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# Journal: In several physiological studies, subjects were

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Journal: In several physiological studies, subjects were [#permalink]

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15 Oct 2011, 04:38
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Journal: In several physiological studies, subjects were given statements to read that caused them to form new beliefs. Later, the subjects were told that the original statements were false. The studies report, however, that most subjects persevered in their newly acquired beliefs, even after being told that the original statements were false. This strongly suggests that humans continue to hold onto acquired beliefs even in the absence of any credible evidence to support them.

Which one of the following, if true, most undermines the journal's argument?

A) Regardless of the truth of what the subjects were later told, the beliefs based on the original statements were, for the most part, correct.
B) It is unrealistic to expect people to keep track of the original basis of their beliefs, and to revise a belief when its original basis is undercut.
C) The statements originally given to the subjects would be highly misleading even if true.
D) Most of the subjects had acquired confirmation of their newly acquired beliefs by the time they were told that original statements were false.
E) Most of the subjects were initially sceptical of the statements originally given to them.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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15 Oct 2011, 05:35
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D is the best option. The supposition "absence of credible evidence" is directly contested by D. If D were to be true, then the conclusion falls flat.
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15 Oct 2011, 17:40
IMO D
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16 Oct 2011, 01:09
+1 for D.

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16 Oct 2011, 13:33
D
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16 Oct 2011, 17:12
Option D
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18 Oct 2011, 04:45
+1 for D
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20 Oct 2011, 14:03
+1 D
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20 Oct 2011, 14:54
I picked D....DexDee explained it best.
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Re: Journal: In several physiological studies, subjects were [#permalink]

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22 Oct 2011, 00:55
+1 for D
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Re: Journal: In several physiological studies, subjects were [#permalink]

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22 Oct 2011, 07:37
GMATmission wrote:
Journal: In several physiological studies, subjects were given statements to read that caused them to form new beliefs. Later, the subjects were told that the original statements were false. The studies report, however, that most subjects persevered in their newly acquired beliefs, even after being told that the original statements were false. This strongly suggests that humans continue to hold onto acquired beliefs even in the absence of any credible evidence to support them.

Which one of the following, if true, most undermines the journal's argument?

A) Regardless of the truth of what the subjects were later told, the beliefs based on the original statements were, for the most part, correct.
B) It is unrealistic to expect people to keep track of the original basis of their beliefs, and to revise a belief when its original basis is undercut.
C) The statements originally given to the subjects would be highly misleading even if true.
D) Most of the subjects had acquired confirmation of their newly acquired beliefs by the time they were told that original statements were false.
E) Most of the subjects were initially sceptical of the statements originally given to them.

Good question -
Conclusion - humans continue to hold onto acquired beliefs even in the absence of any credible evidence to support them.
(A) - It does not whether believes were or not.
(B) - Does not matter if it is realistic or not. Irrelevant.
(C) - Irrelevant. It does not matter whether statements were irrelevant or not.
(D) - Correct. Initially people were made convinced about the newly acquired believes.
(E) - Same as (C)

(D) wins.
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Re: Journal: In several physiological studies, subjects were [#permalink]

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05 Nov 2011, 00:30
Quote:
Journal: In several physiological studies, subjects were given statements to read that caused them to form new beliefs. Later, the subjects were told that the original statements were false. The studies report, however, that most subjects persevered in their newly acquired beliefs, even after being told that the original statements were false. This strongly suggests that humans continue to hold onto acquired beliefs even in the absence of any credible evidence to support them.

It is quite tricky question

A) Regardless of the truth of what the subjects were later told, the beliefs based on the original statements were, for the most part, correct. => Strengthen
B) It is unrealistic to expect people to keep track of the original basis of their beliefs, and to revise a belief when its original basis is undercut.
C) The statements originally given to the subjects would be highly misleading even if true. => Strengthen
D) Most of the subjects had acquired confirmation of their newly acquired beliefs by the time they were told that original statements were false. => Subjects in experiment had confirmed new belief before the original statement is told false => Weaken the experiment's hypothesis. This one is correct
E) Most of the subjects were initially sceptical of the statements originally given to them. => Do not say anymore
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Re: Journal: In several physiological studies, subjects were [#permalink]

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06 Jan 2012, 22:48
+1 for D.If the subjects had acquired confirmation of their newly acquired beliefs that means they have evidence hence their belief cannot be changed.
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Re: Journal: In several physiological studies, subjects were [#permalink]

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07 Jan 2012, 06:19
D imo
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Re: Journal: In several physiological studies, subjects were [#permalink]

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15 Feb 2014, 16:36
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: Journal: In several physiological studies, subjects were [#permalink]

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15 Feb 2014, 21:03
I'll go with D.
The conclusion says that humans continue to stick to opinions without any evidence.This would be weakened if the option says people who were given the original statement had obtained confirmation/evidence in support of it before they were given the another statement.

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Re: Journal: In several physiological studies, subjects were [#permalink]

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23 Jan 2015, 14:13
I went for D, but could anyone tell me why A is wrong?
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Re: Journal: In several physiological studies, subjects were [#permalink]

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24 Apr 2017, 01:24
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Journal: In several physiological studies, subjects were   [#permalink] 24 Apr 2017, 01:24
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