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Last year, Energy Corp's oil sales increased suddenly in the region of

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Last year, Energy Corp's oil sales increased suddenly in the region of  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Aug 2019, 02:12
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Last year, Energy Corp's oil sales increased suddenly in the region of lower Ossamia. The Chief Financial Officer of the company explained this increase as the result of industrialization in the developing Ossamian nation of Kokua. He predicts that, consequently, trade made possible by industrialization will grow between Kokua and its Ossamian neighbors this year, leading to further increases in Energy Corp sales in the region.

Each of the following, if true, provides some support for the CFO's prediction described above EXCEPT:

A. Although non-Ossamian countries have a military and trade presence in Ossamia, their oil sales last year in the region were not significantly above normal levels.

B. Mines accessing Kokua's rich natural resources were put into operation for the first time last year.

C. Each of the Ossamian countries currently have few restrictions in place on the business that can be done with its neighboring countries.

D. One of Energy Corp's primary competitors had a tanker accident early last year that caused environmental damage in Ossamia and damaged the company's standing in the area.

E. One of Ossamia's neighbors, a developing nation, has a growing population with a reasonable amount of disposable wealth.


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Re: Last year, Energy Corp's oil sales increased suddenly in the region of  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Aug 2019, 04:38
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Bunuel wrote:
Last year, Energy Corp's oil sales increased suddenly in the region of lower Ossamia. The Chief Financial Officer of the company explained this increase as the result of industrialization in the developing Ossamian nation of Kokua. He predicts that, consequently, trade made possible by industrialization will grow between Kokua and its Ossamian neighbors this year, leading to further increases in Energy Corp sales in the region.

Each of the following, if true, provides some support for the CFO's prediction described above EXCEPT:


Break it down: Industrialization/Trade -> Sales Increase

Prethink: (Not the most efficient to do with EXCEPT questions)


A. Although non-Ossamian countries have a military and trade presence in Ossamia, their oil sales last year in the region were not significantly above normal levels.
Looks good.

B. Mines accessing Kokua's rich natural resources were put into operation for the first time last year.

Mild strengthener.. If they were put into operations, it's possible that this increased sales.

C. Each of the Ossamian countries currently have few restrictions in place on the business that can be done with its neighboring countries.

Mild strengthener.. If there are few restrictions, this is a good environment for the trade to prosper.

D. One of Energy Corp's primary competitors had a tanker accident early last year that caused environmental damage in Ossamia and damaged the company's standing in the area.

Strengthener. If the competitor had an accident, and its sales took a hit, then those sales could definitely have shifted to energy corp.


E. One of Ossamia's neighbors, a developing nation, has a growing population with a reasonable amount of disposable wealth.

Strengthener. Growing, wealthy, population could definitely be a reason for increased sales.
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Re: Last year, Energy Corp's oil sales increased suddenly in the region of  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Aug 2019, 07:24
[quote="Bunuel"]Last year, Energy Corp's oil sales increased suddenly in the region of lower Ossamia. The Chief Financial Officer of the company explained this increase as the result of industrialization in the developing Ossamian nation of Kokua. He predicts that, consequently, trade made possible by industrialization will grow between Kokua and its Ossamian neighbors this year, leading to further increases in Energy Corp sales in the region.

Each of the following, if true, provides some support for the CFO's prediction described above EXCEPT:(WE NEED TO LOOK FOR SOMETHING THAT WEAKENS OR IS NEUTRAL TO ARGUMENT)

A. Although non-Ossamian countries have a military and trade presence in Ossamia, their oil sales last year in the region were not significantly above normal levels. -sales were not above normal levels ohkay but as mentioned by company it will eventually go up and the co. already mentioned that the increase is as the result of industrialization in the developing Ossamian nation of Kokua.


B. Mines accessing Kokua's rich natural resources were put into operation for the first time last year.
YEAH SO EVENTUALLY CO. WILL USE THESE RESOURCES SO IT SUPPORTS THE CLAIM

C. Each of the Ossamian countries currently have few restrictions in place on the business that can be done with its neighboring countries.YEAH SO EVENTUALLY RESTRICTIONS WILL GO AWAY

D. One of Energy Corp's primary competitors had a tanker accident early last year that caused environmental damage in Ossamia and damaged the company's standing in the area.
THIS IS TRYING TO DESTROY THE COMPANY'S STAND . THE ACCIDENT HAS NO CONNECTION WITH THE CLAIM THAT EVENTUALLY IT WILL GROW .

E. One of Ossamia's neighbors, a developing nation, has a growing population with a reasonable amount of disposable wealth. YEAH SO THATS GOOD THEY TOO CAN INVEST IN FUTURE .


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Re: Last year, Energy Corp's oil sales increased suddenly in the region of  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Aug 2019, 22:51
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gmatway wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
Last year, Energy Corp's oil sales increased suddenly in the region of lower Ossamia. The Chief Financial Officer of the company explained this increase as the result of industrialization in the developing Ossamian nation of Kokua. He predicts that, consequently, trade made possible by industrialization will grow between Kokua and its Ossamian neighbors this year, leading to further increases in Energy Corp sales in the region.

Each of the following, if true, provides some support for the CFO's prediction described above EXCEPT:(WE NEED TO LOOK FOR SOMETHING THAT WEAKENS OR IS NEUTRAL TO ARGUMENT)

A. Although non-Ossamian countries have a military and trade presence in Ossamia, their oil sales last year in the region were not significantly above normal levels. -sales were not above normal levels ohkay but as mentioned by company it will eventually go up and the co. already mentioned that the increase is as the result of industrialization in the developing Ossamian nation of Kokua.


B. Mines accessing Kokua's rich natural resources were put into operation for the first time last year.
YEAH SO EVENTUALLY CO. WILL USE THESE RESOURCES SO IT SUPPORTS THE CLAIM

C. Each of the Ossamian countries currently have few restrictions in place on the business that can be done with its neighboring countries.YEAH SO EVENTUALLY RESTRICTIONS WILL GO AWAY

D. One of Energy Corp's primary competitors had a tanker accident early last year that caused environmental damage in Ossamia and damaged the company's standing in the area.
THIS IS TRYING TO DESTROY THE COMPANY'S STAND . THE ACCIDENT HAS NO CONNECTION WITH THE CLAIM THAT EVENTUALLY IT WILL GROW .

E. One of Ossamia's neighbors, a developing nation, has a growing population with a reasonable amount of disposable wealth. YEAH SO THATS GOOD THEY TOO CAN INVEST IN FUTURE .


IMO D


D is talking about company's competitor
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Re: Last year, Energy Corp's oil sales increased suddenly in the region of  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Aug 2019, 00:42
Bunuel wrote:
Last year, Energy Corp's oil sales increased suddenly in the region of lower Ossamia. The Chief Financial Officer of the company explained this increase as the result of industrialization in the developing Ossamian nation of Kokua. He predicts that, consequently, trade made possible by industrialization will grow between Kokua and its Ossamian neighbors this year, leading to further increases in Energy Corp sales in the region.

Each of the following, if true, provides some support for the CFO's prediction described above EXCEPT:

A. Although non-Ossamian countries have a military and trade presence in Ossamia, their oil sales last year in the region were not significantly above normal levels.

B. Mines accessing Kokua's rich natural resources were put into operation for the first time last year.

C. Each of the Ossamian countries currently have few restrictions in place on the business that can be done with its neighboring countries.

D. One of Energy Corp's primary competitors had a tanker accident early last year that caused environmental damage in Ossamia and damaged the company's standing in the area.

E. One of Ossamia's neighbors, a developing nation, has a growing population with a reasonable amount of disposable wealth.


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Official Explanation



Reading the question: we review the prompt, which contains a causal argument and also a prediction. The easiest thing to do will be to strengthen and/or weaken the prediction using the most common error of causation, introducing a new, real, cause. The question is whether X really causes Y, where X is industrialization in the country and Y is an increase in oil sales.

Applying the filter: (A) doesn't even concern the relevant countries, so it's not a strengthener and may be the correct answer. Choice (B) sounds like industrialization, which would make it a mild strengthener as the cause of oil sales, and hence not the answer. Choice (C) is a mild strengthener--few restrictions will allow oil sales to grow freely. Choice (D) is a strengthener, because it will help establish that Energy Corp and not its competitors will be able to reap benefits. Choice (E) is a mild strengthener, because it suggests there is a buyer of the oil.

The correct answer is (A).
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Re: Last year, Energy Corp's oil sales increased suddenly in the region of  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Dec 2019, 22:28
Bunuel if there are trade restrictions then how will the sales grow eventually
Please explain

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Re: Last year, Energy Corp's oil sales increased suddenly in the region of  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Dec 2019, 06:01
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Midhilesh489 wrote:
if there are trade restrictions then how will the sales grow eventually
Please explain

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I'm assuming you are referring here to Option (C): Each of the Ossamian countries currently have few restrictions in place on the business that can be done with its neighboring countries.

The usage of "few" without a preceding "a" (as in, "a few restrictions") actually means "very few" or "none at all". This is a subtle transition often used in English.

As an eg: There are few reasons to dislike John: he is considered affable and down to earth.

The above sentence actually means to convey the message that there are very few or no reasons to dislike John. If one intends to say that there are some reasons to dislike John, then the word "few" needs to be preceded by "a". The construction would be as follows:

There are a few reasons to dislike John.

(Obviously the portion after the colon does not make sense in this context!)

Therefore, Option (C), in meaning, reads as follows:

Each of the Ossamian countries currently has very few or no restrictions in place on the business that can be done with its neighboring countries.

This is a clear strengthener.
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Re: Last year, Energy Corp's oil sales increased suddenly in the region of   [#permalink] 09 Dec 2019, 06:01
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