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# Japan received huge sums of capital from the United States

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Intern
Joined: 11 Jun 2004
Posts: 4

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18 Jun 2004, 01:39
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Japan received huge sums of capital from the United States after the Second World War, using it to help build a modern industrial system.
(A) Japan received huge sums of capital from the United States after the Second World War, using it to help build
(B) Japan received huge sums of capital from the United States after the Second World War and used it to help in building
(C)Japan used the huge sums of capital it received from the United States after the Second World War to help build
(D) Japanâ€™s huge sums of capital received from the United States after the Second World War were used to help it in building
(E) Receiving huge sums of capital from the United States after the Second World War, Japan used it to help build

Can anyone explain the right answer.

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SVP
Joined: 03 Feb 2003
Posts: 1603

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18 Jun 2004, 01:44
Vote for C--it avoids the ambiguous IT (Japan used it..) used what? sums of capital, the Second World War?)

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Joined: 31 Dec 1969

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Location: Russian Federation
GMAT 3: 740 Q40 V50
GMAT 4: 700 Q48 V38
GMAT 5: 710 Q45 V41
GMAT 6: 680 Q47 V36
GMAT 9: 740 Q49 V42
GMAT 11: 500 Q47 V33
GMAT 14: 760 Q49 V44
WE: Supply Chain Management (Energy and Utilities)

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18 Jun 2004, 01:53
Is huge sums of capital singular or plural. if its plural, then can i say that this sentence is correct -
Japan received huge sums of capital from the United States after the Second World War, using them to help build a modern industrial system.
If not, what is the error in the sentence.

Thanks.

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Senior Manager
Joined: 25 May 2004
Posts: 281

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Location: Ukraine

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18 Jun 2004, 01:57
This SC question has already been discussed.

http://www.gmatclub.com/phpbb/viewtopic.php?t=6894

Kudos [?]: 20 [0], given: 0

Joined: 31 Dec 1969

Kudos [?]: [0], given:

Location: Russian Federation
GMAT 3: 740 Q40 V50
GMAT 4: 700 Q48 V38
GMAT 5: 710 Q45 V41
GMAT 6: 680 Q47 V36
GMAT 9: 740 Q49 V42
GMAT 11: 500 Q47 V33
GMAT 14: 760 Q49 V44
WE: Supply Chain Management (Energy and Utilities)

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18 Jun 2004, 02:08
ob,
thanks for the link. i went through it. and i still have the same doubt.

Is huge sums of capital singular or plural. if its plural, then can i say that this sentence is correct -
Japan received huge sums of capital from the United States after the Second World War, using them to help build a modern industrial system.

If not, what is the error in the above sentence.

Can someone clarify this for me.

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GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 15 Dec 2003
Posts: 4285

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18 Jun 2004, 08:14
"sums of capital" is plural. Although your sentence has nothing wrong, I still prefer C's construction as it is more concise and less cumbersome without the introduction of a participial phrase. Participial phrases act as adjectives and modify noun "Japan" for it is Japan which is "using them[sums of capital] to help build a modern industrial system"
_________________

Best Regards,

Paul

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18 Jun 2004, 08:14
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