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Johnson is on firm ground when he asserts that the early [#permalink]
17 Jul 2005, 20:14
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Johnson is on firm ground when he asserts that the early editors of Dickinsonâ€™s poetry often distorted her intentions. Yet Johnsonâ€™s own, more faithful, text is still guilty of its own forms of distortion. To standardize Dickinsonâ€™s often indecipherable handwritten punctuation by the use of the dash is to render permanent a casual mode of poetic phrasing that Dickinson surely never expected to see in print. It implies that Dickinson chose the dash as her typical mark of punctuation when, in fact, she apparently never made any definitive choice at all.
1. Which of the following best summarizes the authorâ€™s main point?
(A) Although Johnson is right in criticizing Dickinsonâ€™s early editors for their distortion of her work, his own text is guilty of equally serious distortions.
(B) Johnsonâ€™s use of the dash in his text of Dickinsonâ€™s poetry misleads readers about the poetâ€™s intentions.
(C) Because Dickinson never expected her poetry to be published, virtually any attempt at editing it must run counter to her intentions.
(D) Although Johnsonâ€™s attempt to produce a more faithful text of Dickinsonâ€™s poetry is well-meaning, his study of the material lacks sufficient thoroughness.
(E) Dickinsonâ€™s editors, including Johnson, have failed to deal adequately with the problem of deciphering Dickinsonâ€™s handwritten manuscripts.
In an experiment, two different types of recorded music were played for neonates in adjacent nurseries in a hospital. In nursery A, classical music was played; in nursery B, rock music was played. After two weeks, it was found that the babies in nursery A cried less, suffered fewer minor ailments, and gained more weight than did the babies in nursery B.
2. In evaluating the validity of the conclusion suggested by the experiment above, it would be most important to know which of the following?
(A) The musical preferences of the parents of the two groups of newborns
(B) Whether the newborns in both nurseries were equally healthy and happy at the start of the experiment
(C) Whether loud rock music can damage the hearing of newborns
(D) What the average weight of the neonates was before and after the experiment
(E) Whether the music was played in the nurseries at all times or only at certain times
Freudâ€™s theories of the workings of the mind, while brilliant for their day, were formulated before most of this centuryâ€™s great advances in neurophysiology and biochemistry. Today, we have a far deeper understanding of the biological components of thought, emotion, and behavior than was dreamed of eighty years ago. It would be foolish to continue parroting Freudâ€™s psychological theories as if these advances had never occurred.
3. It can be inferred from the passage above that the author would be most likely to favor
(A) the abandonment of most of Freudâ€™s theories
(B) a greater reliance on biological rather than psychological explanations of behavior
(C) a critical reexamination of Freudâ€™s place in the history of psychology
(D) a reexamination of Freudâ€™s theories in the light of contemporary biology
(E) increased financial support for studies in neurophysiology and biochemistry