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Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to

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Ambiguity and Infinitive vs Gerund [#permalink]

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New post 12 Nov 2017, 08:29
Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of to confine them to a hotel.

(A) to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day rather than be confined to
(B) that would allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day rather than be confined to
(C) to allow members of the jury going home at the end of each day rather than being confined to
(D) that would allow members of the jury going home at the end of each day rather than being confined to
(E) to allow members of the jury a homevisit at the end of each day instead of a confinment to
(F) allowing members of the jury to go home at the end of each day rather than be confined to
(G) ,allowing members of the jury to go home at the end of each day rather than be confined to

I am posting this modified version of an official GMAT question in order to discuss the questions that are bothering me and that nobody has answered in the former posts.

Firstly Ambiguity:
Is it 100% clear that the part to allow members of the jury to go home is the purpose of the motion, repectively what the motion was placed for?
What about the idea that the judge's purpose was to allow members of the jury to go home and therefore he denied the motion that demanded the opposit.
Certainly, we know from outside knowledge that jury has to decide unbiased from public's opinion and is "confined" in safety by default, so it would be strange posing a motion to confine them, but without that knowledge or in another context both meanings might be possible.

Secondly Infinitiv vs Gerund:
Allow usually demands a gerund instead of an Infinitive, but maybe, as to allow is no true verb, this is simply a wrong inference.

I am really tense to read your reasoning (or is it reading your reasoning).

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Re: Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to [#permalink]

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New post 13 Nov 2017, 09:00
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Let's first go through a bit of conceptual theory regarding the use verb+ing words.

1. Just because an ing is attached to a verb, it doesn't become a gerund. In fact, there are three forms of ing that one will come across in formal writing. The first is the present participle, (with or without a comma before). Such an Ing word is always a modifier and never a gerund.

Here in this example, the use of allowing without a comma modifies the motion in F and with a comma before in G modifies Judge Botham and his denial. In both cases, however, the present participle is a modifier.

2. To become a gerund the ing word must act as a noun and will mostly be either the subject or object of a clause. If it is a subject, it will most probably start a clause or at least be a part of a noun phrase that will in sum be the subject. What is more important is that such a word or phrase will be immediately followed by a verb to corroborate that what you have before is indeed a subject. In some cases, there will be possessive adjective before the ing word or an article acting as an adjective. Since possessives and adjective modify nouns, we can be sure that the following ing word must be a gerund.
Example
Being addicted to drinks has ruined many a person. 'Being addicted' is a gerund and a noun phrase followed by its verb 'has ruined'.
Exercising is a good discipline if done regularly -- Here exercising is a gerund with its verb 'is'
An ing gerund is a legal application in GMAT.
3. The third use of verb+ing is to use it as a part of a passive voice verb, considered legal in GMAT.
Example

He looked peeved when the inquiry committee was questioning him.

With this bit of theory in mind, one can find that the use of present participles is out of place in the context and hence wrong.

Now on to the official choices
Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of to confine them to a hotel.

(A) to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of to confine them to
(B) that would have allowed members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of confined to
(C) under which members of the jury are allowed to go home at the end of each day instead of confining them in
(D) that would allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day rather than confinement in
(E) to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day rather than be confined to

First of all, let's ruthlessly reject choices A, B, and C for using the unidiomatic 'instead of'.

Between D and E, the infinitive 'to allow' pointedly indicates that the motion, yet to be approved then, had a definite purpose inherent in it, while in D 'that would allow' is more indicative than intentional. Therefore, E is the best.
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Narendran 98845 44509

Kudos [?]: 8346 [0], given: 366

Re: Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to   [#permalink] 13 Nov 2017, 09:00

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