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# Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to

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Intern
Joined: 14 Oct 2015
Posts: 37
GMAT 1: 640 Q45 V33
Re: Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to [#permalink]

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27 Oct 2015, 16:46
Gogoplata wrote:
Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of
to confine them to a hotel.
(A) to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of to confine them to
(B) that would have allowed members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of confined to
(C) under which members of the jury are allowed to go home at the end of each day instead of confining
them in
(D) that would allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day rather than confinement in
(E) to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day rather than be confined to

E for several reasons.
An easy way to start is the use of rather/instead of. Rather is the obvious choice. This leaves D,E. E is correct (parallel structure, concise) for many reasons, while D is awkward and wordy.

PLEASE UNDERLINE THE SECTION THAT NEEDS TO BE CORRECTED
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Re: Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to [#permalink]

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27 Oct 2015, 18:55
was thinking between D and E...
saw the parallelism ''to go home'', ''to be confined''
so i chose E
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Re: Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to [#permalink]

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14 Nov 2015, 08:35
ak_idc wrote:
OA is E

OE:

In this sentence, members of the jury are presented with two options: they may (1) go home or (2) be confined to a hotel. The rejected motion would have allowed them to do the first rather than [to] suffer the second.
Members of the jury must be the logical subject of both options, and both must be expressed in parallel form, that is, as infinitive clauses. E, the best choice, observes these requirements. In A and C, the phrase members
of the jury is not the logical subject of the second option, to confine them or confining them, since jury members are not doing the confining. In B and D, confined and confinement are not infinitives and thus do not parallel to go in the first option.

Great explanation. Although I didn't got the right answer I realised that the subjet for the two actions: to go and to confine, must be the same.
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Re: Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to [#permalink]

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07 May 2016, 02:51
The problem is more to do with Active vs Passive structure. The second half of the sentence can only take passive structure. 'be confined'
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Re: Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to [#permalink]

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26 Oct 2016, 21:53
Correct Answer: E Selected Answer: D Parallelism; Logical predication The logic of this sentence has two possible options for the members of the jury: they can go home or be confined to a hotel. The first option is expressed using the infinitive to go home; the second option should use the parallel form (to understood) be confined. Since the members of the jury are not doing the confining themselves, the passive form must be used. The construction x instead of y, when x and y are infinitives, is clumsy; the idiomatic construction x rather than y is better here. Both constructions require x and y to be parallel.

A The passive form to be confined is required. To allow members of the jury … to confine them illogically indicates that the jurors are doing the confining.
B The infinitive form to be confined is required, rather than the past participle. The sentence is awkward and wordy.
C Members of the jury is the illogical object in confining them. Confining is not parallel to to go home.
D The noun confinement is not parallel to to go home.
E Correct. Be confined to uses the infinitive form just as to go home does; the to before be confined is understood and does not need to be repeated. The x rather than y construction is appropriately used in this sentence.
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Re: Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to [#permalink]

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11 Nov 2016, 10:30
Overall a tricky question. I was looking to change the meaning of the original sentence and make is direct, using action verbs, more clear. But after reading the explanation from the book and the posts in this website, I understand that the passive tone is something required for this senternce. Also, I learned that "x rather than y" is a preferred parallelism vs "x instead of y" .

Split1) Parallelism. "x instead of y" vs "x rather than y". The gmat prefers the use of "x rather than y". The difference between the two is that "x instead of y" = tangible things = noun. "x rather than y" = intangible = verbs. Also, does the original sentence intention is to keep a passive tone? I would say yes. Yet, I am curious whether we can change the meaning altogether to a more direct form if possible. I read that in this sentece the passive tone is preferred because "the members of the jury are not doing the confinement themselves" so a passive tone is required. A, B, C, and D are out.
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Re: Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to [#permalink]

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01 Dec 2016, 12:44
A general doubt::

Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of to confine them to a hotel.

(A) to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of to confine them to
(B) that would have allowed members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of confined to
(C) under which memebrs of the jury are allowed to go home at the end of each day instead of confining them in
(D) that would allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day rather than confinement in
(E) to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day rather than be confined to

I'm confused about B - is the usage of past perfect incorrect? There are two events occuring and the earlier one takes past perfect?. (B is incorrect as instead of is used)

In E -- how is (be confined parallel to go home??)
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Re: Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to [#permalink]

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04 Dec 2016, 23:13
I choose E based in Subjunctive Mood , apart from idiom... Experts please correct me if it does not comes under Subjunctive Mood and i did wrong analyses , because in whole discussion no body mentioned anything about the Subjunctive Mood ...
sayantanc2k
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Re: Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to [#permalink]

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06 Dec 2016, 04:31
1
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Expert's post
mbaprep2016 wrote:
I choose E based in Subjunctive Mood , apart from idiom... Experts please correct me if it does not comes under Subjunctive Mood and i did wrong analyses , because in whole discussion no body mentioned anything about the Subjunctive Mood ...
sayantanc2k

No, there is no subjunctive mood in option E - you are probably misguided because of "be confined". Here "be confimed" is not a verb in subjunctive mood. It is an infinitive in parallel with "go home" - "to" is outside the parrallel structure (X rather than Y) and hence covers both "go home" and "be confined".

..allowed memebers of the jury to (go home) rather than (be confined). X = "go home", Y = "be confined".
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Re: Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to [#permalink]

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06 Dec 2016, 12:05
sayantanc2k wrote:
mbaprep2016 wrote:
I choose E based in Subjunctive Mood , apart from idiom... Experts please correct me if it does not comes under Subjunctive Mood and i did wrong analyses , because in whole discussion no body mentioned anything about the Subjunctive Mood ...
sayantanc2k

No, there is no subjunctive mood in option E - you are probably misguided because of "be confined". Here "be confimed" is not a verb in subjunctive mood. It is an infinitive in parallel with "go home" - "to" is outside the parrallel structure (X rather than Y) and hence covers both "go home" and "be confined".

..allowed memebers of the jury to (go home) rather than (be confined). X = "go home", Y = "be confined".

thanks sayantanc2k .
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Re: Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to [#permalink]

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11 Jan 2017, 22:03
Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of to confine them to a hotel.

(A) to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of to confine them to - Parallelism issue
(B) that would have allowed members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of confined to - Parallelism issue
(C) under which members of the jury are allowed to go home at the end of each day instead of confining them in - Parallelism issue ; usage of present tense are is incorrect
(D) that would allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day rather than confinement in - Parallelism issue - to got home is not parallel to confinement
(E) to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day rather than be confined to- Correct

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Re: Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to [#permalink]

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09 Jul 2017, 21:03
nero44 wrote:
Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of to confine them to a hotel.

IN GMAT RATHER THAN USED BETWEEN TWO VERBS(ACTIONS, PHRASES), INSTEAD OF USED BETWEEN TWO NOUNS
so A,B and C can be eliminated .
Between D and E rather than confined to is better than confined in .

(A) to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of to confine them to -
(B) that would have allowed members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of confined to
(C) under which memebrs of the jury are allowed to go home at the end of each day instead of confining them in
(D) that would allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day rather than confinement in
(E) to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day rather than be confined to
Intern
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Re: Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to [#permalink]

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09 Jul 2017, 21:36
Use rather than when weighing alternatives and use Instead of in case of conditions.

nero44 wrote:
nice one guys, OA is E

I screwed this one up and took A because I was thinking:

to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of to confine them

verb paralellism

But x rather than y is better.
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Re: Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to [#permalink]

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09 Jul 2017, 23:33
aurobindomahanty wrote:
IN GMAT RATHER THAN USED BETWEEN TWO VERBS(ACTIONS, PHRASES), INSTEAD OF USED BETWEEN TWO NOUNS

Indeed, instead of is a preposition (after all, it ends with preposition of) and hence, must be followed by a Noun/Pronoun.

The tricky thing to remember is that Rather than is actually quite flexible and can also be followed by Noun.

For example, in the following sentence, rather than is followed by a noun (a type):

Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the Australian egg-laying mammals of today are a branch of the main stem of mammalian evolution rather than a type that developed independently from a common ancestor of mammals more than 220 million years ago.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses Instead of Vs Rather than, its application and examples in significant detail. If someone is interested, PM me your email-id; I can mail the corresponding section.
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Re: Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2017, 00:11
Antmavel wrote:
nero44 wrote:
nice one guys, OA is E

I screwed this one up and took A because I was thinking:

to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of to confine them

verb paralellism

But x rather than y is better.

did the same mistake

'Instead of ' is used to compare objects or nouns.
Eg. Instead of coffee, I prefer tea.
I would rather drink tea than coffee. Here, 'rather than' compares verb or activity.

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Re: Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2017, 00:15
ak_idc wrote:
Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of to confine them to a hotel.
(A) to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of to confine them to
(B) that would have allowed members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of confined to
(C) under which members of the jury are allowed to go home at the end of each day instead of confining
them in
(D) that would allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day rather than confinement in
(E) to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day rather than be confined to

I'm surprised this question stem did not use a text in the answer bulletin such

Judge Bonham denied a motion allowing members of the jury to go home at the end of each day rather than confining the members/them in a hotel.

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Re: Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to [#permalink]

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12 Nov 2017, 09:29
Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of to confine them to a hotel.

(A) to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day rather than be confined to
(B) that would allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day rather than be confined to
(C) to allow members of the jury going home at the end of each day rather than being confined to
(D) that would allow members of the jury going home at the end of each day rather than being confined to
(E) to allow members of the jury a homevisit at the end of each day instead of a confinment to
(F) allowing members of the jury to go home at the end of each day rather than be confined to
(G) ,allowing members of the jury to go home at the end of each day rather than be confined to

I am posting this modified version of an official GMAT question in order to discuss the questions that are bothering me and that nobody has answered in the former posts.

Firstly Ambiguity:
Is it 100% clear that the part to allow members of the jury to go home is the purpose of the motion, repectively what the motion was placed for?
What about the idea that the judge's purpose was to allow members of the jury to go home and therefore he denied the motion that demanded the opposit.
Certainly, we know from outside knowledge that jury has to decide unbiased from public's opinion and is "confined" in safety by default, so it would be strange posing a motion to confine them, but without that knowledge or in another context both meanings might be possible.

Secondly Infinitiv vs Gerund:
Allow usually demands a gerund instead of an Infinitive, but maybe, as to allow is no true verb, this is simply a wrong inference.

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Re: Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to [#permalink]

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13 Nov 2017, 10:00
Expert's post
Top Contributor
Let's first go through a bit of conceptual theory regarding the use verb+ing words.

1. Just because an ing is attached to a verb, it doesn't become a gerund. In fact, there are three forms of ing that one will come across in formal writing. The first is the present participle, (with or without a comma before). Such an Ing word is always a modifier and never a gerund.

Here in this example, the use of allowing without a comma modifies the motion in F and with a comma before in G modifies Judge Botham and his denial. In both cases, however, the present participle is a modifier.

2. To become a gerund the ing word must act as a noun and will mostly be either the subject or object of a clause. If it is a subject, it will most probably start a clause or at least be a part of a noun phrase that will in sum be the subject. What is more important is that such a word or phrase will be immediately followed by a verb to corroborate that what you have before is indeed a subject. In some cases, there will be possessive adjective before the ing word or an article acting as an adjective. Since possessives and adjective modify nouns, we can be sure that the following ing word must be a gerund.
Example
Being addicted to drinks has ruined many a person. 'Being addicted' is a gerund and a noun phrase followed by its verb 'has ruined'.
Exercising is a good discipline if done regularly -- Here exercising is a gerund with its verb 'is'
An ing gerund is a legal application in GMAT.
3. The third use of verb+ing is to use it as a part of a passive voice verb, considered legal in GMAT.
Example

He looked peeved when the inquiry committee was questioning him.

With this bit of theory in mind, one can find that the use of present participles is out of place in the context and hence wrong.

Now on to the official choices
Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of to confine them to a hotel.

(A) to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of to confine them to
(B) that would have allowed members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of confined to
(C) under which members of the jury are allowed to go home at the end of each day instead of confining them in
(D) that would allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day rather than confinement in
(E) to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day rather than be confined to

First of all, let's ruthlessly reject choices A, B, and C for using the unidiomatic 'instead of'.

Between D and E, the infinitive 'to allow' pointedly indicates that the motion, yet to be approved then, had a definite purpose inherent in it, while in D 'that would allow' is more indicative than intentional. Therefore, E is the best.
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Re: Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to   [#permalink] 13 Nov 2017, 10:00

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