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# Just because King Alfred occupied and fortified London in

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Manager
Joined: 16 Apr 2006
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Just because King Alfred occupied and fortified London in [#permalink]

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22 Jun 2006, 13:35
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Just because King Alfred occupied and fortified London in 886 did not mean that he also won the loyalty of its citizens: the invading Danes were well aware of this weakness and used it to their advantage in 893.

(A) Just because King Alfred occupied and fortified London in 886 did not mean that he
(B) The fact that King Alfred had occupied and fortified London in 886 did not mean that he had
(C) Just because King Alfred occupied and fortified London in 886, it did not mean he
(D) The fact that King Alfred occupied and fortified London in 886, it did not mean that he
(E) Just because King Alfred had occupied and fortified London in 886, it did not mean he

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22 Jun 2006, 13:45
Going on a limb for this...

(B) The fact that King Alfred had occupied and fortified London in 886 did not mean that he had

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Intern
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22 Jun 2006, 14:39
me too B.

the part of the sentence after the colon is in past tense. The part preceeding the colon should therefore be entirely in past perfect (to disambiguate the timing)

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Director
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22 Jun 2006, 15:05
^ B ^

I would eliminate C, D and E as they have "it". What "it" refers to ??

A is out because it doesn't have a subject. It is not a complete sentence.

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Intern
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22 Jun 2006, 18:44
selene wrote:
^ B ^

I would eliminate C, D and E as they have "it". What "it" refers to ??

A is out because it doesn't have a subject. It is not a complete sentence.

Can someone explain B, please....Looks like I was way off. Thanks.

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VP
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22 Jun 2006, 20:07
B it should be.
As said earlier, the non-underlined portion is in past tense so we need the same tense in the underlined portion.
Secondly ,Selene correctly pointed out the ambiguity of 'it' in C,D and E.

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Manager
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23 Jun 2006, 00:06
can any one point out when do u we use "it" idiomatically without worrying about the pronoun reference error..

for example : It is a nice day.

so only in present tense can we use it idiomatically or some other rule is there ?

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Intern
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23 Jun 2006, 00:11
Was pulled towards Option A initially, but will go with Option B.

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Manager
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23 Jun 2006, 02:24
we can see a colon(:) in the question.
a colon is used when both the scentences are independent,
when they are dependent and and depend on one another we use a semicolon(;)
hence,B is the only scentecne that satisfies this condition and hence the answer is B

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Senior Manager
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23 Jun 2006, 07:49
Hi Selene,
Can you explain further as to why you have rejected A. I'm not clear with it.

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Intern
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23 Jun 2006, 10:01
Beyondinfinity,

In expressions of time and weather antecedent of it is not given. Hope it is clear now.

e.g -- It is too hot today.
It is 2 o'clock

My choice - B

We use the past perfect tense for an action or situation that happened earlier, and the simple past tense for the action or situation that took place later. PAST PERFECT TENSE + SIMPLE PAST TENSE.

Here the 2nd clause denotes a more recent event - so use of past perfect is correct , hence option B.
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http://gmat-grammar.blogspot.com

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SVP
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23 Jun 2006, 10:11
Will go with B,

Only A and B stand out as "it" is incorrect here.
B is clear and uses the correct tense had

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Director
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23 Jun 2006, 16:01
zoom612 wrote:
Hi Selene,
Can you explain further as to why you have rejected A. I'm not clear with it.

Hi zoom612,

A hasn't got a subject, that's why I eliminated it :

"A) Just because King Alfred occupied and fortified London in 886 did not mean that he also won the loyalty of its citizens.."

Before "did" we need a subject. A looks like this :

Because Jane failed the exam didn't want to see me.

Who didn't want to see me?? We need a subject here. So this sentence, just like A, is an incomplete one.

Hope this helps..

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VP
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23 Jun 2006, 16:22
"just because" is kind of a disaster start to a sentence... not the kind of GMAT language, so B and D are left

In D first clause is not finishied...

B is my answer

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Director
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Re: sc-king [#permalink]

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23 Jun 2006, 18:01
beyondinfinity wrote:
Just because King Alfred occupied and fortified London in 886 did not mean that he also won the loyalty of its citizens: the invading Danes were well aware of this weakness and used it to their advantage in 893.

(A) Just because King Alfred occupied and fortified London in 886 did not mean that he
(B) The fact that King Alfred had occupied and fortified London in 886 did not mean that he had
(C) Just because King Alfred occupied and fortified London in 886, it did not mean he
(D) The fact that King Alfred occupied and fortified London in 886, it did not mean that he
(E) Just because King Alfred had occupied and fortified London in 886, it did not mean he

I picked A
But selene's explanation is good, didn't even realize that A is missing a subject!
_________________

I believe its yogurt!

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Re: sc-king   [#permalink] 23 Jun 2006, 18:01
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# Just because King Alfred occupied and fortified London in

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