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# Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take

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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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25 May 2011, 21:34
compliance with + verb-ing is the correct usage.
B does the same.
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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2011, 17:10
I ruled out A,C,D due to subject verb disagreement between compliance and protect.
Rule out E because of subjunctive tense requiring X be form.

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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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23 Jul 2011, 10:11
Yippie! B!

A. Subjunctive error using that; missing helping verb
B. Correctly conveys the author's intent
C. Missing verb; and simple present tense error
D. E. verb "to" does not blend with the compliance
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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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02 Aug 2011, 22:53
MSC mentions that the verb "require" is a bossy verb that can use both subjunctives or infinitives. I guess the best answers should be

"Requiring that turtle-excluder be on shrimp nets protects" -> using subjunctives

or

"Requiring turtle-excluder to be on shrimp nets is protecting"-> Using infinitives
i see none of the two in the options.

A) requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimps nets protect (wrong as the verb should comply with the singular subject "compliance", hence should be protects)
B) requiring turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting (there is no infinitive , still considered the right answer)
C) that require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets protect(SUb-verb agreement again)
D) to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets are protecting(subject verb)
E) to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting( to require is awkward and unidiomatic)

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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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27 Sep 2011, 03:52
its B for me
their compliance ..........is protecting the turtles.
protect (plural) does not fit

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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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30 Sep 2011, 05:47
nevergiveup wrote:
Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take some credit for the resurgence of the rare Kemp's ridley turtle, saying that their compliance with laws requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect adult sea turtles.

A. requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect
B. requiring turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting
C. that require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets protect
D. to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets are protecting
E. to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting

Since compliance is Singular -> A, C, D are out
In E, "to require" is incorrect.

B should be the OA.
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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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30 Sep 2011, 08:41
bigoyal wrote:
Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take some credit for the resurgence of the rare Kemp's ridley turtle, saying that their compliance with laws requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect adult sea turtles.

(A) requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect
(B) requiring turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting
(C) that require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets protect
(D) to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets are protecting
(E) to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting

compliance is singular, so we singular subject
A - Incorrect - protect is plural
B - Correct
C - Incorrect - protect is plural
D - Incorrect - "are protecting" is plural
E - Incorrect - "to require" in not correct usage here. (we do not want the intent of laws)
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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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24 Oct 2011, 00:35
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x2suresh wrote:
eileen1017 wrote:
Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take some credit for the resurgence of the rare Kemp's ridley turtle, saying that their compliance with laws requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect adult sea turtles.

A. requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect
B. requiring turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting
C. that require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets protect
D. to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets are protecting
E. to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting

try to find the main subject and verb here..

Main subject : compliance

Sub- Verb Problem

A,C -- > are out.

D -->out

between B and E

"laws to require" is not idiomatic

B is better.

How to find if the subject is 'compliance' and not 'laws'.... Can someone please explain ? How to find the main subject and verb in a sentence ???

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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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29 Oct 2011, 02:55
nevergiveup wrote:
Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take some credit for the resurgence of the rare Kemp's ridley turtle, saying that their compliance with laws requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect adult sea turtles.

A. requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect
B. requiring turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting
C. that require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets protect
D. to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets are protecting
E. to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting

IMO B. Using a gerund suggests that you are referring to real activities or experiences. Requiring and Protecting are both correctly used in B.

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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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27 Apr 2012, 20:32
1
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Could you please elaborate the pointers for D??
with more examples?

Minheequang wrote:
Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take some credit for the resurgence of the rare Kemp's ridley turtle, saying that their compliance with laws requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect adult sea turtles.

A. requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect --> the whole modifier requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp is too wordy to modify for laws, single noun their compliance is not suitable with protect
B. requiring turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting -->the best: requiring turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is a more simple participle phrase modifier for laws than that of A. Besides, is protecting is compliant with their compliance
C. that require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets protect -->same error of A
D. to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets are protecting -->to + Inf here does not clearly modify for which Noun and betterly idiomatically modifies for another to + inf than a Noun. Also, are protecting is grammatical incorrect with their compliance
E. to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting -->same error of D

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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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30 Apr 2012, 01:24
Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take some credit for the resurgence of the rare Kemp's ridley turtle, saying that their compliance with laws requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect adult sea turtles.

A. requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect
B. requiring turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting
C. that require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets protect
D. to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets are protecting
E. to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting

Answer is B, since compliance is singular thus need protects not protect, the only option is either B or E. "laws to require" implies no laws yet will be in the future, which is wrong.

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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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23 Jul 2012, 01:57
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Baten80 wrote:
Still I do not understand the explanation.

noboru wrote:
noboru wrote:
But the idiom is either:
i) laws requiring X to Y
or
ii) laws requiring that X Y

I dont see how B matches this idiom
Could anybody clarify?
thanks.

nobody is going to clarify this?

Singular subject "compliance" and hence singular verb "is"...
So A, D, C out..

Down to B and E

Here the authot is discussing the content of the laws. While discussing the content of the laws, "laws to require" is unidiomatic. "Laws requring" is correct.
For eg: Laws to discorage people from poaching.................................. [correct as that is the laws intention]
Laws to specify the guidelines to prevent poaching..................[wrong as the law's intention was not to specify but to protect, here "specifying would be correct]

Hope this helped!

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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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18 Sep 2012, 08:06
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"laws to require..." isn't a correct idiom if you're discussing the actual text of the laws themselves. if you were discussing the ultimate purpose of those laws, then this could be idiomatic.
examples:
laws specifying long jail sentences for drunk drivers --> correct (___ing), since that's what the laws actually specify.
laws to specify long jail sentences for drunk drivers --> incorrect (that's not the ultimate purpose of the laws)
laws to discourage drunk driving --> correct (this IS actually the ultimate purpose of the laws)

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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2012, 11:08
Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take some credit for the resurgence of the rare Kemp's ridley turtle, saying that their compliance with laws requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect adult sea turtles.

A. requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect
B. requiring turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting
C. that require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets protect
D. to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets are protecting
E. to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting
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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2012, 11:15
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souvik101990 wrote:
Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take some credit for the resurgence of the rare Kemp's ridley turtle, saying that their compliance with laws requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect adult sea turtles.

A. requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect sentence fragment
B. requiring turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting
C. that require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets protect
D. to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets are protecting
E. to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting

The best way to solve is look for subject-verb agreement. complaince should have singular verb thus we have only b and e left. E makes no sense as the use of infinitive is wrong. Thus B must be the answer

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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2012, 11:27
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Concept tested: SV agreement, Meaning.
Difficulty level: High
Illustration:
This question tests a very important aspect of meaning. First, we know
that the main verb in the underlined portion “protect” is wrong as the main
subject “compliance is singular. (Note that protect is not being used as a command
subjunctive in A. “be” is used as the command subjunctive).

According to this logic, A and C are wrong.
Now among B, D and E, “to require” indicates purpose of the law which is not the intended meaning
(please refer to the tip below). So, D and E are incorrect.

Tip: “Laws to require” indicates purpose of the law, but “laws requiring indicates
contents of the law. While this might sound very obvious to natives, but non natives
might have to struggle to get this clearly. Consider the following examples.
1.Arms act is passed to discourage random public shootings. Correct
2.Arms act is passed to levy heavy fines on people who carry unlicensed
firearm. Wrong.

2 is wrong because the arms act is not issued to levy fines. It is issued to prevent
something by levying fines. So the correct option is B.

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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2012, 00:46
Concept tested: SV agreement, Meaning.
Difficulty level: High
Illustration:
This question tests a very important aspect of meaning. First, we know
that the main verb in the underlined portion “protect” is wrong as the main
subject “compliance is singular. (Note that protect is not being used as a command
subjunctive in A. “be” is used as the command subjunctive).

According to this logic, A and C are wrong.
Now among B, D and E, “to require” indicates purpose of the law which is not the intended meaning
(please refer to the tip below). So, D and E are incorrect.

Tip: “Laws to require” indicates purpose of the law, but “laws requiring indicates
contents of the law. While this might sound very obvious to natives, but non natives
might have to struggle to get this clearly. Consider the following examples.
1.Arms act is passed to discourage random public shootings. Correct
2.Arms act is passed to levy heavy fines on people who carry unlicensed
firearm. Wrong.

2 is wrong because the arms act is not issued to levy fines. It is issued to prevent
something by levying fines. So the correct option is B.

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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2012, 09:23
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Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take some credit for the resurgence of the rare Kemp's ridley turtle, saying that their compliance with laws requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect adult sea turtles.

A. requiring that turtle-excluder devices be on shrimp nets protect
B. requiring turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting
C. that require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets protect
D. to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets are protecting
E. to require turtle-excluder devices on shrimp nets is protecting

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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2012, 04:36
I did not find any post on parallelism. Infact using it we can just eliminate 3 options in seconds....
Parallelism contains a list that talk about the central idea.. here the central idea is law ....... Requiring and protecting are two items on the list that talks about LAW hence they both should be parallel.
C can be eliminated basis on subject verb as compliance is singular noun and protect is plural verb.....
B remains and is the answer.
However i have doubt that whether Law that require is idiomatic or not..

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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take [#permalink]

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17 Dec 2012, 09:39
Here is another view

Laws to require is used when your purpose is to saying the aim of the law.
Laws requiring is used when you are explaining a law.
In this context , ......their compliance with laws requiring turtle-excluder devices.....is protecting. They are using the explanation of the law. Eliminate D,E

laws requiring drivers not to pass speed limit. This is actual text of laws.
Laws to ban smoke in public places . This is the actual purpose of the laws.
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Re: Last week local shrimpers held a news conference to take   [#permalink] 17 Dec 2012, 09:39

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