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Jamboree and GMAT Club Contest: Patriarchal in nature, with a strong

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Re: Jamboree and GMAT Club Contest: Patriarchal in nature, with a strong [#permalink]

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New post 13 Nov 2015, 09:32
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Patriarchal in nature, with a strong emphasis on the role of the ancestors in their day to day lives, the tribes of South Africa have a well structured traditional society that they strictly adhered to, especially in the rural areas.

Modifier "Patriarchal in nature...their day to day lives" is correctly modifying tribes. We can eliminate C and D because this modifier illogically modifies society. The sentence is talking about something present day facts about tribes of South Africa. Modifier "That they strictly adhered to" use a past tense and, therefore, is not compatible with the present tense tone of the sentence. Eliminate A. E is unnecessarily wordy and giving emphasis on well-structured aspect. Also the adverbial modifier "especially in rural areas" seems to modify
"well structured" aspect in addition to "adherence to society". Eliminate E. Ans. B
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Re: Jamboree and GMAT Club Contest: Patriarchal in nature, with a strong [#permalink]

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New post 13 Nov 2015, 14:38
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Here, there is an important word, which is THEIR, in non-underlined part. THEIR is used for what? Is it used for ANCESTORS or THE TRIBES?
Actually, ‘THEIR’ is used instead of THE TRIBEs not ANCESTORs, because the location of ANCESTORS is INSIDE of preposition/ prepositional phrase (OF the…). When we have something INSIDE of preposition, then it can’t be subject for a single moment! So, we need a subject in the underlined part. But, in option C and D, the location of the subject (THE TRIBES) is also INSIDE of preposition/prepositional phrase (OF the…). But, we are NOT allowed to use subject THE TRIBES inside of preposition. So, we must cross out option C and D in case of above discussion.

In option A, ‘THEY’ is used for what? In this option, ‘THEY’ is trying to indicate “a well structured traditional society’’. But, is it possible to use THEY as a pronoun of “a well structured traditional society’’? ---Nope. We are not permitted to use ‘THEY’ instead of SOCIETY! So, option A is cross out as well.

In option E, “well structured” is the modifier of “traditional Society”. So, we should not separate it by THAT clause. Also, “a traditional society that is well structured” makes weird sound. The use of “a well structured traditional society” is perfectly fine. Because, the tribes of South Africa have a “well structured traditional society” NOT the tribes of South Africa have a “traditional society that is well structured”’ which is weird to hear! Most importantly, THAT clause did not complete the sentence; so, it is sentence fragment.

In option B, the intended meaning of the sentence and grammar structure have been used perfectly. So, the correct answer is choice B.
Thanks to all…
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Re: Jamboree and GMAT Club Contest: Patriarchal in nature, with a strong [#permalink]

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New post 14 Nov 2015, 07:01
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Between B and E, i will go with B

Patriarchal in nature, with a strong emphasis on the role of the ancestors in their day to day lives, the tribes of South Africa have a well structured traditional society that they strictly adhered to, especially in the rural areas.

A. the tribes of South Africa have a well structured traditional society that they strictly adhered to, especially in the rural areas
Tense shift

B. the tribes of South Africa have a well structured traditional society that is strictly adhered to, especially in the rural areas
Tenses taken care of by converting the second element into passive.

C. the well structured traditional society of the tribes of South Africa is strictly adhered to, especially in the rural areas
Modifier error. We are discussing about the Tribes here and not the society.

D. the traditional society of the tribes of South Africa is well structured and strictly adhered to, especially in the rural areas
Same error as in C

E. the tribes of South Africa have a traditional society that is well structured and is strictly adhered to, especially in the rural areas
I think we have a logical error here (grammatically everything seems fine)
Two aspects of Traditional society are made parallel here-
1) well structured and
2) is strictly adhered to
In addition to the fact that one of them is passive and the other one active (this fact is accepted sometimes), the two elements are not logically parallel. One of them shows the inherent quality of the society and the other talk about the fact that the tribes adhere to it. On these grounds i reject this choice.
Hope im correct :)
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Re: Jamboree and GMAT Club Contest: Patriarchal in nature, with a strong [#permalink]

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New post 14 Nov 2015, 08:46
My answer: C

We see that the sentence starts with a modifier "patriarchal in nature", so we need to find out what that modifies. The two options are "tribes" and "society". The modifier continues by saying that "something has a strong emphasis on role of ...". Between the two subjects, "society" makes more sense - it has a nature of xyz and emphasizes on ... xyz.

This eliminates A, B, E.

A. Also has a tense issue - tribes "have" (simple tense) .... they "adhered to" (past tense).

D. Says two things about the society - it is well structured and strictly adhered to. I think that this creates an unnecessary list and deviates from the original sentence. I'm thinking that the society is adhered to because it is well structured and not that there is a society that is well structured and adhered to. Who knows...

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Re: Jamboree and GMAT Club Contest: Patriarchal in nature, with a strong [#permalink]

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New post 14 Nov 2015, 09:58
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Bunuel wrote:

Jamboree and GMAT Club Contest Starts



QUESTION #8:

Patriarchal in nature, with a strong emphasis on the role of the ancestors in their day to day lives, the tribes of South Africa have a well structured traditional society that they strictly adhered to, especially in the rural areas.

A. the tribes of South Africa have a well structured traditional society that they strictly adhered to, especially in the rural areas
B. the tribes of South Africa have a well structured traditional society that is strictly adhered to, especially in the rural areas
C. the well structured traditional society of the tribes of South Africa is strictly adhered to, especially in the rural areas
D. the traditional society of the tribes of South Africa is well structured and strictly adhered to, especially in the rural areas
E. the tribes of South Africa have a traditional society that is well structured and is strictly adhered to, especially in the rural areas

Check conditions below:


[Reveal] Spoiler:
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JAMBOBREE OFFICIAL SOLUTION:

“Tribes” vs. “society” (“in their day to...” points to a plural subject)... “adhered” vs. “is adhered” (“have a society” points to present tense)...“well structured society” vs. “society that is well structured”....The subject after the comma has to be the ‘tribes’ and not the ‘society’.

1. ......society that they adhere to.... - the pronoun‘ they’ can be avoided to eliminate any kind of ambiguity or even to make the sentence concise. As shown in choice B.
2. CORRECT
3. Patriarchal in nature,with a strong......., the well-structured society..... - Incorrect modification.
4. Same as C
5. .....society that is well-structured.... - wordy construction.

Answer: B.
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Re: Jamboree and GMAT Club Contest: Patriarchal in nature, with a strong [#permalink]

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New post 14 Nov 2015, 22:18
Bunuel wrote:
Bunuel wrote:

Jamboree and GMAT Club Contest Starts



QUESTION #8:

Patriarchal in nature, with a strong emphasis on the role of the ancestors in their day to day lives, the tribes of South Africa have a well structured traditional society that they strictly adhered to, especially in the rural areas.

A. the tribes of South Africa have a well structured traditional society that they strictly adhered to, especially in the rural areas
B. the tribes of South Africa have a well structured traditional society that is strictly adhered to, especially in the rural areas
C. the well structured traditional society of the tribes of South Africa is strictly adhered to, especially in the rural areas
D. the traditional society of the tribes of South Africa is well structured and strictly adhered to, especially in the rural areas
E. the tribes of South Africa have a traditional society that is well structured and is strictly adhered to, especially in the rural areas

Check conditions below:


[Reveal] Spoiler:
For the following two weekends we'll be publishing 4 FRESH math questions and 4 FRESH verbal questions per weekend.

To participate, you will have to reply with your best answer/solution to the new questions that will be posted on Saturday and Sunday at 9 AM Pacific.
Then a week later, respective forum moderators will be selecting 2 winners who provided most correct answers to the questions, along with best solutions. Those winners will get 6-months access to GMAT Club Tests.

PLUS! Based on the answers and solutions for all the questions published during the project ONE user will be awarded with ONE Grand prize. He/She can opt for one of the following as a Grand Prize. It will be a choice for the winner:
-- GMAT Online Comprehensive (If the student wants an online GMAT preparation course)
-- GMAT Classroom Program (Only if he/she has a Jamboree center nearby and is willing to join the classroom program)

Bookmark this post to come back to this discussion for the question links - there will be 2 on Saturday and 2 on Sunday!



There is only one Grand prize and student can choose out of the above mentioned too options as per the conditions mentioned in blue font.
All announcements and winnings are final and no whining :-) GMAT Club reserves the rights to modify the terms of this offer at any time.


NOTE: Test Prep Experts and Tutors are asked not to participate. We would like to have the members maximize their learning and problem solving process.

Thank you!



JAMBOBREE OFFICIAL SOLUTION:

“Tribes” vs. “society” (“in their day to...” points to a plural subject)... “adhered” vs. “is adhered” (“have a society” points to present tense)...“well structured society” vs. “society that is well structured”....The subject after the comma has to be the ‘tribes’ and not the ‘society’.

1. ......society that they adhere to.... - the pronoun‘ they’ can be avoided to eliminate any kind of ambiguity or even to make the sentence concise. As shown in choice B.
2. CORRECT
3. Patriarchal in nature,with a strong......., the well-structured society..... - Incorrect modification.
4. Same as C
5. .....society that is well-structured.... - wordy construction.

Answer: B.


Hi,
(for jamboree staff)
I may sound naive but can the society be strictly adhered to or its rules...
would "the tribes of South Africa have a well structured traditional society that is strictly adhered to"
or " the tribes of South Africa have a well structured traditional society with traditions that are strictly adhered to" sound correct?
Regards
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Re: Jamboree and GMAT Club Contest: Patriarchal in nature, with a strong [#permalink]

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New post 04 Dec 2015, 21:40
Yes, the point raised is valid. We do not adhere to a society, we belong to a society. We adhere to the rules of a society.
Adherence is to the rules not to a group.
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Re: Jamboree and GMAT Club Contest: Patriarchal in nature, with a strong [#permalink]

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New post 17 Sep 2017, 09:10
Hi,
I did not understand. Is the society patriarchal or the tribes. I chose D as i thought they are referring to the society, which is patriarchal in nature :S Please help.

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Jamboree and GMAT Club Contest: Patriarchal in nature, with a strong [#permalink]

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New post 17 Sep 2017, 23:03
Damn! A good one! Modifier, by mistake I took as society. However, the previous poster clearly points this out too. Ancestors in their daily lives... Their must refer back to a plural modifier, which in case can only be tribes. Thus, D is out. Without a doubt then, B stands out because A has they adhered, and that is incorrect because it makes it past tense. The sentence is present and is adhered correctly puts that.

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Re: Jamboree and GMAT Club Contest: Patriarchal in nature, with a strong [#permalink]

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New post 17 Sep 2017, 23:09
first, since I do not understand the word "patriarchal", I get confused about the options.
Among those options, B is best b/c C,D are passive, E is awkward and A has "they" and hence is wrong.

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Re: Jamboree and GMAT Club Contest: Patriarchal in nature, with a strong [#permalink]

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New post 18 Sep 2017, 06:03
A. the tribes of South Africa have a well structured traditional society that they strictly adhered to, especially in the rural areas
Seems like they adhered to => means they do not adhere anymore => Eliminated
B. the tribes of South Africa have a well structured traditional society that is strictly adhered to, especially in the rural areas

C& D are directly out
C. the well structured traditional society of the tribes of South Africa is strictly adhered to, especially in the rural areas
D. the traditional society of the tribes of South Africa is well structured and strictly adhered to, especially in the rural areas


E. the tribes of South Africa have a traditional society that is well structured and is strictly adhered to, especially in the rural areas
incorrect meaning=> well structured and strictly adhered to especially in rural areas => out side rural areas it is not well structured
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Re: Jamboree and GMAT Club Contest: Patriarchal in nature, with a strong [#permalink]

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New post 18 Sep 2017, 13:09
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vinod265 wrote:
Patriarchal in nature, with a strong emphasis on the role of the ancestors in their day to day lives, the tribes of South Africa have a well structured traditional society that they strictly adhered to, especially in the rural areas.

A. the tribes of South Africa have a well structured traditional society that they strictly adhered to, especially in the rural areas
here meaning is the issue.....society of tribes is patriarchal......"they strictly adhered to" is not correct....

B. the tribes of South Africa have a well structured traditional society that is strictly adhered to, especially in the rural areas
It corrects the meaning issue.....society is adhered to something.....

C. the well structured traditional society of the tribes of South Africa is strictly adhered to, especially in the rural areas
here meaning is the issue tribes of Africa have society that society is adhered to something......it completely changes the meaning. .another thing "with a strong emphasis......"modifies society.....but it should modify tribes.....

D. the traditional society of the tribes of South Africa is well structured and strictly adhered to, especially in the rural areas
unnecessarily using parallelism ...."well structured" and "adhered to" are two things....meaning is the issue ....it completely changes the meaning... Modifier is not modifying correctly.....

E. the tribes of South Africa have a traditional society that is well structured and is strictly adhered to, especially in the rural areas
here also it completely changing the meaning......well structured society is adhered to something is correct...



the tribes have a traditional structure and they strictly adhere to the traditional structure.

Thus Option B perfectly fits the bet.

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Re: Jamboree and GMAT Club Contest: Patriarchal in nature, with a strong [#permalink]

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New post 19 Sep 2017, 04:15
Patriarchal can modify both the society and tribe, but it is more inclined towards Society. Pls explain how option C & D is eliminated based on this modifier issue

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Re: Jamboree and GMAT Club Contest: Patriarchal in nature, with a strong   [#permalink] 19 Sep 2017, 04:15

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