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J.J. Thomson, the discoverer of the electron and a recipient

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J.J. Thomson, the discoverer of the electron and a recipient [#permalink]

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J.J. Thomson, the discoverer of the electron and a recipient of the Nobel Price in physics, trained many physicists, among them seven Nobel Price winners, 32 fellows of the Royal Society of London, and 83 professors of physics. This shows that the skills needed for creative research can be taught and learned.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

(A) J.J. Thomson was an internationally known physicist and scientists came from all over the world to work with him

(B) All the scientists trained by were renowned for their creative scientific research

(C) At least one of the eminent scientists trained by J.J. Thomson was not a creative researcher before coming to study with him

(D) Creative research in physics requires research habits not necessary for creative research in other fields

(E) Scientists who go on to be the most successful researchers often receive their scientific education in classes taught by renowned research scientists
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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New post 23 Dec 2003, 12:09
B, as suggested by the ending sentence
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New post 23 Dec 2003, 13:48
definitely C
The premises are that creative research can be taught and learned, and that JJ. Thomson was able to train people to become fellows (32), Nobel Prize winners (7) and professors of physics (83). Therefore, it follows at least one of those people was not a creative researcher before studying with JJ. Thomson.

B does not work because it does not attack the premise that creative research can be taught and learned.
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New post 23 Dec 2003, 16:58
:yes

C
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New post 14 Apr 2016, 04:32
I would go with option C as the correct option.
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Re: J.J. Thomson, the discoverer of the electron and a recipient [#permalink]

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New post 02 Feb 2017, 12:11
Can somebody explain what is the correct answer
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Re: J.J. Thomson, the discoverer of the electron and a recipient [#permalink]

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New post 03 Feb 2017, 04:11
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Gomze wrote:
Can somebody explain what is the correct answer


OA has been added. C is the correct answer because of the following reason:

Conclusion: The skills needed for creative research can be taught and learned.

If ALL the scientists trained by J J Thompson were already creative researchers, then it cannot be confirmed that because of the training, they became so. The assumption behind the above conclusion is that there has to be at least one scientist, who was not a creative researcher - the training made him so.
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Re: J.J. Thomson, the discoverer of the electron and a recipient [#permalink]

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New post 08 Feb 2017, 09:32
A) J.J. Thomson was an internationally known physicist and scientists came from all over the world to work with him
The choice provides additional information which is irrelevant and also out of scope since the nationality of the physist and scientists is not discussed.

(B) All the scientists trained by were renowned for their creative scientific research
The argument does not provide the exact number of students JJ Thomson had and there fore this choice does not make a good choice.

(C) At least one of the eminent scientists trained by J.J. Thomson was not a creative researcher before coming to study with him.

The answer choice is correct since it strengthes the link between the teaching of JJ Thomson and that all the scientist were not creative and renowned before learning for JJ Thomson.

(D) Creative research in physics requires research habits not necessary for creative research in other fields
Other fields is out of scope for this argument.

(E) Scientists who go on to be the most successful researchers often receive their scientific education in classes taught by renowned research scientists.
May not be true therefore this choice does not make a good answer.
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Re: J.J. Thomson, the discoverer of the electron and a recipient [#permalink]

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New post 12 Feb 2017, 03:59
The OA is correct and explanations provided in the thread appear sufficient. If there are any specific questions, please click again on the "Request Expert Reply" button and post your queries – closing this request
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Re: J.J. Thomson, the discoverer of the electron and a recipient [#permalink]

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New post 12 Feb 2017, 08:10
choice C

lets do the negation of the choice c and conclusion falls apart-
(C) At least one of the eminent scientists trained by J.J. Thomson was not a creative researcher before coming to study with him

at least one ( means 1 to 100) or some on a scale of 0 to 100
negation of atleast one is - none or no one

so negation of choice c becomes
None of the eminent scientists trained by J.J. Thomson was not a creative researcher before coming to study with him- double negative, so in affirmative the same sentence is
some of the eminent scientists trained by J.J. Thomson were creative researchers before coming to study with him

now conclusion breaks down
choice E is close but if you look the words, it talks about the most successful researchers
Re: J.J. Thomson, the discoverer of the electron and a recipient   [#permalink] 12 Feb 2017, 08:10
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J.J. Thomson, the discoverer of the electron and a recipient

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