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Last year in the United States, women who ran for state and

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Re: Last year in the United States, women who ran for state and  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Aug 2009, 05:53
E weakens the argument the most.
It says that the women want to run but lack of funds for their campaigns keeps them from running for elections. So, it is not the will of the women that is responsible for their lower numbers, as the stimulus suggests, but it is some other reason.
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Re: Last year in the United States, women who ran for state and  [#permalink]

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New post 08 May 2015, 16:22
The answer is definitely E.

It's important to note here that the question tells us in the stem that: Last year in the United States, women who ran for state and national offices were about as likely to win as men. This is a premise of the argument - it absolutely cannot be wrong. It's always an error to try to disprove a premise in GMAT CR, because premises are absolute facts. I gather answer A might seem appealing because it suggests that women are not actually as good as men at winning elections. But we know as an absolute fact here that women are just as good as men at winning elections. If answer A is true, and fewer women incumbents win, then it absolutely must be true that more first-time woman candidates win than men, because that's the only way it could be true that women win as often as men.

So A is not the right answer. The key is to focus on the right part of the conclusion. The conclusion says, in part: the reason there are so few women who win elections is ... that so few women want to run. Whether women want to run for these offices is not mentioned anywhere in the stem, and there could be lots of reasons women do not run, even though they very much want to. Perhaps they lack party support, or funding, or face other obstacles that men do not face. That's why E is the best answer here.
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Re: Last year in the United States, women who ran for state and  [#permalink]

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New post 08 May 2015, 16:48
IanStewart - thanks for looking into this. Here is what I thought -

Premise - "women who ran for state and national offices were about as likely to win as men" - Fact # 1

The conclusion says that - "the reason there are so few women who win elections for these offices is not that women have difficulty winning elections but that so few women want to run" --> women don't want to run else they will win.

Now option (E)Many more women than men who want to run for state and national offices do not because they cannot get adequate funding for their campaigns.

At best this option is Irrelevant because this is pointing to a different problem as to why women can't run.They want to but they can't because of funding issue. I thought the issues at hand are only two -

a)want to run;
b)winnability

However,option (A) says that women ran but they lost. - Agreed that this is refuting the premise,but this is a better one between A and E.
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Re: Last year in the United States, women who ran for state and  [#permalink]

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New post 09 May 2015, 04:10
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arkle wrote:
At best this option is Irrelevant because this is pointing to a different problem as to why women can't run.They want to but they can't because of funding


But this is exactly what you often want to do, when trying to weaken the conclusion of a GMAT CR argument. You often want to find an alternative explanation for the facts. Here, the conclusion is "women don't want to run in elections". The argument is just guessing that's true (it doesn't give any evidence about whether women want to run for office). The conclusion is one possible explanation for the facts in the stem. But if we had an alternative explanation for the facts in the stem, that would weaken the conclusion. And that's what E does. If E is true, that gives us a reason different from the one in the conclusion why women do not run for office. It's not because they don't want to; it's because they cannot secure funding.
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Re: Last year in the United States, women who ran for state and  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Sep 2015, 00:43
– We have to weaken the following
1) Women don’t have the difficulty in winning the elections
2) Few Women want to run
So we will STRENGTHEN the following –
1) Women have difficulty winning the elections
2) It is NOT that a few women want to run. A lot of women wants to run.

Option E hits the nail. Satisfies part (2) of Strengthen case.
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Re: Last year in the United States, women who ran for state and  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Feb 2018, 09:17
I do not think official questions will have such question b/c of its ambiguity.
Clearly, both A and E are common patterns, and the pattern in E is about the cause or reason why sth happens. Such pattern is out of scope.
Nevertheless, unless in A, "reellection" also means "win an office" -> A just repeats the argument.


Another way to see E is that the argument talks about women who run for office and E talks abut women who do not run for the office. However, such viewpoint still does not give replace the other reason why few women who win election.
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Re: Last year in the United States, women who ran for state and  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Feb 2018, 23:49
I would go for E, because as opposed to the argument option E gives an alternative reason as to why women have a small proportion of seats.

Thus, the argument is undermined.

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Re: Last year in the United States, women who ran for state and &nbs [#permalink] 28 Feb 2018, 23:49

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