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# Large banks, hedge funds and private investors hungry for

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Intern
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Large banks, hedge funds and private investors hungry for [#permalink]

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24 Apr 2012, 19:57
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Question Stats:

57% (02:22) correct 43% (01:21) wrong based on 297 sessions

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81. Large banks, hedge funds and private investors hungry for new and lucrative opportunities are bankrolling other people‘s lawsuits, pumping hundreds of millions of dollars for medical malpractice claims, divorcing battles and class actions against corporations
A. are bankrolling other people‘s lawsuits, pumping hundreds of millions of dollars for medical malpractice claims, divorcing battles and class actions against corporations
B. will bankroll other people‘s lawsuits, pump hundreds of millions of dollars into medical malpractice claims, divorce battles and class actions against corporations
C. are bankrolling other people‘s lawsuits, pumping hundreds of millions of dollars into medical malpractice claims, divorce battles and class actions against corporations
D. to bankroll other people‘s lawsuits, pumping hundreds of millions of dollars into medical malpractice claims, for divorce battles and class actions against corporations
E. are bankrolling other people‘s lawsuits, for pumping hundreds of millions of dollars into medical malpractice claims, for divorce battles and class actions against corporations
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
If you have any questions
New!
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Re: Large banks, hedge funds and private investors hungry for [#permalink]

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24 Apr 2012, 22:05
Large banks, hedge funds and private investors hungry for new and lucrative opportunities are bankrolling other people‘s lawsuits, pumping hundreds of millions of dollars for medical malpractice claims, divorcing battles and class actions against corporations
A. are bankrolling other people‘s lawsuits, pumping hundreds of millions of dollars for medical malpractice claims, divorcing battles and class actions against corporations
B. will bankroll other people‘s lawsuits, pump hundreds of millions of dollars into medical malpractice claims, divorce battles and class actions against corporations
C. are bankrolling other people‘s lawsuits, pumping hundreds of millions of dollars into medical malpractice claims, divorce battles and class actions against corporations
D. to bankroll other people‘s lawsuits, pumping hundreds of millions of dollars into medical malpractice claims, for divorce battles and class actions against corporations
E. are bankrolling other people‘s lawsuits, for pumping hundreds of millions of dollars into medical malpractice claims, for divorce battles and class actions against corporations
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Intern
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Re: Large banks, hedge funds and private investors hungry for [#permalink]

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25 Apr 2012, 08:09
Quote:
B. will bankroll other people‘s lawsuits, pump hundreds of millions of dollars into medical malpractice claims, divorce battles and class actions against corporations

I think problem in B is not will bankroll precisely its that if we use "will" here it applies to
will bankroll other people‘s lawsuits,
will pump hundreds of millions of dollars into medical malpractice claims,
will divorce battles
and
will class actions against corporations
and the above two in red are nonsensical...
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Re: Large banks, hedge funds and private investors hungry for [#permalink]

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26 Apr 2012, 11:22
Yeah I went for B but I should have known better
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Re: Large banks, hedge funds and private investors hungry for [#permalink]

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26 Apr 2012, 11:45
"pumping hundreds of millions of dollars into medical malpractice claims,
divorce battles and class actions against corporations"
is modifying how "bankrolling other people's lawsuits" which is not happening in B.
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Re: Large banks, hedge funds and private investors hungry for [#permalink]

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30 Apr 2012, 06:37
I could not understand the point that why we are not using 'providing'?
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Re: Large banks, hedge funds and private investors hungry for [#permalink]

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24 Sep 2013, 06:00
Good question. Answer is indeed C. Let me know if any one has troubles getting this.
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Re: Large banks, hedge funds and private investors hungry for [#permalink]

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24 Sep 2013, 11:01
Hi

"are bankrolling other people‘s lawsuits, pumping hundreds of millions of dollars into medical malpractice claims, divorce battles and class actions against corporations"

In C aren't we ignoring the parallelism ? pumping hundreds... divorce battles and class actions ...

Thanks
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Re: Large banks, hedge funds and private investors hungry for [#permalink]

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24 Sep 2013, 11:22
1
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ansh1980 wrote:
Hi

"are bankrolling other people‘s lawsuits, pumping hundreds of millions of dollars into medical malpractice claims, divorce battles and class actions against corporations"

In C aren't we ignoring the parallelism ? pumping hundreds... divorce battles and class actions ...

Thanks

Hi ansh1980

This question is NOT about parallelism problem, but rather about Modifier problem.

Large banks, hedge funds and private investors hungry for new and lucrative opportunities are bankrolling other people‘s lawsuits, pumping hundreds of millions of dollars for medical malpractice claims, divorcing battles and class actions against corporations

C) are bankrolling other people‘s lawsuits, pumping hundreds of millions of dollars into medical malpractice claims, divorce battles and class actions against corporations

The blue part is a main clause ==> X, Y and Z are bankrolling other people's lawsuits

The part beginning with "pumping....." is modifier <== Verb-ing mdofier + comma ==> modifies a preceding clause. This modifier provides the results of the action "bankrolling". The result is pumping hundreds of millions of dollars for A, B, and C.
A: medical malpractice claims
B: divorcing battles (divorcing is gerund form --> acts as a noun)
C: class actions against corporation.

Hope it helps.
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Re: Large banks, hedge funds and private investors hungry for [#permalink]

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24 Sep 2013, 11:24
1
KUDOS
ansh1980 wrote:
Hi

"are bankrolling other people‘s lawsuits, pumping hundreds of millions of dollars into medical malpractice claims, divorce battles and class actions against corporations"

In C aren't we ignoring the parallelism ? pumping hundreds... divorce battles and class actions ...

Thanks

Hi Ansh,

Meaning analysis:
Here large banks, hedge funds and private investors essentially are bankrolling(whatever that means) other people's lawsuits. This in turn is pumping hundreds of millions of 's into
-malpractice claims
-divorcing battles (a gerund which is also a noun)
-class actions against corporations.
(these options are parallel since they convey the same idea which is logically related and hence parallel; always remember, look for logical parallelism 1st-as in this case- before going to the structural //lism. GMAT often stumps with these scenarios.)

Option C is actually stating the same meaning and structure.

This meaning did not stand out clear to me by just analyzing the original sentence but going through the answer choices this stood out and made more sense.

Most of the times in GMAT the original sentence's meaning will be undoubtedly clear and will come out in open if analyzed correctly.

Hope it helps.

V
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Re: Large banks, hedge funds and private investors hungry for [#permalink]

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27 Dec 2013, 09:49
rajcools wrote:
Quote:
B. will bankroll other people‘s lawsuits, pump hundreds of millions of dollars into medical malpractice claims, divorce battles and class actions against corporations

I think problem in B is not will bankroll precisely its that if we use "will" here it applies to
will bankroll other people‘s lawsuits,
will pump hundreds of millions of dollars into medical malpractice claims,
will divorce battles
and
will class actions against corporations
and the above two in red are nonsensical...

I don't see why it is not a choice between the future tense (B) and the present continuous (C)

81. Large banks, hedge funds and private investors hungry for new and lucrative opportunities are bankrolling other people‘s lawsuits, pumping hundreds of millions of dollars for medical malpractice claims, divorcing battles and class actions against corporations
B. will bankroll other people‘s lawsuits, pump hundreds of millions of dollars into medical malpractice claims, divorce battles and class actions against corporations
C. are bankrolling other people‘s lawsuits, pumping hundreds of millions of dollars into medical malpractice claims, divorce battles and class actions against corporations

I read B to mean that "divorce battles" and "class actions against corporations" were nouns as part of the "pump hundreds of millions..." list after "medical malpractice claims".
will bankroll
will pump hundreds of millions of dollars into medical malpractice claims, divorce battles, and class actions against corporations

C seems to do the same thing except it uses the present continuous for the verbs.
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Re: Large banks, hedge funds and private investors hungry for [#permalink]

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27 Dec 2013, 10:33
1
KUDOS
TooLong150 wrote:
rajcools wrote:
Quote:
B. will bankroll other people‘s lawsuits, pump hundreds of millions of dollars into medical malpractice claims, divorce battles and class actions against corporations

I think problem in B is not will bankroll precisely its that if we use "will" here it applies to
will bankroll other people‘s lawsuits,
will pump hundreds of millions of dollars into medical malpractice claims,
will divorce battles
and
will class actions against corporations
and the above two in red are nonsensical...

I don't see why it is not a choice between the future tense (B) and the present continuous (C)

81. Large banks, hedge funds and private investors hungry for new and lucrative opportunities are bankrolling other people‘s lawsuits, pumping hundreds of millions of dollars for medical malpractice claims, divorcing battles and class actions against corporations
B. will bankroll other people‘s lawsuits, pump hundreds of millions of dollars into medical malpractice claims, divorce battles and class actions against corporations
C. are bankrolling other people‘s lawsuits, pumping hundreds of millions of dollars into medical malpractice claims, divorce battles and class actions against corporations

I read B to mean that "divorce battles" and "class actions against corporations" were nouns as part of the "pump hundreds of millions..." list after "medical malpractice claims".
will bankroll
will pump hundreds of millions of dollars into medical malpractice claims, divorce battles, and class actions against corporations

C seems to do the same thing except it uses the present continuous for the verbs.

Let's substitute option B in the given sentence and then break the construction

81. Large banks, hedge funds and private investors hungry for new and lucrative opportunities will bankroll other people‘s lawsuits, pump hundreds of millions of dollars into medical malpractice claims, divorce battles and class actions against corporations

Green - The list contains nouns
Pink - The list contains verb phrases
Blue - Prepositional phrases (which can be ignored, as these are fillers)

Issue : Splitting the parallels ...
Banks, funds and investors will bankroll other people's lawsuits (looks fine.)
Banks, funds and investors pump hundreds of millions of dollars into malpractice claims (looks fine.)
Banks, funds and investors divorce battles (Can Jane divorce Jack? Yes. Can Jane divorce battles? Absolutely not. Now, you see the issue here.)
Banks, funds and investors class actions against corporations (Jane's conduct classed her as a criminal ==> We are classifying Jane based on her conduct. So, even if class is viewed as a verb, what does 'class actions against corporations; mean?)

So, B is wrong.

Now read C. The meaning is clear which states that
Banks, funds and investors are bankrolling something, pumping hundreds of millions of dollars into medical malpractice claims, divorce battles and class actions against corporations

Verb-ing modifier is properly modifying the preceding clause. The noun phrases are parallel and the meaning is correct.

Hope this helps...
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Re: Large banks, hedge funds and private investors hungry for [#permalink]

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02 Jan 2015, 06:06
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Re: Large banks, hedge funds and private investors hungry for   [#permalink] 02 Jan 2015, 06:06
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