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# Journalist: In physics journals, the number of articles reporting the

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Journalist: In physics journals, the number of articles reporting the [#permalink]

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09 Oct 2010, 02:59
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Journalist: In physics journals, the number of articles reporting the results of experiments involving particle accelerators was lower last year than it had been in previous years. Several of the particle accelerators at major research institutions were out of service the year before last for repairs, so it is likely that the low number of articles was due to the decline in availability of particle accelerators.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the journalist’s argument?

(A) Every article based on experiments with particle accelerators that was submitted for publication last year actually was published.
(B) The average time scientists must wait for access to a particle accelerator has declined over the last several years.
(C) The number of physics journals was the same last year as in previous years.
(D) Particle accelerators can be used for more than one group of experiments in any given year.
(E) Recent changes in the editorial policies of several physics journals have decreased the likelihood that articles concerning particle-accelerator research will be accepted for publication.

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[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by hazelnut on 12 Jul 2017, 08:29, edited 4 times in total.
Reformatted question

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Re: Journalist: In physics journals, the number of articles reporting the [#permalink]

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09 Oct 2010, 03:48
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ankitranjan wrote:
Journalist: In physics journals, the number of articles reporting the results of experiments involving particle
accelerators was lower last year than it had been in previous years. Several of the particle accelerators at major
research institutions were out of service the year before last for repairs, so it is likely that the low number of
articles was due to the decline in availability of particle accelerators.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the journalist’s argument?
(A) Every article based on experiments with particle accelerators that was submitted for publication last year
actually was published.
Neutral. This option neither strengthens or weakens.
(B) The average time scientists must wait for access to a particle accelerator has declined over the last
several years.
Possible candidate.
(C) The number of physics journals was the same last year as in previous years.
Out of scope. Does not talk about the articles about the experiments involving particle accelerator.
(D) Particle accelerators can be used for more than one group of experiments in any given year.
New information. Out of scope.
(E) Recent changes in the editorial policies of several physics journals have decreased the likelihood that
articles concerning particle-accelerator research will be accepted for publication.
Possible candidate.
OA will be given tomorrow.

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Narrowed down to B and E.

Option B: The average wait time has declined over the past several years but it does not reflect the availability of the particle accelerator. Also even if we assume that the decreased wait time means high availability there could be other reasons for the low number of articles published.

Option E: Brings in another angle to the argument by noting that the editorial policy change would reduce the number of articles accepted for publication. Even though "recent" is not clearly defined this option is the most promising one.

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Re: Journalist: In physics journals, the number of articles reporting the [#permalink]

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09 Oct 2010, 10:49
I narrowed it down to B and E.

Still confused...
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Re: Journalist: In physics journals, the number of articles reporting the [#permalink]

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09 Oct 2010, 10:51
My choice is E. OA plz

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Re: Journalist: In physics journals, the number of articles reporting the [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2010, 02:28
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Journalist: In physics journals, the number of articles reporting the results of experiments involving particle
accelerators was lower last year than it had been in previous years. Several of the particle accelerators at major
research institutions were out of service the year before last for repairs, so it is likely that the low number of
articles was due to the decline in availability of particle accelerators.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the journalist’s argument?
(A) Every article based on experiments with particle accelerators that was submitted for publication last year
actually was published.
(B) The average time scientists must wait for access to a particle accelerator has declined over the last
several years.
(C) The number of physics journals was the same last year as in previous years.
(D) Particle accelerators can be used for more than one group of experiments in any given year.
(E) Recent changes in the editorial policies of several physics journals have decreased the likelihood that
articles concerning particle-accelerator research will be accepted for publication.

This is a simple one and you should destroy these questions in less than 1 min and 30 secs.. Here,s how to do it.
By looking at the conclusion and the stem, it is evident that the question is CAUSE AND AFFECT reasoning + WEAKEN question.

So by mapping the conlusion we see that :
PED (decline in availability of particle accelerators) {CAUSE} ---------->>>> LNOA (low number of
articles) {EFFECT}

In these types of questions, following options are to be considered:
A. Find an alternate cause for the stated effect
B. Show that even when the cause occurs, the effect does not occur
C. Show that although the effect occurs, the cause did not occur
D. Show that the stated relationship is in fact reversed
E. Show a statistical problem exists with the data used to make the causal
statement

Mostly answer will be from the first 2 or the last option (which is tricky).
Coming back to the question, find any alternate cause for the stated effect in AC,s. E best explains an alternate cause.

(E) Recent changes in the editorial policies of several physics journals have decreased the likelihood that
articles concerning particle-accelerator research will be accepted for publication.

So, it was not due to the fact that we had less particle accelerators but because of change in
the policy that the number of artiles were decreased. Statement E clearly explain the alternate cause for the stated effect.

HENCE E. Hope it helps.

Any suggestions are welcomed.
-V

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Re: Journalist: In physics journals, the number of articles reporting the [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2010, 04:26
E it is...

I personally think that this question tried to induce confusion with the question stem asking to undermine the journalists' argument and not the conclusion itself. Had he asked to undermine the conclusion, the answer choice would be more easily identifiable. Because none of the other choices target any other part of the premise, it is easy to mark 'E' as the answer.

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Re: Journalist: In physics journals, the number of articles reporting the [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2010, 07:31
1
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ankitranjan wrote:
Journalist: In physics journals, the number of articles reporting the results of experiments involving particle
accelerators was lower last year than it had been in previous years. Several of the particle accelerators at major
research institutions were out of service the year before last for repairs, so it is likely that the low number of
articles was due to the decline in availability of particle accelerators.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the journalist’s argument?
(A) Every article based on experiments with particle accelerators that was submitted for publication last year actually was published. - Irrelevant.
(B) The average time scientists must wait for access to a particle accelerator has declined over the last several years. - doesnt address the conclusion.
(C) The number of physics journals was the same last year as in previous years. - Irrelevant
(D) Particle accelerators can be used for more than one group of experiments in any given year. irrelevant
(E) Recent changes in the editorial policies of several physics journals have decreased the likelihood that articles concerning particle-accelerator research will be accepted for publication. - Correct. This one will mean that there will be less articles on Particle accelerator.OA will be given tomorrow.

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Re: Journalist: In physics journals, the number of articles reporting the [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2010, 12:40
E sud be the ans.

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Re: Journalist: In physics journals, the number of articles reporting the [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2010, 12:42
perfect explanation

kudos

Thabk wrote:
ankitranjan wrote:
Journalist: In physics journals, the number of articles reporting the results of experiments involving particle
accelerators was lower last year than it had been in previous years. Several of the particle accelerators at major
research institutions were out of service the year before last for repairs, so it is likely that the low number of
articles was due to the decline in availability of particle accelerators.
Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the journalist’s argument?
(A) Every article based on experiments with particle accelerators that was submitted for publication last year actually was published. - Irrelevant.
(B) The average time scientists must wait for access to a particle accelerator has declined over the last several years. - doesnt address the conclusion.
(C) The number of physics journals was the same last year as in previous years. - Irrelevant
(D) Particle accelerators can be used for more than one group of experiments in any given year. irrelevant
(E) Recent changes in the editorial policies of several physics journals have decreased the likelihood that articles concerning particle-accelerator research will be accepted for publication. - Correct. This one will mean that there will be less articles on Particle accelerator.OA will be given tomorrow.

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Re: Journalist: In physics journals, the number of articles reporting the [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2010, 10:05
A- strengthen rather than weaken, eliminating another possible explanation for the lower articles.
B - Scientists are easier to access to particle accelerators - does not affect the argument
C - similar to A
D - Particle accelerators can be used for more than one group - does not affect the argument
E - another explanation for the lower articles - weaken the argument.

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Re: Journalist: In physics journals, the number of articles reporting the [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2010, 14:45
+1 E
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Re: Journalist: In physics journals, the number of articles reporting the [#permalink]

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03 Nov 2010, 02:05
Took me 2:36, but I finally chose E. I have GOT to stop second-guessing myself once I find a correct answer!
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Re: Journalist: In physics journals, the number of articles reporting the [#permalink]

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12 May 2011, 08:27
Journalist: In physics journals, the number of articles reporting the results of experiments involving particle accelerators was lower last year than it had been in previous years. Several of the particle accelerators at major research institutions were out of service the year before last for repairs, so it is likely that the low number of articles was due to the decline in availability of particle accelerators.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the journalist’s argument?

(A) Every article based on experiments with particle accelerators that was submitted for publication last year actually was published.
(B) The average time scientists must wait for access to a particle accelerator has declined over the last several years.
(C) The number of physics journals was the same last year as in previous years.
(D) Particle accelerators can be used for more than one group of experiments in any given year.
(E) Recent changes in the editorial policies of several physics journals have decreased the likelihood that articles concerning particle-accelerator research will be accepted for publication.
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Re: Journalist: In physics journals, the number of articles reporting the [#permalink]

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13 May 2011, 00:31
Its a clean E, giving an alternate cause for the decline in number of articles published.

time around 1 min.
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Re: Journalist: In physics journals, the number of articles reporting the [#permalink]

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20 Jul 2011, 22:10
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What's wrong with D.
Both D and E are equal contenders.Both of them are weakning the argument in their own ways
D is weakening the argument by stating that
"Although the effect occurs, the cause was not the reason for the occurence of the effect"

E is weakening the argument by stating that
"The stated cause was not the reason that the effect occured"

How do you break the tie between the two, as both of them qualify equally in weakening the argument.
I find D more appealing in that, E mentions the word recent, which may mean different for different people.
It may mean this year, or it may mean previous 5 years. Who knows ?

Somebody kindly enlighten.

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Re: Journalist: In physics journals, the number of articles reporting the [#permalink]

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20 Jul 2011, 22:27
2
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suyash wrote:
What's wrong with D.
Both D and E are equal contenders.Both of them are weakning the argument in their own ways
D is weakening the argument by stating that
"Although the effect occurs, the cause was not the reason for the occurence of the effect"

E is weakening the argument by stating that
"The stated cause was not the reason that the effect occured"

How do you break the tie between the two, as both of them qualify equally in weakening the argument.
I find D more appealing in that, E mentions the word recent, which may mean different for different people.
It may mean this year, or it may mean previous 5 years. Who knows ?

Somebody kindly enlighten.

My question, as well. I chose D. The argument says the number of accelerators is directly proportional to the number of articles. But what if you can just double up the groups of experiments on the available accelerators. Then you can produce the same or more output in terms of articles.

Looking back, E is, however, a very strong answer. And if I did the question again, the tie break would be the sheer strength of that answer.

I guess the simplest explanation is most likely the correct one. And I have a bad habit of skipping over the more straightforward answers, over thinking, and picking the wrong ones.
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Re: Journalist: In physics journals, the number of articles reporting the [#permalink]

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29 Aug 2011, 01:57
Clearly answer should be E as this provides alternate reason for decrease in reports
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Re: Journalist: In physics journals, the number of articles reporting the [#permalink]

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29 Aug 2011, 02:58
Clearly E as only that gives alternate reason.

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Re: Journalist: In physics journals, the number of articles reporting the [#permalink]

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29 Aug 2011, 19:09
700 level ?? mmmmmmmmm
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Re: Journalist: In physics journals, the number of articles reporting the [#permalink]

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30 Aug 2011, 23:56
+1 for E,but D also seems tempting as it implies that there was not actually any dearth of particle accelerators to do the experiment and publish the article thus there may be another reason for the low number of articles.

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Re: Journalist: In physics journals, the number of articles reporting the   [#permalink] 30 Aug 2011, 23:56

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