It is currently 26 Jun 2017, 17:57

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system

 new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics
Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Senior Manager
Joined: 22 May 2003
Posts: 329
Location: Uruguay
Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 Sep 2003, 21:02
2
KUDOS
52
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

95% (hard)

Question Stats:

36% (02:11) correct 64% (01:15) wrong based on 2029 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images, making its ever-present congestion tolerable.

(A) Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images, making its
(B) Japan, a culture of accommodation and constraint, is a system of forms, etiquette, and images, which makes its
(C) A cuture of accommodation and constraint, Japan is a system of forms, etiquette, and images making its
(D) Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images that makes the
(E) Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, of a system of forms, etiquette, and images which makes the

Please don't be stingy with your explanations!!!
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
CEO
Joined: 15 Aug 2003
Posts: 3454

### Show Tags

15 Sep 2003, 02:50
8
KUDOS
3
This post was
BOOKMARKED
MartinMag wrote:
Oops! Sorry about that! Answer is D and not E

Could you explain a little further? Why is E wrong?
Is "that" better than "which" ?

Thanks and sorry again

Martin

In D, The clause starting with "that" is a RESTRICTIVE clause...how do i know that?

Remove the "that" clause..we are left with a run on sentence.

With Restrictive Clauses, ALWAYS use THAT.

NOTE:
Its true that both "that" and "which" can be used to start restrictive clauses...but "that" is always preferred.

So we zoom in to D..[/b]

Another reason for rejecting E...

Japan's is a culture of X, of a system of forms...this structure is not quite correct...

Culture and System are two different things.. isnt it?

Culture of a System of.......isnt that messed up?

correct version can be:

Japan's is a culture of X and a system of Y that makes its Z

ok, now to answer in general about that and which

That starts a restrictive clause providing essential information.. no commas ever for "that"

The book, which is on the table, is mine...wrong

If we remove the red part, you will ask...which book....isnt it?

The book that is on the table is mine...correct

The sentence in blue is thus integral to the sentence.

Here we have complete information about the book...so this is fine
So if you get rid of a "which" clause ...it "should not" change the meaning of the sentence..if it does, then your sentence construction is wrong.....the Which clause is usually set of from the sentence by commas...

Be advised..there may be cases where ETS will introduce the same error in ALL the choices...in that case, dont lose sight of the fact that you got to pick the BEST answer....for example , you may have five choices...all of these have no comma before which...in that case..you can be sure that the rule " no comma before which" is not tested here.

Is that good enough?

Thanks
Praetorian

Last edited by Praetorian on 15 Sep 2003, 07:31, edited 2 times in total.
Director
Joined: 17 Sep 2005
Posts: 903

### Show Tags

06 Jun 2006, 22:05
1
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
It's between B and D.
I would go with B.

Ok let's take D first:

Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images that makes the ever-present congestion tolerable.

We may think "Japan's is" as "Culture of Japan" and can rewrite the sentence as
"Culture of Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images that makes the ever-present congestion tolerable."

However, a culture can not be a system.
Moreover "ever-present congestion" is not clear. It seems as if congestion is present everywhere. Actually it should say congestion is present everywhere in Japan.

So D is out.

In B

Japan, a culture of accommodation and constraint, is a system of forms, etiquette, and images, which makes its ever-present congestion tolerable.

Here Japan can be a system.
I am not sure if it's appropriate to say "Japan is a culture".
"its" clearly says about Japan's Congestion.

So IMO B should be the answer.

Regards,
Brajesh
CEO
Joined: 20 Nov 2005
Posts: 2894
Schools: Completed at SAID BUSINESS SCHOOL, OXFORD - Class of 2008

### Show Tags

07 Jun 2006, 20:34
1
KUDOS
Going against the gang. I will go with E.

A, B and C can be eliminated easliy for wrong comparison between Japan and culture.

Now the tough choice is between D and E but I think E wins. Why? Let me try:

D) Japan's is
a culture of accommodation and constraint,
a system of forms, etiquette, and images
that makes the

Carefully look at the ||ism. This doesn't make sense. In the first we are saying "Japan's is a culture of......" and in second we are saying "a system of......"

(E) Japan's is a culture
of accommodation and constraint,
of a system of forms, etiquette, and images
which makes the

Here ||ism is there. Subject here is "culture" not the Japan and "which" is clearly referring to culture. We don't need comma.
_________________

SAID BUSINESS SCHOOL, OXFORD - MBA CLASS OF 2008

Director
Joined: 27 Feb 2006
Posts: 622

### Show Tags

08 Jun 2006, 04:16
1
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
OA is ^ D ^

Here we should talk about the culture so we need "Japan's". Otherwise we would be trying to find a connection between Japan and the culture and that is not what we want ..

So we are left with D and E.

(D) Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images that makes the

(E) Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, of a system of forms, etiquette, and images which makes the

In E we have the redundancy with the repetition of "of". It is not necessary.

But the main subject is that "which" in E has no clear referrant. As we use "which" with non restrictive clauses and "that" with restrcitive clauses, "that" is better for this question.
Director
Joined: 17 Sep 2005
Posts: 903

### Show Tags

08 Jun 2006, 21:19
selene wrote:
ps_dahiya wrote:
selene wrote:
OA is ^ D ^

Here we should talk about the culture so we need "Japan's". Otherwise we would be trying to find a connection between Japan and the culture and that is not what we want ..

So we are left with D and E.

(D) Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images that makes the

(E) Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, of a system of forms, etiquette, and images which makes the

In E we have the redundancy with the repetition of "of". It is not necessary.

But the main subject is that "which" in E has no clear referrant. As we use "which" with non restrictive clauses and "that" with restrcitive clauses, "that" is better for this question.

I don't believe this. Must be E. Here is the discussion and explanation given by SC guru Paul

http://www.gmatclub.com/phpbb/viewtopic.php?t=8422

This question was discussed on the forum before. It is a complicated one, that's why I posted it here. The OA is D.

Selene,

I went through the links provided by you.
However I have a doubt which I had earlier.

Don't you think in D "ever-present congestion" is not clear??
It seems as if congestion is present everywhere. Actually it should say "congestion is present everywhere in Japan."

In B

Japan, a culture of accommodation and constraint, is a system of forms, etiquette, and images, which makes its ever-present congestion tolerable.

Here Japan can be a system.
I am not sure if it's appropriate to say "Japan is a culture".
"its" clearly says about Japan's Congestion.

Regards,
Brajesh
Director
Joined: 27 Feb 2006
Posts: 622

### Show Tags

09 Jun 2006, 05:20
b14kumar wrote:
selene wrote:
ps_dahiya wrote:
selene wrote:
OA is ^ D ^

Here we should talk about the culture so we need "Japan's". Otherwise we would be trying to find a connection between Japan and the culture and that is not what we want ..

So we are left with D and E.

(D) Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images that makes the

(E) Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, of a system of forms, etiquette, and images which makes the

In E we have the redundancy with the repetition of "of". It is not necessary.

But the main subject is that "which" in E has no clear referrant. As we use "which" with non restrictive clauses and "that" with restrcitive clauses, "that" is better for this question.

I don't believe this. Must be E. Here is the discussion and explanation given by SC guru Paul

http://www.gmatclub.com/phpbb/viewtopic.php?t=8422

This question was discussed on the forum before. It is a complicated one, that's why I posted it here. The OA is D.

Selene,

I went through the links provided by you.
However I have a doubt which I had earlier.

Don't you think in D "ever-present congestion" is not clear??
It seems as if congestion is present everywhere. Actually it should say "congestion is present everywhere in Japan."

In B

Japan, a culture of accommodation and constraint, is a system of forms, etiquette, and images, which makes its ever-present congestion tolerable.

Here Japan can be a system.
I am not sure if it's appropriate to say "Japan is a culture".
"its" clearly says about Japan's Congestion.

Regards,
Brajesh

The OA for this interesting question is given as ^ D ^, as I provided in the links. There is not an OE I have. However, the main point in this question is finding the right subject. Is it Japan or the culture of Japan??

>> As the sentence goes on like "... a culture of accomodation ..." we can understand that we should talk about Japanese culture not Japan itself. Culture of Japan is ok, Japan's is ok, Japanese is ok, but I don't think we can use Japan as the subject. It cannot be a culture.

>>Just like I have told in my previous post, this way we are left with E and D. An D is better than E.
VP
Joined: 29 Dec 2005
Posts: 1341
Re: SC - ever-present congestion [#permalink]

### Show Tags

09 Jun 2006, 10:35
selene wrote:
Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images, making its ever-present congestion tolerable.

(A) Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images, making its
(B) Japan, a culture of accommodation and constraint, is a system of forms, etiquette, and images, which makes its
(C) A cuture of accommodation and constraint, Japan is a system of forms, etiquette, and images making its
(D) Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images that makes the
(E) Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, of a system of forms, etiquette, and images which makes the

good question selen.

IMO too it should be D. however D and E donot have any significant difference but a very minor i.e a coma (,).

because in general a coma (,) is required before "which" where the same is not necessary before "that". in the above question, there is no coma. therefore D make sense.
Director
Joined: 02 Mar 2006
Posts: 575
Location: France

### Show Tags

22 Aug 2006, 05:06
Hummm.

I eliminated on the first glance D and E and hesitated b/w B and C.

For me D was out because it seems wordy and says "J's culture is a culture of accomodation, a system of forms that make ....

This sentence raises few interrogations:
- I have the feeling something is missing such as an AND=>culture is a culture AND a system.
Or are we allowed sometimes to ignore the linking element?
Ex : My car is red,big OR My car is red and big?

- U2 said Japan is not a system. Can culture be a system?
Manager
Joined: 22 Aug 2006
Posts: 56
Location: Moscow, Russia

### Show Tags

22 Aug 2006, 08:51
It's D

Japan is a country/nation not a culture, therefore A is out; B is out japan isn't a system; C is out, Japan isn'y a culture (this time in pre-position).

E is out because of "of" that doesn't reate to anything. In D system is an acceptable apposition to culture (culture is a system of forms) and rthe absolute possessive case is OK "Japan's is" cf "Hers were the toil and suffering...."

(A) Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint,
a system of forms, etiquette, and images, making its
(B) Japan, a culture of accommodation and constraint, is
a system of forms, etiquette, and images, which makes its
(C) A cuture of accommodation and constraint, Japan is a system
of forms, etiquette, and images making its
(D) Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system
of forms, etiquette, and images that makes the
(E) Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, of a system
of forms, etiquette, and images which makes the

Please don't be stingy with your explanations!!![/quote]
_________________

________________________________
"Amicus Plato, sed magic amica veritas"

Director
Joined: 09 Aug 2006
Posts: 755
Re: SC japan [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Nov 2007, 05:37
beckee529 wrote:
Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images, making its ever-present congestion tolerable.

(A) Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images, making its
(B) Japan, a culture of accommodation and constraint, is a system of forms, etiquette, and images, which makes its
(C) A culture of accommodation and constraint, Japan is a system of forms, etiquette, and images making its
(D) Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images that makes the
(E) Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, of a system of forms, etiquette, and images which makes the

I pick D.

We need to say 'Japan's culture is a culture of ....' since Japan itself is a country not a culture. Eliminate A, B and C.

B/w D & E, the use of 'which' is not correct in E (since there is no comma before it). Also, I'm not sure if 'of' is correct before 'a system'. Eliminate E.

What's the OA?
VP
Joined: 28 Mar 2006
Posts: 1369
Re: SC japan [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Nov 2007, 07:26
beckee529 wrote:
Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images, making its ever-present congestion tolerable.

(A) Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images, making its
(B) Japan, a culture of accommodation and constraint, is a system of forms, etiquette, and images, which makes its
(C) A culture of accommodation and constraint, Japan is a system of forms, etiquette, and images making its
(D) Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images that makes the
(E) Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, of a system of forms, etiquette, and images which makes the

I will take E here

E is of the structure

Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, of a system of forms, etiquette, and images which makes the

D is of the structure

Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images that makes the

in this construction I feel "that" doesnt have an antecedent.

Surely between D and E though
Senior Manager
Joined: 15 Aug 2007
Posts: 287

### Show Tags

11 Mar 2008, 08:50
34. Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images, making its ever-present congestion tolerable.

(A) Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images, making its
[ its has no clear referent. Is it refering to Japan, System ? ]
(B) Japan, a culture of accommodation and constraint, is a system of forms, etiquette, and images, which makes its
[ its unclear ;
which is refering to images, it is wrong it should correctly point "system" ]

(C) A culture of accommodation and constraint, Japan is a system of forms, etiquette, and images making its
[ Againg the images is "making" , not the system !!! ]
(D) Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images that makes the
[ that is refering to system , hence the meaning of the sentence is clear ]
(E) Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, of a system of forms, etiquette, and images which makes the
[ Againg the images "makes" , not the system !!! ]

SVP
Joined: 07 Nov 2007
Posts: 1799
Location: New York
Re: Brutal SC-34 [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Aug 2008, 23:01
1
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
marshpa wrote:
34. Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images, making its ever-present congestion tolerable.
(A) Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images, making its
(B) Japan, a culture of accommodation and constraint, is a system of forms, etiquette, and images, which makes its
(C) A culture of accommodation and constraint, Japan is a system of forms, etiquette, and images making its
(D) Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images that makes the
(E) Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, of a system of forms, etiquette, and images which makes the

OA is D but my question is whats wrong with C and how D can be OA...Japan's is a culture, is this idiomatic expression? Folks please help me with this..

A,B,C
Says.. Japan is a Culture.. So.. they are gone.

between D and E.. (They may not be best but better than other 3 options)

In D, I think verb "IS" placed in the midlle of the subject "Janpan's Culture"

I can rewrite the setence like below

Japan's culture of accommodation and constraint IS a system of forms, etiquette, and images that makes the

E is out.."of systems of forms" --> awkward.
_________________

Smiling wins more friends than frowning

Senior Manager
Joined: 19 Mar 2008
Posts: 351
Re: Brutal SC-34 [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Aug 2008, 01:29
(A) Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images, making its
-- Japan is not a culture.

(B) Japan, a culture of accommodation and constraint, is a system of forms, etiquette, and images, which makes its
-- Japan is not a culture.

(C) A culture of accommodation and constraint, Japan is a system of forms, etiquette, and images making its
-- Japan is not a culture.

(D) Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images that makes the
>> Correct, even though I am unclear whether it is a correct sentence structure

(E) Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, of a system of forms, etiquette, and images which makes the
-- "makes" should be plural.
Senior Manager
Joined: 29 Mar 2008
Posts: 348

### Show Tags

07 Oct 2008, 13:44
1
KUDOS
jitendra wrote:
34. Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images, making its ever-present congestion tolerable.

(A) Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images, making its
(B) Japan, a culture of accommodation and constraint, is a system of forms, etiquette, and images, which makes its
(C) A culture of accommodation and constraint, Japan is a system of forms, etiquette, and images making its
(D) Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images that makes the
(E) Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, of a system of forms, etiquette, and images which makes the

Getting no clue about right one. pls help

A, B and C tells us that Japan is a culture which is incorrect. (Japan is a country).
D and E states- Japan's is a culture which means, Japan has a culture which is characterized by (accomodation and contraint- use proper form).
Between (D) and (E), (D) is parallel.
In (E), "of a system of forms, etiquette" breaks teh parallelism.
_________________

To find what you seek in the road of life, the best proverb of all is that which says:
"Leave no stone unturned."
-Edward Bulwer Lytton

SVP
Joined: 29 Aug 2007
Posts: 2473
Re: SC -japan [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Feb 2009, 23:15
x2suresh wrote:
Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquetteand images, making its ever-present congestion tolerable

(A) Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images, making its
(B) Japan, a culture of accommodation and constraint, is a system of forms, etiquette, and images, which makes its
(C) A culture of accommodation and constraint, Japan is a system of forms, etiquette, and images making its
(D) Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images that makes the
(E) Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, of a system of forms, etiquette, and images which makes the

Seems D is least bothered one but do not see this structure is a correct one. "Japan's is a culture ......." in D and E meant waht? What is Japan's?

"Japan is a culture .............." in A is not correct.
B also says that japan is a culture - wrong.
C is also similar to B.
D says "Japan's is a culture ........." ok. keep it.
E is not parallel. Japan's is a ...... of x, of y, z and w.
_________________

Gmat: http://gmatclub.com/forum/everything-you-need-to-prepare-for-the-gmat-revised-77983.html

GT

Intern
Joined: 31 Jan 2009
Posts: 20
Re: SC -japan [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Feb 2009, 02:49
A

Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquetteand images, making its ever-present congestion tolerable

(A) Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images, making its (seems the right answer)
(B) Japan, a culture of accommodation and constraint, is a system of forms, etiquette, and images, which makes its ("which" refers to "system", how about "culture?)
(C) A culture of accommodation and constraint, Japan is a system of forms, etiquette, and images making its ("making" modifies "images", wrong)
(D) Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images that makes the (same as B)
(E) Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, of a system of forms, etiquette, and images which makes the ("which" without a "," ahead is wrong)
Manager
Joined: 10 Jan 2009
Posts: 108
Re: SC: Japan [#permalink]

### Show Tags

10 Feb 2009, 09:48
Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images, making its ever-present congestion tolerable.

(A) Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images, making its
(B) Japan, a culture of accommodation and constraint, is a system of forms, etiquette, and images, which makes its
(C) A culture of accommodation and constraint, Japan is a system of forms, etiquette, and images making its
(D) Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images that makes the
(E) Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, of a system of forms, etiquette, and images which makes the

My Explanation:
---------------
A) Country Japan is not a culture; a country has a culture so we can discard this option.
B) This option again is referring to Japan as a culture of accommodation and constraint, which is wrong.
C) Same reason as that for option A & B.
D) The word Japan's in this context refers to Japan's culture.
E) I could find two errors here:
---> 1.) 'of a system of forms' is a wrong usage.
---> 2.) Though not as important as reason 1.), the word 'which' should be preceded by a comma.
---------------

IMHO, the answer is option D.

HTH.
_________________

+++ Believe me, it doesn't take much of an effort to underline SC questions. Just try it out. +++
+++ Please tell me why other options are wrong. +++

~~~ The only way to get smarter is to play a smarter opponent. ~~~

Senior Manager
Joined: 06 Mar 2006
Posts: 494

### Show Tags

21 Feb 2009, 21:29
baggio wrote:
Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images, making its ever-present congestion tolerable.
A.Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images, making its
B.Japan, a culture of accommodation and constraint, is a system of forms, etiquette, and images, which makes its
C.A culture of accommodation and constraint, Japan is a system of forms, etiquette, and images making its
D.Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system of forms, etiquette, and images that makes the
E.Japan's is a culture of accommodation and constraint, of a system of forms, etiquette, and images which makes the

Tks for ur help/.

In A, the word and is missing. It would sound right if the sentence is Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, and a system of forms ,etiquette, and images, making its
B is wrong because the use of which. The which here modifies images. It is not the image makes its ever-present congestion tolerable.
D and E Japan's is wrong and the use of that and which is also wrong.

I guess I am going to go with C, although I kind of like the comma between images and making to be there.
Re: SC_baggio(9)   [#permalink] 21 Feb 2009, 21:29

Go to page    1   2   3    Next  [ 42 posts ]

Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
1 The budget constraints that have caused many state governments 6 01 Mar 2017, 05:39
5 QOTD #2 Surprised by unexpected budgetary constraints, it was chosen 5 29 Jun 2016, 03:35
2 Cultures. 3 07 Mar 2016, 10:28
1 Designed to accommodate only 20 million tons of trash 4 14 Mar 2014, 05:51
1 2Qs - A year advantage in a new & Japan is a culture of 2 31 Mar 2012, 21:13
Display posts from previous: Sort by

# Japan is a culture of accommodation and constraint, a system

 new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics

 Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.