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Less than 20 nations do not have formal diplomatic relations with

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Less than 20 nations do not have formal diplomatic relations with  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 17 Sep 2018, 00:46
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  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

58% (01:59) correct 42% (02:05) wrong based on 106 sessions

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Less than 20 nations have formal diplomatic relations with Taiwan, owing to the fact that the People's Republic of China claims it as part of its "One China" territory, refusing to have diplomatic relations with any nation that recognizes it as an independent nation, and most western nations unofficially consider Taiwan an independent state.

A. Less than 20 nations have formal diplomatic relations with Taiwan, owing to the fact that the People's Republic of China claims it as part of its "One China" territory, refusing to have diplomatic relations with any nation that recognizes it as an independent nation, and

B. The People's Republic of China refuses to have diplomatic relations with any nation that recognizes Taiwan as an independent nation, claiming Taiwan as part of its "One China" territory, and as a result of this, fewer than 20 nations have formal diplomatic relations with Taiwan, though

C. Refusing to have diplomatic relations with any nation that recognizes Taiwan as an independent nation, the People's Republic of China claims it as part of its "One China" territory, and correspondingly, fewer than 20 nations have formal diplomatic relations with Taiwan, while

D. The People's Republic of China claims Taiwan as part of its "One China" territory, and by refusing to have diplomatic relations with any nation that recognizes it as an independent nation, fewer than 20 nations have formal diplomatic relations with Taiwan, though

E. Because the People's Republic of China claims Taiwan as part of its "One China" territory and refuses to have diplomatic relations with any nation that recognizes Taiwan as an independent nation, fewer than 20 nations have formal diplomatic relations with Taiwan, though

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Originally posted by aragonn on 17 Sep 2018, 00:19.
Last edited by aragonn on 17 Sep 2018, 00:46, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Less than 20 nations do not have formal diplomatic relations with  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Sep 2018, 00:40
aragonn wrote:
Less than 20 nations do not have formal diplomatic relations with Taiwan, owing to the fact that the People's Republic of China claims it as part of its "One China" territory, refusing to have diplomatic relations with any nation that recognizes it as an independent nation, and most western nations unofficially consider Taiwan an independent state.

A. Less than 20 nations have formal diplomatic relations with Taiwan, owing to the fact that the People's Republic of China claims it as part of its "One China" territory, refusing to have diplomatic relations with any nation that recognizes it as an independent nation, and

B. The People's Republic of China refuses to have diplomatic relations with any nation that recognizes Taiwan as an independent nation, claiming Taiwan as part of its "One China" territory, and as a result of this, fewer than 20 nations have formal diplomatic relations with Taiwan, though

C. Refusing to have diplomatic relations with any nation that recognizes Taiwan as an independent nation, the People's Republic of China claims it as part of its "One China" territory, and correspondingly, fewer than 20 nations have formal diplomatic relations with Taiwan, while

D. The People's Republic of China claims Taiwan as part of its "One China" territory, and by refusing to have diplomatic relations with any nation that recognizes it as an independent nation, fewer than 20 nations have formal diplomatic relations with Taiwan, though

E. Because the People's Republic of China claims Taiwan as part of its "One China" territory and refuses to have diplomatic relations with any nation that recognizes Taiwan as an independent nation, fewer than 20 nations have formal diplomatic relations with Taiwan, though


+1 for B

A. Less than 20 nations have formal diplomatic relations with Taiwan, owing to the fact that the People's Republic of China claims it as part of its "One China" territory, refusing to have diplomatic relations with any nation that recognizes it as an independent nation, and --> 20 nations is countable. Hence, we require 'fewer' here

B. The People's Republic of China refuses to have diplomatic relations with any nation that recognizes Taiwan as an independent nation, claiming Taiwan as part of its "One China" territory, and as a result of this, fewer than 20 nations have formal diplomatic relations with Taiwan, though --> Corrects the error in A. Grammatically correct

C. Refusing to have diplomatic relations with any nation that recognizes Taiwan as an independent nation, the People's Republic of China claims it as part of its "One China" territory, and correspondingly, fewer than 20 nations have formal diplomatic relations with Taiwan, while --> 'it' is ambiguous here

D. The People's Republic of China claims Taiwan as part of its "One China" territory, and by refusing to have diplomatic relations with any nation that recognizes it as an independent nation, fewer than 20 nations have formal diplomatic relations with Taiwan, though --> Change in meaning

E. Because the People's Republic of China claims Taiwan as part of its "One China" territory and refuses to have diplomatic relations with any nation that recognizes Taiwan as an independent nation, fewer than 20 nations have formal diplomatic relations with Taiwan, though --> Change in meaning

Hi aragonn
There is an error, which I've highlighted above, in the question. Kindly correct it. Thanks!
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Re: Less than 20 nations do not have formal diplomatic relations with  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Sep 2018, 00:47
Thanks man ! rectified :)
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Re: Less than 20 nations do not have formal diplomatic relations with  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2018, 05:38
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Official Explanation


A complicated question about the status of Taiwan and the One-China policy.

(A) First, there’s a mistake concerning countable/uncountable nouns. We can count nations and would ask “how many nations?”, not “how much nations?”, so we need to use “fewer,” as in “Fewer than 20 nation do not have . . .” Also, there’s a pronoun mistake: in the section saying that the PRC “claims it as part of its,” we have the same pronoun used for two different antecedents, a classic pronoun trap. The first “it” refers to Taiwan, and the second refers to the PRC. Because of these reasons, (A) is incorrect.

(B) This one has a glaring pronoun error. In the phrase “as a result of this,” the pronoun “this” refers to the entire action of the previous clause. That’s illegal: a pronoun is supposed to have a noun as an antecedent. A pronoun is not allowed to refer to the action of an entire clause. Such use of pronouns may be rampant in American colloquial speech, but it is forbidden on the GMAT. (B) is incorrect.

(C) This choice repeats the double pronoun mistake in (A): the PRC “claims it as part of its”—again, the same pronoun referring to two different antecedents. That’s wrong 100% of the time. (C) is incorrect.

(D) In the phrase “any nation that recognizes it,” the “it” is ambiguous. It has a different antecedent from that of the “its” earlier in the sentence. This is a pronoun problem. There’s also a misplaced modifier. The modifier “by refusing” grammatically suggests that the “fewer than 20 nations” are doing the refusing, but we can tell that the the sentence means to say that the PCR is doing this refusing. (D) is incorrect.

(E) This choice avoids pronouns for Taiwan, repeating the name instead. Everything is grammatically and logically clear.

Choice (E) is the best answer.
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Re: Less than 20 nations do not have formal diplomatic relations with  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Sep 2018, 06:31
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aragonn wrote:

Official Explanation


A complicated question about the status of Taiwan and the One-China policy.

(A) First, there’s a mistake concerning countable/uncountable nouns. We can count nations and would ask “how many nations?”, not “how much nations?”, so we need to use “fewer,” as in “Fewer than 20 nation do not have . . .” Also, there’s a pronoun mistake: in the section saying that the PRC “claims it as part of its,” we have the same pronoun used for two different antecedents, a classic pronoun trap. The first “it” refers to Taiwan, and the second refers to the PRC. Because of these reasons, (A) is incorrect.

(B) This one has a glaring pronoun error. In the phrase “as a result of this,” the pronoun “this” refers to the entire action of the previous clause. That’s illegal: a pronoun is supposed to have a noun as an antecedent. A pronoun is not allowed to refer to the action of an entire clause. Such use of pronouns may be rampant in American colloquial speech, but it is forbidden on the GMAT. (B) is incorrect.

(C) This choice repeats the double pronoun mistake in (A): the PRC “claims it as part of its”—again, the same pronoun referring to two different antecedents. That’s wrong 100% of the time. (C) is incorrect.

(D) In the phrase “any nation that recognizes it,” the “it” is ambiguous. It has a different antecedent from that of the “its” earlier in the sentence. This is a pronoun problem. There’s also a misplaced modifier. The modifier “by refusing” grammatically suggests that the “fewer than 20 nations” are doing the refusing, but we can tell that the the sentence means to say that the PCR is doing this refusing. (D) is incorrect.

(E) This choice avoids pronouns for Taiwan, repeating the name instead. Everything is grammatically and logically clear.

Choice (E) is the best answer.



Hey ...thanks for this question. appreciate it.
A humble request though - when u post the official answer could you also repost the question and the anss=wer choices (above the OE).Reason - To precisely pin-point what the explanation is many have to scroll up to view the ans choice and do the same again for viewing the explanation.

Thankyou.
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Re: Less than 20 nations do not have formal diplomatic relations with  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Sep 2018, 06:47
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Sounds like a good idea...... i will try to quote.... thanks!
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Thanks!
Do give some kudos.

Simple strategy:
“Once you’ve eliminated the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth.”

Want to improve your Score:
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My Notes:
Reading comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Absolute Phrases

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Re: Less than 20 nations do not have formal diplomatic relations with &nbs [#permalink] 24 Sep 2018, 06:47
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