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# Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to go home a

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Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to go home a  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 06 Nov 2018, 03:35
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Question Stats:

62% (01:26) correct 38% (01:39) wrong based on 3189 sessions

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Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of to confine them to a hotel.

(A) to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of to confine them to

(B) that would have allowed members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of confined to

(C) under which members of the jury are allowed to go home at the end of each day instead of confining them in

(D) that would allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day rather than confinement in

(E) to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day rather than be confined to

Spoiler: :: OE
OG Verbal Review 2, SC#93

Parallelism; Logical predication

The logic of this sentence has two possible options for the members of the jury: they can go home or be confined to a hotel. The first option is expressed using the infinitive to go home; the second option should use the parallel form (to understood) be confined. Since the members of the jury are not doing the confining themselves, the passive form must be used. The construction x instead of y, when x and y are infinitives, is clumsy; the idiomatic construction x rather than y is better here. Both constructions require x and y to be parallel.

(A) The passive form to be confined is required. To allow members of the jury . . . to confne them illogically indicates that the jurors are doing the confining.
(B) The infinitive form to be confned is required, rather than the past participle. The sentence is awkward and wordy.
(C) Members of the jury is the illogical object in confning them. Confining is not parallel to to go home.
(D) The noun confinement is not parallel to to go home.
(E) Correct. Be confined to uses the infinitive form just as to go home does; the to before be confined is understood and does not need to be repeated. The x rather than y construction is appropriately used in this sentence.

Originally posted by nero44 on 12 Nov 2005, 07:13.
Last edited by Bunuel on 06 Nov 2018, 03:35, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to go home a  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 30 Dec 2019, 18:25
5
Top Contributor
5
Let's first go through a bit of conceptual theory regarding the use of verb+ing words.

1. Just because an 'ing' is attached to a verb, it doesn't become a gerund. In fact, there are three forms of ing that one will come across in formal writing. The first is the present participle, (with or without a comma before). Such an "ing" word is always a modifier and never a gerund.

Here in this example, the use of allowing without a comma before modifies the motion and with a comma before 'ing' word modifies Judge Botham and his denial. In both cases, however, the present participle is a modifier.

2. To become a gerund the 'ing' word must act as a noun and will mostly be either the subject or object of a clause. If it is a subject, it will most probably start a clause or at least be a part of a noun phrase that will in sum be the subject. What is more important is that such a word or phrase will be immediately followed by a verb to corroborate that what you have before is indeed a subject. In some cases, there will be possessive adjectives before 'the' ing word or an article acting as an adjective. Since possessives and adjectives modify nouns, we can be sure that the following 'ing' word must be a gerund.
Example
Being addicted to drinks has ruined many a person. 'Being addicted' is a gerund and a noun phrase followed by its verb 'has ruined'.
Exercising is a good discipline if done regularly -- Here exercising is a gerund with its verb 'is'
An 'ing' gerund is a legal application in GMAT.
3. The third use of verb+ing is to use it as a part of a passive voice verb, considered legal in GMAT.
Example

He looked peeved when the inquiry committee was questioning him.

With this bit of theory in mind, one can find that the use of present participles is out of place in the context and hence wrong.

Now on to the official choices
Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of to confine them to a hotel.

(A) to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of to confine them to
(B) that would have allowed members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of confined to
(C) under which members of the jury are allowed to go home at the end of each day instead of confining them in
(D) that would allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day rather than confinement in
(E) to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day rather than be confined to

First of all, let's ruthlessly reject choices A, B, and C for using the unidiomatic 'instead of'.

Between D and E, the infinitive 'to allow' pointedly indicates that the motion, yet to be approved then, had a definite purpose inherent in it, while in D 'that would allow' is more indicative than intentional. Therefore, E is the best.
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Originally posted by daagh on 13 Nov 2017, 09:00.
Last edited by daagh on 30 Dec 2019, 18:25, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to go home a  [#permalink]

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21 Aug 2009, 01:16
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3
186. Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of
to confine them to a hotel.
(A) to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of to confine them to

I think this suggests that the members of the jury confine themselves to a hotel, a fact that does not make any sense
notice that the parallelism is between go and confine so the sentence reads

members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of [members of the jury] to confine them to a hotel

(B) that would have allowed members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of confined to

I think you need passive voice here in confined to suggest that the members are confined. The sentence reads

a motion that would have allowed members of the jury to confined to ...

(C) under which members of the jury are allowed to go home at the end of each day instead of confining
them in

I'm not sure whether confine in is idiomatic. anyway to go home is not parallel to confining

(D) that would allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day rather than confinement in

note parallel structures to go home rather confinement

(E) to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day rather than be confined to

This answer choice maintains parallelism and properly uses passive voice so that the members are confined to a hotel.
##### General Discussion
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Re: Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to go home a  [#permalink]

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06 Sep 2006, 21:35
7
OA is E

OE:

In this sentence, members of the jury are presented with two options: they may (1) go home or (2) be confined to a hotel. The rejected motion would have allowed them to do the first rather than [to] suffer the second.
Members of the jury must be the logical subject of both options, and both must be expressed in parallel form, that is, as infinitive clauses. E, the best choice, observes these requirements. In A and C, the phrase members
of the jury is not the logical subject of the second option, to confine them or confining them, since jury members are not doing the confining. In B and D, confined and confinement are not infinitives and thus do not parallel to go in the first option.
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Re: Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to go home a  [#permalink]

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26 Jul 2007, 16:26
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1
I think the hardest part of this question is the parallelism. I initially start the parallelism with (to go home...). I guess the trick is to look how the second half starts and work backwards to see where the first one should start.

Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to
go home at the end of each day
rather than
be confined to a hotel
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Re: Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to go home a  [#permalink]

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01 Mar 2013, 04:28
5
ratinarace wrote:
Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of to confine them to a hotel.

(A) to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of to confine them to
(B) that would have allowed members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of confined to
(C) under which memebrs of the jury are allowed to go home at the end of each day instead of confining them in
(D) that would allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day rather than confinement in
(E) to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day rather than be confined to

can someone please explain A vs E??

There are lot of old posts discussing this question, but I think our community has evolved a lot since then ...

Hi ratinarace,

The first thing that differentiates E from A is the use of "rather than".

"rather than" expresses a preference, whereas "instead of" expresses replacement

Moreover the "of" in instead of is a preposition, so "instead of" should always be followed by a noun, whereas "rather than" is used to compare nouns and verbs, so you can use nouns and verbs after rather than. In GMAT 'rather than' construction is more likely to be correct. If at all you have to guess, then guess the one with rather than in it.

e.g.

I would prefer to go to school rather than sit idle at home

I wanted to play football instead of hockey.

In (E) "Judge Bonham" denied a motion that gives one activity preference over another.

Hope this helps,

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Re: Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to go home a  [#permalink]

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12 Nov 2005, 07:34
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Two idioms at play here: motion to... and rather than...

That leaves E.
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Re: Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to go home a  [#permalink]

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06 Dec 2016, 03:31
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mbaprep2016 wrote:
I choose E based in Subjunctive Mood , apart from idiom... Experts please correct me if it does not comes under Subjunctive Mood and i did wrong analyses , because in whole discussion no body mentioned anything about the Subjunctive Mood ...
sayantanc2k

No, there is no subjunctive mood in option E - you are probably misguided because of "be confined". Here "be confimed" is not a verb in subjunctive mood. It is an infinitive in parallel with "go home" - "to" is outside the parrallel structure (X rather than Y) and hence covers both "go home" and "be confined".

..allowed memebers of the jury to (go home) rather than (be confined). X = "go home", Y = "be confined".
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Re: Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to go home a  [#permalink]

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14 Nov 2010, 19:46
2
Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of to confine them to a hotel.
(A) to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of to confine them to
(B) that would have allowed members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of confined to
(C) under which members of the jury are allowed to go home at the end of each day instead of confining
them in
(D) that would allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day rather than confinement in
(E) to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day rather than be confined to

IMO

A - Wrong - Doesn't have parallel structure - X instead of Y. X - Members..To go home vs To confine them -
B - Wrong - no need of would . Also - this isn't parallel with comparative structure at the end
C - Wrong - under which - awkward
D - Wrong - no need of would . Also - this isn't parallel with comparative structure at the end
E - Right - Concise, parallel ( X rather than Y) - Members... To go home vs (to) be confined to hotel
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Re: Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to go home a  [#permalink]

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03 Nov 2009, 21:59
1
3
Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of
to confine them to a hotel.
(A) to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of to confine them to
(B) that would have allowed members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of confined to
(C) under which members of the jury are allowed to go home at the end of each day instead of confining
them in
(D) that would allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day rather than confinement in
(E) to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day rather than be confined to

E for several reasons.
An easy way to start is the use of rather/instead of. Rather is the obvious choice. This leaves D,E. E is correct (parallel structure, concise) for many reasons, while D is awkward and wordy.
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Re: Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to go home a  [#permalink]

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28 Feb 2013, 12:18
1
2
A - uses "instead of" which is used when one thing is replaced with a different one.

E - uses "rather than" which is used to show preference.
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Re: Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to go home a  [#permalink]

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09 Jul 2017, 22:33
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1
aurobindomahanty wrote:
IN GMAT RATHER THAN USED BETWEEN TWO VERBS(ACTIONS, PHRASES), INSTEAD OF USED BETWEEN TWO NOUNS

Indeed, instead of is a preposition (after all, it ends with preposition of) and hence, must be followed by a Noun/Pronoun.

The tricky thing to remember is that Rather than is actually quite flexible and can also be followed by Noun.

For example, in the following sentence, rather than is followed by a noun (a type):

Recently discovered fossil remains strongly suggest that the Australian egg-laying mammals of today are a branch of the main stem of mammalian evolution rather than a type that developed independently from a common ancestor of mammals more than 220 million years ago.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses Instead of Vs Rather than, its application and examples in significant detail. If someone is interested, PM me your email-id; I can mail the corresponding section.
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Re: Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to go home a  [#permalink]

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28 Feb 2013, 09:07
3
Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of to confine them to a hotel.

(A) to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of to confine them to
(B) that would have allowed members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of confined to
(C) under which memebrs of the jury are allowed to go home at the end of each day instead of confining them in
(D) that would allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day rather than confinement in
(E) to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day rather than be confined to

can someone please explain A vs E??

There are lot of old posts discussing this question, but I think our community has evolved a lot since then ...
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Re: Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to go home a  [#permalink]

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04 Dec 2016, 22:13
I choose E based in Subjunctive Mood , apart from idiom... Experts please correct me if it does not comes under Subjunctive Mood and i did wrong analyses , because in whole discussion no body mentioned anything about the Subjunctive Mood ...
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Re: Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to go home a  [#permalink]

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09 Jul 2017, 20:03
nero44 wrote:
Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of to confine them to a hotel.

IN GMAT RATHER THAN USED BETWEEN TWO VERBS(ACTIONS, PHRASES), INSTEAD OF USED BETWEEN TWO NOUNS
so A,B and C can be eliminated .
Between D and E rather than confined to is better than confined in .

(A) to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of to confine them to -
(B) that would have allowed members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of confined to
(C) under which memebrs of the jury are allowed to go home at the end of each day instead of confining them in
(D) that would allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day rather than confinement in
(E) to allow members of the jury to go home at the end of each day rather than be confined to
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Re: Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to go home a  [#permalink]

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09 Nov 2019, 09:47
Good evening,

even though I got this question right through mechanical POE, I am surprised that nobody in this thread talked about the difficulty in judging the meaning of the sentence.

I had a very hard time in deciding if this structure would represent the correct meaning. Isn't it very ambigous to write "The judge denied a law to allow"
Since I am not a native speaker this sentence immediately triggered my inner alarms and I thought this might be ruled out because of a meaning issue.

Does the "to allow" part only modifie the law? Because if you read the sentence it sounds like a contradiction.
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Re: Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to go home a  [#permalink]

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11 Nov 2019, 20:41
Why OPtion "B" is wrong
here we are talking of possibility in past [Would conditional ] should be there
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Re: Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to go home a  [#permalink]

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11 Nov 2019, 21:22
Akshay2402 wrote:
Why OPtion "B" is wrong

Hi Akshay, easy way to see option B, would be through the lens of parallelism.

Clearly the structure is:

...that would have allowed members of the jury to go home at the end of each day instead of confined to a hotel.

...that would have allowed members of the jury to <do something> instead of <something else>

So, we can deconstruct the sentence as:

...that would have allowed members of the jury to X instead of Y

After doing the above X-Y deconstruct, it is clear that the portion outside this X-Y deconstruct is:

...that would have allowed members of the jury to

Since this portion is outside this X-Y deconstruct, this portion is common to the X-Y deconstruct. This means that this common portion should individually make sense with X and with Y as well.

Let's see if that is happening in B:

i) Common portion with X:

...that would have allowed members of the jury to go home at the end of each day
- Seems fine.

ii) Common portion with Y:

...that would have allowed members of the jury to confined to a hotel.
- This is obviously incorrect. Hence, option B is incorrect.

At the very least, it should have been:
...that would have allowed members of the jury to be confined to a hotel.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses this XYZ Parallelism deconstruct, its application and examples in significant detail. If you or someone is interested, PM me your email-id; I can mail the corresponding section.
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Re: Judge Bonham denied a motion to allow members of the jury to go home a   [#permalink] 11 Nov 2019, 21:22