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Jurist:A nation’s laws must be viewed as expressions of a moral code

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Jurist:A nation’s laws must be viewed as expressions of a moral code  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 10 Jul 2019, 04:28
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Jurist: A nation’s laws must be viewed as expressions of a moral code that transcends those laws and serves as a measure of their adequacy. Otherwise, a society can have no sound basis for preferring any given set of laws to all others. Thus, any moral prohibition against the violation of statutes must leave room for exceptions.

Which one of the following can be properly inferred from the jurist’s statements?

(A) Those who formulate statutes are not primarily concerned with morality when they do so.
(B) Sometimes criteria other than the criteria derived from a moral code should be used in choosing one set of laws over another.
(C) Unless it is legally forbidden ever to violate some moral rules, moral behavior and compliance with laws are indistinguishable.
(D) There is no statute that a nation’s citizens have a moral obligation to obey.
(E) A nation’s laws can sometimes come into conflict with the moral code they express.

Originally posted by aurobindomahanty on 29 Apr 2017, 05:49.
Last edited by gmat1393 on 10 Jul 2019, 04:28, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: Jurist:A nation’s laws must be viewed as expressions of a moral code  [#permalink]

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New post 17 May 2017, 05:17
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Options E - since there can be conflicts between a law and moral values, hence there should be exceptions made which accommodate these conflicts, as stated in the last line of the stimulus.
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Re: Jurist:A nation’s laws must be viewed as expressions of a moral code  [#permalink]

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New post 11 May 2018, 09:33
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I got answer to this question correct, option E but I'm not fully convinced with it. Can anyone elaborate on the answer choices?
Thanks.
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Re: Jurist:A nation’s laws must be viewed as expressions of a moral code  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Aug 2019, 00:01
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Hi folks,
From my understanding, Jurist says that laws must be treated as moral codes.
Since moral codes are something that are preferred/acceptable to the society, there will be less confusion among people when presented different laws, which could be seen as moral codes.
Now comes the most tricky part of the argument. “Thus, any moral prohibition against the violation of statutes must leave room for exceptions”.
Let’s think about Robin Hood. Stealing from riches and giving to poor. Stealing is wrong morally and in the eyes of law as well. But even then it does seem right and majority of the people do accept it exceptionally.
That’s what E is trying to say.

I could be wrong. I took 2:40 mins to get it right. It was not easy to comprehend the language (though I am still not sure, whether I understood it correctly). If anyone could help/guide me to comprehend such passages, that’d be great and I’d appreciate such help.

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Jurist:A nation’s laws must be viewed as expressions of a moral code  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Sep 2019, 14:08
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This is an inference question so let's break down the argument into premises to easily choose one of the options that can be inferred given the premises:

1ºPremise: laws -> expression of moral code that is more important than the laws
2ºPremise: moral code -> adequacy of laws
3ºPremise: moral code -> allows sound basis to choose a specific set of laws or others
4ºPremise: violation -> room for exceptions

Ok, so the argument is basically telling us that moral code should be over laws because this allows socities to flexibly choose their own set of laws and this also enables that any violation is subject to interpretation


(A) Those who formulate statutes are not primarily concerned with morality when they do so.

The argument doesn't say anything whether those who formulate statutes are concerned with morality or not. Incorrect

(B) Sometimes criteria other than the criteria derived frm a moral code should be used in choosing one set of laws over another.

It says that moral code should be the criteria and not just the set of laws. Incorrect

(C) Unless it is legally forbidden ever to violate some moral rules, moral behavior and compliance with laws are indistinguishable.

Out of scope. morality and compliance with laws are distinguishable (that's why they have room for exceptions). Incorrect

(D) There is no statute that a nation’s citizens have a moral obligation to obey.

We don't know that from the argument. It can be a yes or a no. Incorrect

(E) A nation’s laws can sometimes come into conflict with the moral code they express

This is our answer. Since moral code and laws are distinguishable., they can come into conflict sometimes. Correct

OPTION E
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Re: Jurist:A nation’s laws must be viewed as expressions of a moral code  [#permalink]

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New post 11 May 2018, 11:04
It's E.

E) A nation’s laws can sometimes come into conflict with the moral code they express.
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Re: Jurist:A nation’s laws must be viewed as expressions of a moral code  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jul 2019, 06:43
Although nation's law have some conflit but it removed as a exception so the option E is best option amoung others but not correct.

Pls give Kudos if agree, Pls suggest if any considers this reasoning wroung
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Re: Jurist:A nation’s laws must be viewed as expressions of a moral code  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jul 2019, 10:10
Hi, can someone explain why B is not a right answer? I narrowed the choices to B & E, but chose B
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Re: Jurist:A nation’s laws must be viewed as expressions of a moral code  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jul 2019, 10:18
Hi Abhishek31, passage telling that basic of nation is it's moral code. Also law creates exception in favor of moral code. I.e law could never deviate from moral code, which option b makes mistake off. Hope it helps. Pls kudos

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Re: Jurist:A nation’s laws must be viewed as expressions of a moral code  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jul 2019, 20:07
Dear experts, can you please help decode the problem? I even have hard time understanding the meaning of the conclusion. Thank you in advance!
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Re: Jurist:A nation’s laws must be viewed as expressions of a moral code  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Aug 2019, 23:16
aurobindomahanty wrote:
Jurist: A nation’s laws must be viewed as expressions of a moral code that transcends those laws and serves as a measure of their adequacy. Otherwise, a society can have no sound basis for preferring any given set of laws to all others. Thus, any moral prohibition against the violation of statutes must leave room for exceptions.

Which one of the following can be properly inferred from the jurist’s statements?

(A) Those who formulate statutes are not primarily concerned with morality when they do so.
(B) Sometimes criteria other than the criteria derived from a moral code should be used in choosing one set of laws over another.
(C) Unless it is legally forbidden ever to violate some moral rules, moral behavior and compliance with laws are indistinguishable.
(D) There is no statute that a nation’s citizens have a moral obligation to obey.
(E) A nation’s laws can sometimes come into conflict with the moral code they express.



Hi all,

Why is C incorrect? As I understand from the stimuli, almost all time (mentioned in the last sentence) moral behaviour and compliance with laws are indistinguishable because one relies on the other.

Thanks
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Re: Jurist:A nation’s laws must be viewed as expressions of a moral code   [#permalink] 07 Aug 2019, 23:16
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