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# John encouraged Jerry to start a pest control business

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Director
Joined: 03 Aug 2012
Posts: 893
Concentration: General Management, General Management
GMAT 1: 630 Q47 V29
GMAT 2: 680 Q50 V32
GPA: 3.7
WE: Information Technology (Investment Banking)

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05 May 2013, 04:48
John encouraged Jerry to start a pest control business because he felt that the residents of the city would be willing to pay for the same.

The above sentence is incorrect as per Aritotle SC Grail.However, it is correct as per MGMAT SC Guide Rule.

According to Aristotle SC Grail there is Pronoun Ambiguity in the sentence as marked in RED.

However,according to MGMAT SC Guide rule:

Rule: Pronoun in one clause may often be deemed to refer to subject of || Clause.Here in this sentence we have 2 clauses:

C1: John encouraged Jerry to start a pest control business
C2: He felt that the residents of the city would be willing to pay for the same
Subordinating Conjunction : Because

Had it been "John and Jerry" then the confusion might have aroused.However,according to Rule mentioned there shouldn't be any ambiguity.He should refer to John clearly.

Rgds,
TGC
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Joined: 02 Jul 2012
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Location: India
Concentration: Strategy
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05 May 2013, 06:18
IMHO, there does not seem to be any ambiguity... He seems to clearly refer to John... I would like to hear Aristotle Prep's explanation for why they say it is ambiguous...
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Director
Joined: 03 Aug 2012
Posts: 893
Concentration: General Management, General Management
GMAT 1: 630 Q47 V29
GMAT 2: 680 Q50 V32
GPA: 3.7
WE: Information Technology (Investment Banking)

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05 May 2013, 06:56
Quoted from Aristotle SC Grail:

1) A pronoun refers to more than one noun

Sometimes, a sentence is structured in a way that a pronoun can refer to more than one noun, and as a result the reader is confused about the author‘s intentions.

Incorrect: John encouraged Jerry to start a pest control business because he felt that the residents of the city would be willing to pay for the same.
Who does ‗he‘ refer to, John or Jerry?

Correct: John encouraged Jerry to start a pest control business because John felt that the residents of the city would be willing to pay for the same.

Rgds,
TGC
_________________

Rgds,
TGC!
_____________________________________________________________________
I Assisted You => KUDOS Please
_____________________________________________________________________________

Moderator
Joined: 02 Jul 2012
Posts: 1223
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy
GMAT 1: 740 Q49 V42
GPA: 3.8
WE: Engineering (Energy and Utilities)

### Show Tags

05 May 2013, 07:01
Hmmm... Maybe an expert can throw some light....
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GMAT Reading Comprehension: 7 Most Common Passage Types

Re: John encouraged Jerry to start a pest control business   [#permalink] 05 May 2013, 07:01
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