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# Judge Lois Forer's study asks why do some litigants have a

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Judge Lois Forer's study asks why do some litigants have a [#permalink]

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09 Nov 2009, 02:33
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1.Judge Lois Forer’s study asks why do some litigants have a preferred status over others in the use of a public resource, the courts, which in theory are available to all but in fact are unequally distributed among rich and poor.

(A) do some litigants have a preferred status over others in the use of a public resource, the courts, which in theory are available to all but in fact are unequally distributed among
(B) some litigants have a preferred status over others in the use of a public resource, the courts, which in theory are available to all but in fact are unequally distributed between
(C) do some litigants have a preferred status over another in the use of a public resource, the courts, in theory available to all but in fact are unequally distributed among
(D) some litigants have a preferred status to another in the use of a public resource, the courts, in theory available to all but in fact not equally distributed between
(E) does one litigant have a preferred status over the other in the use of a public resource, the courts, in theory available to all but in fact they are not equally distributed among
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by abhimahna on 07 Jul 2017, 04:28, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Judge Lois Forer's study asks why do some litigants have a [#permalink]

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09 Nov 2009, 03:00
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"asks" does not require "do" or "does". Eliminate A, C and E.

Between B and D, D contains two errors. "have a preferred status to another", here another cannot be used as a pronoun so it does not properly complete the comparison. Also "in theory" should contain a "which" before it because "which" will refer directly to the noun right before it, namely the courts.

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Re: Judge Lois Forer's study asks why do some litigants have a [#permalink]

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09 Nov 2009, 07:16
B for me too.
If you can please underline the parts, it is easier to read.

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Re: Judge Lois Forer's study asks why do some litigants have a [#permalink]

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19 Nov 2009, 09:49
It might be better to use spoiler instead of posting OA with problem.

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Re: Judge Lois Forer's study asks why do some litigants have a [#permalink]

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28 Nov 2009, 08:56
Yes, the correct answer is B. In this instance the word "do" is wordy and unecessary. This eliminates A, C, and D. Option E has the same problem, except that it contains "does." Also, for C and D, "litigants" (plural) does not match with "another" or "the other," both in the singular form.

We must also consider the words "among" and "between" in this sentence. The passage lists two groups: rich and poor. For two groups, we use "between." For more than two groups, we use "among."
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Re: Judge Lois Forer's study asks why do some litigants have a [#permalink]

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28 Nov 2009, 11:05
KocharRohit wrote:
1.Judge Lois Forer’s study asks why do some litigants have a preferred status over others in the use of a public resource, the courts, which in theory are available to all but in fact are unequally distributed among rich and poor.
(A) do some litigants have a preferred status over others in the use of a public resource, the courts, which in theory are available to all but in fact are unequally distributed among
(B) some litigants have a preferred status over others in the use of a public resource, the courts, which in theory are available to all but in fact are unequally distributed between
(C) do some litigants have a preferred status over another in the use of a public resource, the courts, in theory available to all but in fact are unequally distributed among
(D) some litigants have a preferred status to another in the use of a public resource, the courts, in theory available to all but in fact not equally distributed between（B）
(E) does one litigant have a preferred status over the other in the use of a public resource, the courts, in theory available to all but in fact they are not equally distributed among

I shortlisted D as answer but OA is B. All other can be eliminated becuase of among used in last...why is B OA?

That's really strange. I managed to narrow my answer choices to B and D because of "between" and "among"; however, I chose D because I know that the correct idiom is "prefer to", not "prefer over." I KNOW that there's an idiom "prefer x to y" so how come "prefer over" is appropriate here???? I've never come across "prefer over" until I saw this problem. Can anyone please explain?

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Re: Judge Lois Forer's study asks why do some litigants have a [#permalink]

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28 Nov 2009, 12:17
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IMO B

B - main verb is 'have' - have a status over another ..... preferred modifies status - it is not the main verb

D - main verb is preferred - preferred status to another (meaning changes as it says status is preferred to something else like prefer icecreams to chocolates) .... Actually meaning is some people have preferred status over others' (status).

Hope it helps in some way ..... i couldnot better explain than this....
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Re: Judge Lois Forer's study asks why do some litigants have a [#permalink]

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28 Nov 2009, 13:01
urchin wrote:
IMO B

B - main verb is 'have' - have a status over another ..... preferred modifies status - it is not the main verb

D - main verb is preferred - preferred status to another (meaning changes as it says status is preferred to something else like prefer icecreams to chocolates) .... Actually meaning is some people have preferred status over others' (status).

Hope it helps in some way ..... i couldnot better explain than this....

great catch! but let me just correct you on one point: BOTH B and D have "have" as the main verb. Option D doesn't have "preferred" as the main verb, but rather "have" once again. I think it's the fact that we're dealing with status requires "over"

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Re: Judge Lois Forer's study asks why do some litigants have a [#permalink]

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28 Nov 2009, 20:49
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I just wanted to say that in D 'preferred' takes place of main verb not 'have' and changes the meaning.

Hope u have got ur doubt cleared anyways.
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Re: Judge Lois Forer's study asks why do some litigants have a [#permalink]

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29 Nov 2009, 02:03
urchin wrote:
I just wanted to say that in D 'preferred' takes place of main verb not 'have' and changes the meaning.

Hope u have got ur doubt cleared anyways.

how can that be? isn't "preferred" an adjective modifying "status"? "preferred" is in the past participle. This is especially true when we have the article "a" right before "preferred." you can't have an article placed right before an action verb.

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Re: Judge Lois Forer's study asks why do some litigants have a [#permalink]

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29 Nov 2009, 11:23
Can I have the OA and the explanation please ?
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Re: Judge Lois Forer's study asks why do some litigants have a [#permalink]

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11 Dec 2010, 09:19
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Judge Lois Forer's study asks why do some litigants have a preferred status over others in the use of a public resource, the courts, which in theory are available to all but in fact are unequally distributed among rich and poor.

(A) do some litigants have a preferred status over others in the use of a public resource, the courts, which in theory are available to all but in fact are unequally distributed among

(B) some litigants have a preferred status over others in the use of a public resource, the courts, which in theory are available to all but in fact are unequally distributed between

(C) do some litigants have a preferred status over another in the use of a public resource, the courts, in theory available to all but in fact are unequally distributed among

(D) some litigants have a preferred status to another in the use of a public resource, the courts, in theory available to all but in fact not equally distributed between

(E) does one litigant have a preferred status over the other in the use of a public resource, the courts, in theory available to all but in fact they are not equally distributed among

I got this wrong as i did not understand the the role of 'do' here. Can some explain the reasoning when to avoid such mistakes.
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Last edited by souvik101990 on 11 Oct 2015, 23:20, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Judge Lois Forer's study asks why do some litigants have a [#permalink]

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11 Dec 2010, 09:44
+1 B

I think that "do" is used mainly when you make a question. In this case, it is not necessary.
However, you can choose "B" without considering that aspect.
A, C and E are out because "among" is wrong. The correct idiom when there are only two elements is "between....and....".
So, you have to choose only between B and D.
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Re: Judge Lois Forer's study asks why do some litigants have a [#permalink]

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11 Dec 2010, 10:08
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One small to Mr. Alit. By pre - empting the answer, it is not going to be interesting. I suggest that you float your question for a while and then come out with your reasoning. This will invite various dimensions and you will get deeper insight.

Coming to the passage, ‘why do’ or ‘why does’ is used in direct speech while the ‘do or does” will be dropped in reported or indirect speech. So we can drop A, C and E.

Another split is that we need to use ‘between’ because there are only two categories namely rich and poor. So choices using among rcan be eliminated. Between B and D, the decider is the user of the correct idiom, ‘status over’. ‘Status to’ is a wrong idiom . Hence D can be ignored, leaving only B as the royal answer.
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Re: Judge Lois Forer's study asks why do some litigants have a [#permalink]

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12 Dec 2010, 20:35
options A,D,E are eliminated because wrong usage of" between " and "among".

AMONG is used to compare more than 2 options.
BETWEEN is used to compare only 2 options.

rich and poor are only 2 items. so between is the right usage.

Between options B and D. B is the best answer.

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Re: Judge Lois Forer's study asks why do some litigants have a [#permalink]

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13 Dec 2010, 01:16
daagh wrote:
One small to Mr. Alit. By pre - empting the answer, it is not going to be interesting. I suggest that you float your question for a while and then come out with your reasoning. This will invite various dimensions and you will get deeper insight.

Coming to the passage, ‘why do’ or ‘why does’ is used in direct speech while the ‘do or does” will be dropped in reported or indirect speech. So we can drop A, C and E.

Another split is that we need to use ‘between’ because there are only two categories namely rich and poor. So choices using among rcan be eliminated. Between B and D, the decider is the user of the correct idiom, ‘status over’. ‘Status to’ is a wrong idiom . Hence D can be ignored, leaving only B as the royal answer.

Coming to the passage, ‘why do’ or ‘why does’ is used in direct speech while the ‘do or does” will be dropped in reported or indirect speech. So we can drop A, C and E.

Can you simplify the above with an explanation and example

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Re: Judge Lois Forer's study asks why do some litigants have a [#permalink]

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13 Dec 2010, 02:53
metallicafan wrote:
+1 B

I think that "do" is used mainly when you make a question. In this case, it is not necessary.
However, you can choose "B" without considering that aspect.
A, C and E are out because "among" is wrong. The correct idiom when there are only two elements is "between....and....".
So, you have to choose only between B and D.

So we can say "distributed among the rich."
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Re: Judge Lois Forer's study asks why do some litigants have a [#permalink]

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13 Dec 2010, 06:22
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Hirendhanak:

In direct speech:

Jack “hi, Jill, when do you plan to go up the hill?

In reported/indirect speech: Jack asks Jill when she plans to go up the hill.

Here the do has been removed and merged with the main verb as done in an affirmative statement.

Direct Speech:
Jack asked Jill “Hi, when does your mother think of going back to her house?
Reported / indirect speech:

Jack asked Jill when her mother thought of going back to her house.

There may be some exceptions, but by and large this is the general use of “do and does” in direct interrogative sentences.

For example, look at the following example which is just a reported speech and a statement.

He said that he always used to muse why do some people vote for corrupt parties. Here the use of the word do is a mistake. The correct form will be: He said that he always used to muse why some people vote/voted for corrupt parties.

Sorry, if I have dragged you too much
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Re: Judge Lois Forer's study asks why do some litigants have a [#permalink]

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13 Dec 2010, 07:10
mundasingh123 ; I can not get what you are trying to convey by asking others to confirm mine. II you feel otherwise, my dear Bro , pl let me know. I will at least learn from it and correct myself. Why don't you be specific pl? I will respect your views;
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Re: Judge Lois Forer's study asks why do some litigants have a [#permalink]

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13 Dec 2010, 07:17
daagh wrote:
mundasingh123 ; I can not get what you are trying to convey by asking others to confirm mine. II you feel otherwise, my dear Bro , pl let me know. I will at least learn from it and correct myself. Why don't you be specific pl? I will respect your views;

Hi thanks for the great post
I am not trying to convey anything.I just wanted to make sure i learnt and did the right things so that i dont get such a question wrong during an exam
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