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# Knowledge of the winter behaviour of emperor penguins has

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Knowledge of the winter behaviour of emperor penguins has [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2012, 11:01
2
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Question Stats:

52% (01:11) correct 48% (01:15) wrong based on 1632 sessions

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Knowledge of the winter behaviour of emperor penguins has been gained slowly because of high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, the fact of round-the-clock darkness and frequently sudden blizzards make the Antarctic habitats of the emperors dangerous places for humans in winter.

A. the fact of round-the-clock darkness and frequently sudden blizzards make
B. round-the-clock darkness, with frequently sudden blizzards, make
C. round-the-clock darkness, and frequent sudden blizzards make
D. the fact of round-the-clock darkness, with frequent sudden blizzards, making
E. round-the-clock darkness, and frequent sudden blizzards making
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Knowledge of the winter behaviour of emperor penguins has [#permalink]

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26 Feb 2014, 07:21
6
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Lets see
every one is confused with C and E

I'll remove the fluff and re read the sentence

C.) the knowledge [....] has been gained slowly because of x , y and z make...
C could be correct if it said because x, y, and z make
E.) the knowledge [.... ] has been gained slowly because of x, y and z making

becasue of x, y and z is complete we don't need a verb make instead we need a participial phrase making. Hence E is correct

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Re: Knowledge of the winter behaviour of emperor penguins has [#permalink]

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12 Mar 2016, 22:28
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Knowledge of the winter behaviour of emperor penguins has been gained slowly because of high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, the fact of round-the-clock darkness and frequently sudden blizzards make the Antarctic habitats of the emperors dangerous places for humans in winter.

This is the edited format; without editing, it will be pointless to attempt to solve the question without the edited version.
1. First, ‘'because of ' is a prepositional phrase. Hence, a verb would not suit the context. A and B are out.

2. On the contrary, because is a subordinate conjunction. A present participle such as ‘making’ would make the sentence verbless and a fragment. Therefore, D and E are out.

3. The remaining C is the final winner. The wrong combinations are highlighted below.

A. of high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, the fact of round-the-clock darkness and frequently sudden blizzards make
B. of high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, round-the-clock darkness, with frequently sudden blizzards, make
C. high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, round-the-clock darkness, and frequent sudden blizzards make -- correct

D. high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, the fact of round-the-clock darkness, with frequent sudden blizzards, making
E. high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, round-the-clock darkness, and frequent sudden blizzards making
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Re: Knowledge of the winter behaviour of emperor penguins has [#permalink]

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18 Aug 2016, 21:57
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A. of high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, the fact of round-the-clock darkness and frequently sudden blizzards makeof repeated twice
B. of high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, round-the-clock darkness, with frequently sudden blizzards, makeof repeated twice
C. high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, round-the-clock darkness, and frequent sudden blizzards makeCorrect
D. high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, the fact of round-the-clock darkness, with frequent sudden blizzards, makinglist of items - needs and rather than with
E. high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, round-the-clock darkness, and frequent sudden blizzards makingmaking is incorrect - needs a working verb

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Re: Knowledge of the winter behaviour of emperor penguins has [#permalink]

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27 Nov 2016, 12:29
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Expert's post
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Option E is correct. The structure of the sentence is as follows:
Knowledge has been gained slowly because of:
1. high winds
2. temperatures
3. darkness
and
4. blizzards

The present participle modifier "making the Antarctic habitats of the emperors dangerous places for humans in winter" modifies the 4th item (blizzards).

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Re: Knowledge of the winter behaviour of emperor penguins has [#permalink]

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03 Dec 2016, 11:18
2
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Expert's post
arunavamunshi1988 wrote:
I am still unsure why E is the correct ans. As per me option C should be the correct ans.

Two problems with C:

1. The meaning conveyed is problematic - the second clause (frequent sudden blizzards make...) does not have any relation to the first clause.

2. "And" is missing before "round-the-clock darkness" ("frequent sudden blizzards" is not a part of the list in this case).

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Re: Knowledge of the winter behaviour of emperor penguins has [#permalink]

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02 Dec 2012, 01:03
1
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Knowledge of the winter behaviour of emperor penguins has been gained slowly because of high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, the fact of round-the-clock darkness and frequently sudden blizzards make the Antarctic habitats of the emperors dangerous places for humans in winter.

A. of high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, the fact of round-the-clock darkness and frequently sudden blizzards make
B. of high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, round-the-clock darkness, with frequently sudden blizzards, make
C. high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, round-the-clock darkness, and frequent sudden blizzards make
D. high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, the fact of round-the-clock darkness, with frequent sudden blizzards, making
E. high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, round-the-clock darkness, and frequent sudden blizzards making

This is a list question. Knowledge of winter penguins has gained slowly because of X,Y and Z make blah blah. C wins

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Re: Knowledge of the winter behaviour of emperor penguins has [#permalink]

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02 Dec 2012, 07:13
1
KUDOS
tinashine20 wrote:
Knowledge of the winter behaviour of emperor penguins has been gained slowly because of high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, the fact of round-the-clock darkness and frequently sudden blizzards make the Antarctic habitats of the emperors dangerous places for humans in winter.

A. of high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, the fact of round-the-clock darkness and frequently sudden blizzards make
B. of high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, round-the-clock darkness, with frequently sudden blizzards, make
C. high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, round-the-clock darkness, and frequent sudden blizzards make
D. high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, the fact of round-the-clock darkness, with frequent sudden blizzards, making
E. high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, round-the-clock darkness, and frequent sudden blizzards making

First of all the original question has a minor error because the "of" before the underlines portion has been excluded. I believe it should be part of the underlined portion.

So the corrected version should look like,

Knowledge of the winter behaviour of emperor penguins has been gained slowly because of high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, the fact of round-the-clock darkness and frequently sudden blizzards make the Antarctic habitats of the emperors dangerous places for humans in winter.

A. of high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, the fact of round-the-clock darkness and frequently sudden blizzards make
B. of high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, round-the-clock darkness, with frequently sudden blizzards, make
C. high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, round-the-clock darkness, and frequent sudden blizzards make
D. high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, the fact of round-the-clock darkness, with frequent sudden blizzards, making
E. high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, round-the-clock darkness, and frequent sudden blizzards makin

The opening statement states that the "Knowledge of X has been gained slowly because of high winds, blah blah blah". So you mean to say that the knowledge has been gained slowly BECAUSE of high winds? This doesn't even make sense. The knowledge has been gained slowly because some factors make it hard for humans to stay in that region.

Therefore, A & B are out

No need to use the -ing verb form, we dont need to imply any progressive action. Moreover D states, "X,Y, the fact of Z" which is a parallelism error so D is out.
E has no parallelism issue but uses "making" vs "make" so that's out too.

In conclusion, if you eliminate the middlemen the correct sentence will look like this,

The knowledge of X has been gained slowly because A, B, C and D, make the habitats dangerous places for humans - A, B, C and D need to be parallel and follow the same form.

C fixes all the issues.

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Re: Knowledge of the winter behaviour of emperor penguins has [#permalink]

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18 Oct 2013, 10:29
1
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tinashine20 wrote:
Knowledge of the winter behaviour of emperor penguins has been gained slowly because of high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, the fact of round-the-clock darkness and frequently sudden blizzards make the Antarctic habitats of the emperors dangerous places for humans in winter.

A. of high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, the fact of round-the-clock darkness and frequently sudden blizzards make
B. of high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, round-the-clock darkness, with frequently sudden blizzards, make
C. high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, round-the-clock darkness, and frequent sudden blizzards make
D. high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, the fact of round-the-clock darkness, with frequent sudden blizzards, making
E. high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, round-the-clock darkness, and frequent sudden blizzards making

How can C be correct? Because of....make?
Doesn't make much sense to me.
Could someone please elaborate on this? I picked D cause transitive verb making had more sense.

Please let me know, will you?
Cheers
J:)

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Re: Knowledge of the winter behaviour of emperor penguins has [#permalink]

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18 Oct 2013, 11:09
1
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jlgdr wrote:
tinashine20 wrote:
Knowledge of the winter behaviour of emperor penguins has been gained slowly because of high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, the fact of round-the-clock darkness and frequently sudden blizzards make the Antarctic habitats of the emperors dangerous places for humans in winter.

A. of high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, the fact of round-the-clock darkness and frequently sudden blizzards make
B. of high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, round-the-clock darkness, with frequently sudden blizzards, make
C. high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, round-the-clock darkness, and frequent sudden blizzards make
D. high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, the fact of round-the-clock darkness, with frequent sudden blizzards, making
E. high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, round-the-clock darkness, and frequent sudden blizzards making

How can C be correct? Because of....make?
Doesn't make much sense to me.
Could someone please elaborate on this? I picked D cause transitive verb making had more sense.

Please let me know, will you?
Cheers
J:)

Kudos rain!

Hi,

C is right here because uses a list of reasons followed by verb "make" which is the right structure.

In D , the list of reasons is followed by a verbal starting with "making" which makes the part after "because" a fragment.
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Re: Knowledge of the winter behaviour of emperor penguins has [#permalink]

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25 Feb 2014, 17:56
1
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Hmm. Picked E and still confused why it's C.

"Because of...make" is weird to me. Making sounded better to me.
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Re: Knowledge of the winter behaviour of emperor penguins has [#permalink]

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25 Feb 2014, 20:45
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Shouldn't make be preceded by a which in C?
I somehow think E is correct.
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Re: Knowledge of the winter behaviour of emperor penguins has [#permalink]

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17 Aug 2016, 23:44
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Knowledge of the winter behaviour of emperor penguins has been gained slowly because of high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, the fact of round-the-clock darkness and frequently sudden blizzards make the Antarctic habitats of the emperors dangerous places for humans in winter.

Meaning of the sentence :-
Knowledge of the winter behavior of emperor penguins has been gained slowly for the reason that
high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, the fact of round-the-clock darkness and frequently sudden blizzards is making the Antarctic habitats of the emperors dangerous places for humans in winter.

Now "because of" needs noun and not a clause so "make" is out of the question

A. of high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, the fact of round-the-clock darkness and frequently sudden blizzards make
B. of high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, round-the-clock darkness, with frequently sudden blizzards, make
C. high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, round-the-clock darkness, and frequent sudden blizzards make

Between D & E.
Making is modifying only blizzard. D should be the correct one.

D. high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, the fact of round-the-clock darkness, with frequent sudden blizzards, making
E. high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, round-the-clock darkness, and frequent sudden blizzards making

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Re: Knowledge of the winter behaviour of emperor penguins has [#permalink]

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15 Nov 2016, 13:09
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For those struggling to see why the option is correct.

Knowledge... has been gained ....because of ....winds, [because of] temperatures ...., [because of] .... darkness, and [because] .... blizzards make the Antarctic habitats ...

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Re: Knowledge of the winter behaviour of emperor penguins has [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2012, 11:25
Knowledge of the winter behaviour of emperor penguins has been gained slowly because of high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, the fact of round-the-clock darkness and frequently sudden blizzards make the Antarctic habitats of the emperors dangerous places for humans in winter.

A. of high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, the fact of round-the-clock darkness and frequently sudden blizzards makeof repeated twice
B. of high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, round-the-clock darkness, with frequently sudden blizzards, makeof repeated twice
C. high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, round-the-clock darkness, and frequent sudden blizzards makeCorrect
D. high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, the fact of round-the-clock darkness, with frequent sudden blizzards, makinglist of items - needs and rather than with
E. high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, round-the-clock darkness, and frequent sudden blizzards makingmaking is incorrect - needs a working verb

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Re: Knowledge of the winter behaviour of emperor penguins has [#permalink]

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02 Dec 2012, 00:55
nanishora wrote:
Knowledge of the winter behaviour of emperor penguins has been gained slowly because of high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, the fact of round-the-clock darkness and frequently sudden blizzards make the Antarctic habitats of the emperors dangerous places for humans in winter.

A. of high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, the fact of round-the-clock darkness and frequently sudden blizzards makeof repeated twice
B. of high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, round-the-clock darkness, with frequently sudden blizzards, makeof repeated twice
C. high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, round-the-clock darkness, and frequent sudden blizzards makeCorrect
D. high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, the fact of round-the-clock darkness, with frequent sudden blizzards, makinglist of items - needs and rather than with
E. high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, round-the-clock darkness, and frequent sudden blizzards makingmaking is incorrect - needs a working verb

I have selected B option,,, In my opinion C has comma before ''And'',,,,,,,,,so I rejected it,,,,Plz correct me if I'm wrong,,,

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Re: Knowledge of the winter behaviour of emperor penguins has [#permalink]

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18 Mar 2014, 14:49
b2bt wrote:
Lets see
every one is confused with C and E

I'll remove the fluff and re read the sentence

C.) the knowledge [....] has been gained slowly because of x , y and z make...
C could be correct if it said because x, y, and z make
E.) the knowledge [.... ] has been gained slowly because of x, y and z making

becasue of x, y and z is complete we don't need a verb make instead we need a participial phrase making. Hence E is correct

I followed the same logic here as my buddy b2bt, but still people still sayin that answer is C

Could any experts please elaborate here

Cheers!
J

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Re: Knowledge of the winter behaviour of emperor penguins has [#permalink]

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28 May 2014, 02:55
Hey Thr!

I think we are missing out on the basic point!

The question has "of" underlined, and thus its "because A,B,C, and D, make" not "because of A,B,C, and D, making"..

TC!
-Piyush

jlgdr wrote:
b2bt wrote:
Lets see
every one is confused with C and E

I'll remove the fluff and re read the sentence

C.) the knowledge [....] has been gained slowly because of x , y and z make...
C could be correct if it said because x, y, and z make
E.) the knowledge [.... ] has been gained slowly because of x, y and z making

becasue of x, y and z is complete we don't need a verb make instead we need a participial phrase making. Hence E is correct

I followed the same logic here as my buddy b2bt, but still people still sayin that answer is C

Could any experts please elaborate here

Cheers!
J

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Re: Knowledge of the winter behaviour of emperor penguins has [#permalink]

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12 Mar 2016, 13:06
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Re: Knowledge of the winter behaviour of emperor penguins has [#permalink]

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13 Aug 2016, 12:41
Knowledge of the winter behaviour of emperor penguins has been gained slowly because of high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, the fact of round-the-clock darkness and frequently sudden blizzards make the Antarctic habitats of the emperors dangerous places for humans in winter.

A. of high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, the fact of round-the-clock darkness and frequently sudden blizzards make
B. of high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, round-the-clock darkness, with frequently sudden blizzards, make
C. high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, round-the-clock darkness, and frequent sudden blizzards make
D. high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, the fact of round-the-clock darkness, with frequent sudden blizzards, making
E. high winds, temperatures around minus 60 degrees Fahrenheit, round-the-clock darkness, and frequent sudden blizzards making

A and B has redundant of, so out,
and only C maintains the parallel structure format.

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Re: Knowledge of the winter behaviour of emperor penguins has   [#permalink] 13 Aug 2016, 12:41

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