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# Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system

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Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system [#permalink]

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13 Sep 2003, 21:02
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Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images, making its ever-present congestion tolerable.

(A) Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images, making its
(B) Japan, a culture of accommodation and constraint, is a system of forms, etiquette, and images, which makes its
(C) A cuture of accommodation and constraint, Japan is a system of forms, etiquette, and images making its
(D) Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images that makes the
(E) Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, of a system of forms, etiquette, and images which makes the

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10 Feb 2009, 09:48
Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images, making its ever-present congestion tolerable.

(A) Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images, making its
(B) Japan, a culture of accommodation and constraint, is a system of forms, etiquette, and images, which makes its
(C) A culture of accommodation and constraint, Japan is a system of forms, etiquette, and images making its
(D) Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images that makes the
(E) Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, of a system of forms, etiquette, and images which makes the

My Explanation:
---------------
A) Country Japan is not a culture; a country has a culture so we can discard this option.
B) This option again is referring to Japan as a culture of accommodation and constraint, which is wrong.
C) Same reason as that for option A & B.
D) The word Japan's in this context refers to Japan's culture.
E) I could find two errors here:
---> 1.) 'of a system of forms' is a wrong usage.
---> 2.) Though not as important as reason 1.), the word 'which' should be preceded by a comma.
---------------

IMHO, the answer is option D.

HTH.
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10 Feb 2009, 10:24
(A) Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images, making its
(B) Japan, a culture of accommodation and constraint, is a system of forms, etiquette, and images, which makes its
(C) A culture of accommodation and constraint, Japan is a system of forms, etiquette, and images making its
(D) Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images that makes the
(E) Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, of a system of forms, etiquette, and images which makes the

My explanation :

A & B refer Japan as a culture which is wrong. tense in A should be singular (makes instaead of making). C follows with same errors as in A and B.
D Modfier modifies the noun correctly followd by present tense. E unnecessary introduction of 'of' breaks the //sm and awkward.

IMO

D
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Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system [#permalink]

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21 Feb 2009, 18:27
Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images, making its ever-present congestion tolerable.
A.Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images, making its
B.Japan, a culture of accommodation and constraint, is a system of forms, etiquette, and images, which makes its
C.A culture of accommodation and constraint, Japan is a system of forms, etiquette, and images making its
D.Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images that makes the
E.Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, of a system of forms, etiquette, and images which makes the

Tks for ur help/.
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21 Feb 2009, 21:29
baggio wrote:
Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images, making its ever-present congestion tolerable.
A.Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images, making its
B.Japan, a culture of accommodation and constraint, is a system of forms, etiquette, and images, which makes its
C.A culture of accommodation and constraint, Japan is a system of forms, etiquette, and images making its
D.Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images that makes the
E.Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, of a system of forms, etiquette, and images which makes the

Tks for ur help/.

In A, the word and is missing. It would sound right if the sentence is Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, and a system of forms ,etiquette, and images, making its
B is wrong because the use of which. The which here modifies images. It is not the image makes its ever-present congestion tolerable.
D and E Japan's is wrong and the use of that and which is also wrong.

I guess I am going to go with C, although I kind of like the comma between images and making to be there.
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21 Feb 2009, 22:03
baggio wrote:
Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images, making its ever-present congestion tolerable.
A.Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images, making its
B.Japan, a culture of accommodation and constraint, is a system of forms, etiquette, and images, which makes its
C.A culture of accommodation and constraint, Japan is a system of forms, etiquette, and images making its
D.Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images that makes the
E.Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, of a system of forms, etiquette, and images which makes the

Tks for ur help/.

Japan is not a culture..
Japan is a country..

Clearly A,B,C are out.

We can say
Japan has a culture..
Japan has a system of X,Y and Z

between D and E

Japan's is a culture of A and C, a system of X,Y and Z

in D "makes" modify " a system"

E --> of a system is incorrect.

D is the best.
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21 Feb 2009, 22:54
was struck b/w D and E. but Suresh's explanation has made things clear. Will go for D

Last edited by ritula on 22 Feb 2009, 09:11, edited 1 time in total.
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21 Feb 2009, 23:08
Ritula....I guess you mean to say D....
ritula wrote:
was struck b/w D and E. but Suresh's explanation has made things clear. Will go for E
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22 Feb 2009, 04:12
I still have a doubt to choose b/w D & E.
Can anybody plz explain the following:

D.Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images that makes the
Why and????
We could have written it like this.
--- Japan's is a culture of accommodation,constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images that makes the

E.Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, of a system of forms, etiquette, and images which makes the
--- Whereas this seems me to be correct construction.Even if i remove 'of accommodation and constraint',i can still make a sentence.
--- Japan's is a culture-----------------------------, of a system of forms, etiquette, and images which makes the
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22 Feb 2009, 05:00
baggio wrote:
Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images, making its ever-present congestion tolerable.
A.Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images, making its
B.Japan, a culture of accommodation and constraint, is a system of forms, etiquette, and images, which makes its
C.A culture of accommodation and constraint, Japan is a system of forms, etiquette, and images making its
D.Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images that makes the
E.Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, of a system of forms, etiquette, and images which makes the

Tks for ur help/.

Although D is clearly the best choice here, I have 1 issue with D:

Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, AND a system of forms, etiquette, and images that makes the ever-present congestion tolerable

The sentence is discussing two things about Japan: Japan's culture of accommodation and constraint AND Japan's system of forms, etiquette, and images.

i.e. we need "AND"

Any thoughts on this?
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22 Feb 2009, 06:13
x2suresh wrote:
baggio wrote:
Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images, making its ever-present congestion tolerable.
A.Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images, making its
B.Japan, a culture of accommodation and constraint, is a system of forms, etiquette, and images, which makes its
C.A culture of accommodation and constraint, Japan is a system of forms, etiquette, and images making its
D.Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images that makes the
E.Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, of a system of forms, etiquette, and images which makes the

Tks for ur help/.

Japan is not a culture..
Japan is a country..

Clearly A,B,C are out.

We can say
Japan has a culture..
Japan has a system of X,Y and Z

between D and E

Japan's is a culture of A and C, a system of X,Y and Z

in D "makes" modify " a system"

E --> of a system is incorrect.

D is the best.

I'm not sure whether calling Japan a culture is wrong. Also, as botivroy mentioned, an AND is needed in D just to make it grammatically correct. I think C is the best choice amongst all 5.
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22 Feb 2009, 09:12
Thanks for pointing. I hv edited.
Ritula....I guess you mean to say D....
ritula wrote:
was struck b/w D and E. but Suresh's explanation has made things clear. Will go for E
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28 Feb 2009, 20:06
well explained suresh. i have to go with D. I do not think "and" is necessary.
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28 Feb 2009, 22:25
D is the best, E is wrong because of which, which - non essential clause when that, these, those already convey the essential clause...

Also, we are talking about Japan's culture..not japan
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01 Mar 2009, 15:11
D is the best choice. I think we don't need and because we are comparing Japan's culture with the system.
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Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system [#permalink]

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29 Sep 2009, 07:42
34. Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images, making its ever-present congestion tolerable.

(A) Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images, making its
(B) Japan, a culture of accommodation and constraint, is a system of forms, etiquette, and images, which makes its
(C) A culture of accommodation and constraint, Japan is a system of forms, etiquette, and images making its
(D) Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images that makes the
(E) Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, of a system of forms, etiquette, and images which makes the
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29 Sep 2009, 09:52
All seem to be incorrect.

I will go with C
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30 Sep 2009, 08:55
On appearing on brutal thread is D.
All of the answer choices look incorrect to me too.
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15 Oct 2009, 13:36
What's wrong with B?

Posted from my mobile device
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30 Oct 2009, 20:11
mendelay wrote:
What's wrong with B?

Posted from my mobile device

forms, etiquette, and images, which makes--subject verb agreement.

IMO "A". D also has subject verb agreement error
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30 Oct 2009, 20:39
kairoshan wrote:
34. Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images, making its ever-present congestion tolerable.

(A) Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images, making its
(B) Japan, a culture of accommodation and constraint, is a system of forms, etiquette, and images, which makes its
(C) A culture of accommodation and constraint, Japan is a system of forms, etiquette, and images making its
(D) Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images that makes the
(E) Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, of a system of forms, etiquette, and images which makes the

Can't resist replying to a Q on Japan

IMO (D)

(A) Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images, making its
<--"its" predecessor is not clear"
(B) Japan, a culture of accommodation and constraint, is a system of forms, etiquette, and images, which makes its <--same as (A)
(C) A culture of accommodation and constraint, Japan is a system of forms, etiquette, and images making its
<--Japan is not a culture. It should be Japan's culture
(D) Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images that makes the <--a culture of <>, a system of <> parallel form
(E) Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, of a system of forms, etiquette, and images which makes the <--a culture of a system of forms... sounds awkward and seems like changing the meaning of original

an edit on (A) reason
Re: Brutal #34   [#permalink] 30 Oct 2009, 20:39

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