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# Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take

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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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17 Feb 2010, 13:49
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gurpreetsingh wrote:
IMO E

a and b not possible....wrongly used verb
between d n e....d not possible, is should be used instead of are

i m not sure about c but it lacks parallelism,

m quite weak in SC, so guys pls throw some input.

We have subject/verb agreement error (A), (C) and (D). Subject of the clause is "their compliance" - so verb should be in singular form; "protect" and "are protecting" are wrong

It leaves us with (B) and (E). Here the major problem is to choose the correct idiom: whether "laws requiring . . " or "laws to require . . ".

I consider "laws requiring" idiomatic and hence prefer (B).

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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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17 Feb 2010, 14:04
That is correct. singular noun compliance would need singlular verb protecting and not protect which eliminates
A and C

In D it says are protecting which again becomes plural and does not match with singular noun compliance

that leaves us with B and E

E means as if laws are reqd to for the devices and not for protecting turtle so the choice B

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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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28 Apr 2010, 16:12
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Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take some credit for the resurgence of the rare Kemp’s ridley turtle, saying that their compliance with laws requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect adult sea turtles.

(A) requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect
(B) requiring turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting
(C) that require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets protect
(D) to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets are protecting
(E) to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting
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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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29 Apr 2010, 12:58
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I also picked (C)...

the question that I have is whether it is "compliance with laws that is protecting sea turtles" or it is "laws protecting sea turtles"

Because if it is compliance with laws that is protecting sea turtles than the OA has to be (B).

Last week local shrimpers held......., saying that.....requiring......protecting - parallel

Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take some credit for the resurgence of the rare Kemp’s ridley turtle, saying that their compliance with laws requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect adult sea turtles.

(A) requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect
(B) requiring turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting
(C) that require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets protect
(D) to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets are protecting
(E) to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting

I would like to get some expert opinion on this.

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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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03 May 2010, 12:24
i also picked C initially but maybe its B due to the parallelism of "saying" "requiring" "protecting". Another way I look at it is that it is less wordy and less awkward than using 2 "that"s in the sentence...

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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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04 May 2010, 05:09
I think C is incorrect because the sentence uses a plural verb 'protect' with a singular subject ' compliance'.

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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2010, 06:20
Originally chosen C overlooking the subject-verb agreement.
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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2010, 08:32
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Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take some credit for the resurgence of the rare Kemp's ridley turtle, saying that their compliance with laws requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect adult sea turtles.

(A) requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect - 'protect' is wrong. 'compliance' protects or is protecting
(B) requiring turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting - saying, requiring, protecting
(C) that require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets protect - 'protect' is wrong. 'compliance' protects or is protecting
(D) to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets are protecting - 'compliance' is singular. Hence we need 'is protecting'...'are' is incorrect. 'to require' is incorrect here.
(E) to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting - 'to require' is incorrect here.

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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2010, 11:02
bigoyal wrote:
Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take some credit for the resurgence of the rare Kemp's ridley turtle, saying that their compliance with laws requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect adult sea turtles.

(A) requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect
(B) requiring turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting
(C) that require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets protect
(D) to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets are protecting
(E) to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting

subject is compliance -> singular -> eliminate A,C,D
choice is between requiring (B) or to require (D).
B is the right one as "compliance with laws to require ...." creates a run on the sentece....

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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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20 Jul 2010, 18:55
Many good comments above, but I don't think anyone pointed out that laws

"to require"

would be laws that are not yet implemented. So you can not be in compliance with laws that are not laws.

this eliminates D & E

Quote:
(D) to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets are protecting
(E) to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting

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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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02 Aug 2010, 05:27
But the idiom is either:
i) laws requiring X to Y
or
ii) laws requiring that X Y

I dont see how B matches this idiom
Could anybody clarify?
thanks.
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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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11 Aug 2010, 13:26
Last week local shrimpers held a conference..........saying that their compliance..............is protecting sea turtles.

that leaves B and E.

(E) "compliance with laws to require...........is protecting" --> is awkward

(B) "compliance with laws requiring...........is protecting" --> correct

B it is.

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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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20 Jan 2011, 06:03
Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to
take some credit for the resurgence of the rare
Kemp’s ridley turtle, saying that their compliance with
laws requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on
shrimp nets protect

(A) requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on
shrimp nets protect
(B) requiring turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets
is protecting
(C) that require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp
nets protect
(D) to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets
are protecting
(E) to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets
is protecting

Can someone explain this sc better
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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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20 Jan 2011, 09:27
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B. 'compliance' needs singular verb; 'laws to require' is unidiomatic

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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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26 Jan 2011, 14:06
ajit257 wrote:
Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to
take some credit for the resurgence of the rare
Kemp’s ridley turtle, saying that their compliance with
laws requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on
shrimp nets protect

(A) requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on
shrimp nets protect
(B) requiring turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets
is protecting
(C) that require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp
nets protect
(D) to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets
are protecting
(E) to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets
is protecting

Can someone explain this sc better

D and E are wrong because to is being used to convey purpose instead of being used to describe laws. So they're out.

Although, that require is used appropriately in C the idea that the shrimps are protected and continue tobe protected is not expressed in that answer choice. So C is out.

In A, requiring is properly used but what is expressed in that sentence is that the turtles are generally protected not that the turtle excluder is an effective device.

In B, requiring is appropriately used and the construction "devices on shrimp nets is protecting" clearly conveys that the device has been protecting and continues to protect the adult sea turtles. B is correct. IMO
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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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27 Jan 2011, 15:10
Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take some credit or the resurgence o the rare Kemp's ridley turtle, saying that their compliance with laws requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect adult sea turtles.
(a)
(b) requiring turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting
(c) that require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets protect
(d) to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets are protecting
(e) to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting

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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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02 Feb 2011, 08:21
Hello, this is my first attempt to participate in the disucssions of GMAT Club

As far as I remember, in case one speaks about legal matters (like "laws" or "bills") and we need to specify further their contents, one should use --ing form for this explanation. Therefore, I immediately eliminated variants E,D, and C. In variant B: wrong subject-verb agreement (comliance protect). Thus, A (with correct S-V agreement) is correct

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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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02 Feb 2011, 12:40
IMO B.

their Compliance {with laws ....} is protecting .... The noun, compliance, is singular.

Also requiring is correctly used here.

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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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21 Mar 2011, 20:37
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ajit257 wrote:
Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to
take some credit for the resurgence of the rare
Kemp’s ridley turtle, saying that their compliance with
laws requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on
shrimp nets protect

(A) requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on
shrimp nets protect
(B) requiring turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets
is protecting
(C) that require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp
nets protect
(D) to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets
are protecting
(E) to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets
is protecting

Can someone explain this sc better

"Laws to requiere" is unidiomatic, eliminate (D) and (E)

The noun phrase "their compliace" is the acting subject of the verb "to protect", therefore there must be a subject-verb agreement between them.

(A) Their compliance... protect // Their compliance is singular, protect is in the plural form, eliminate (A)
(B) Their compliance... is protecting // Both subject and verb are in singular form, (B) is the correct choice
(C) Their compliance... protect // Their compliance is singular, protect is in the plural form, eliminate (C)

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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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23 Mar 2011, 00:16
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garimavyas wrote:
ajit257 wrote:
Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to
take some credit for the resurgence of the rare
Kemp’s ridley turtle, saying that their compliance with
laws requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on
shrimp nets protect

(A) requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on
shrimp nets protect
(B) requiring turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets
is protecting

(C) that require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp
nets protect
(D) to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets
are protecting
(E) to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets
is protecting

Can someone explain this sc better

From my notes Hope it will be helpful.
Be sure to use ing form immediately after a legal noun used in objective case
Legal noun are law , ban , order, decree, contract , bill, Deed etc.
example :
GMAT enacted a ban prohibiting takers from posting live questions.

Ban is the object
However, if the legal noun is used as subject of the clause then it might be appropriate to use subjunctive form
The law requires that he perform well in GMAT.
Law is the subject
Let us consider the above problem
Laws is objective case and hence requires Ing form

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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take   [#permalink] 23 Mar 2011, 00:16

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