Less than 35 years after the release of African honeybees : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Less than 35 years after the release of African honeybees

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Less than 35 years after the release of African honeybees [#permalink]

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09 Jan 2009, 01:50
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Less than 35 years after the release of African honeybees outside Sao Paulo, Brazil, their descendents, popular known as killer bees had migrated as far north as Southern Texas.
A. Less than 35 years after the release of African honeybees outside Sao Paulo, Brazil,
B. In less than 35 years since releasing African honeybees outside Sao Paulo, Brazil,
C. In less than the 35 years since African honeybees had been released outside Sao Paulo, Brazil,
D. It took less than 35 years from the release of African honeybees outside Sao Paulo, Brazil, when
E. It took less than 35 years after the time that African honeybees were released outside Sao Paulo, Brazil, and then
If you have any questions
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09 Jan 2009, 03:32
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Go with A

B. In less than 35 years since releasing African honeybees outside Sao Paulo, Brazil, -- Since is incorrect - coz since means from a point of time to till date.
C. In less than the 35 years since African honeybees had been released outside Sao Paulo, Brazil,-- same as B
D. It took less than 35 years from the release of African honeybees outside Sao Paulo, Brazil, when -- from.. when unidiomatic. and pronoun it is unnecessary
E. It took less than 35 years after the time that African honeybees were released outside Sao Paulo, Brazil, and then -- same as D
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04 Jun 2011, 18:36
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sandipchowdhury wrote:
Less than 35 years after the release of African honeybees outside Sao Paulo, Brazil, their descendents, popular known as killer bees had migrated as far north as Southern Texas.
A. Less than 35 years after the release of African honeybees outside Sao Paulo, Brazil,
B. In less than 35 years since releasing African honeybees outside Sao Paulo, Brazil,
C. In less than the 35 years since African honeybees had been released outside Sao Paulo, Brazil,
D. It took less than 35 years from the release of African honeybees outside Sao Paulo, Brazil, when
E. It took less than 35 years after the time that African honeybees were released outside Sao Paulo, Brazil, and then

Let me give you my humble opinion.

B incorrect because, in part, of the misplaced modifier rule: whatever "releasing" is referring to needs to follow the comma after Brazil. However, "their descendants" (of honeybees) is unacceptable for obvious reasons.

C incorrect because "since" must be followed by an event at a particular point in time in the past (i.e, since 2000; since the release of the honeybees, since the honeybees were released). For this reason, the past perfect is inappropriate and you must use the simple past if you opt for a conjugated verb. Do NOT use the past perfect in the "since" clause, period. Also using "the" before 35 years is incorrect.

D and E incorrect:
D and E do not need any serious discussion as they offer an awkward sentence construction not used in English. Avoid that construction at all times (it... ,when or it...,and then)
Also "from" in D and "after the time" are not adequate in this context.

Less than 35 years is enough-No need of the beginning "in".
A great way to check whether A is correct is to have the two clauses switch places; begin with the main clause "their descendents, popular known as killer bees had migrated as far north as Southern Texas and finish with the subordinate clause "less than 35 years after the release of African honeybees outside Sao Paulo, Brazil". This gives us:

Their descendents, popularly known as killer bees, had migrated as far north as Southern Texas less than 35 years after the release of African honeybees outside Sao Paulo, Brazil.
This is indeed a correct sentence.

Now, try the same technique with the other choices and tell us whether you like the resulting sentence. Which seems the most natural and fluid to you?
Finally, if A ain't broken, don't try to fix it.

I hope this helps.
Bye now.
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04 Jun 2011, 06:21
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sandipchowdhury wrote:
Less than 35 years after the release of African honeybees outside Sao Paulo, Brazil, their descendents, popular known as killer bees had migrated as far north as Southern Texas.
A. Less than 35 years after the release of African honeybees outside Sao Paulo, Brazil,
B. In less than 35 years since releasing African honeybees outside Sao Paulo, Brazil,
C. In less than the 35 years since African honeybees had been released outside Sao Paulo, Brazil,
D. It took less than 35 years from the release of African honeybees outside Sao Paulo, Brazil, when
E. It took less than 35 years after the time that African honeybees were released outside Sao Paulo, Brazil, and then

D & E are obvious incorrect cases - Not concise
Among A, B, and C
C - passive voice
Between A & B
A is more concise and idiomatic than B
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04 Jun 2011, 06:58
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A for me too...
B and C are eliminated because "since" is used....
E is wordy and "after the time" is not proper....
D is incorrect because of the usage of 'when'...

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04 Jun 2011, 17:01
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A. ..after the release .. had migrated
B. ..since releasing .. had migrated
D. ..from the release .. had migrated
E. ..were released out.. had migrated

all the options apart from A have tense agreement problem
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09 Jan 2009, 13:47
C sounds correct because the release of the honeybees preceded the migration of its descendants and both the actions took place in the past. Therefore, the release should be "had been released" and the "migrated" as correctly written is "had migrated"
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09 Jan 2009, 22:44
OA is A
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07 May 2010, 05:50
xALIx wrote:
my pick is A

Could anyone eplain why A?
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04 Jun 2011, 12:54
sandipchowdhury wrote:
Less than 35 years after the release of African honeybees outside Sao Paulo, Brazil, their descendents, popular known as killer bees had migrated as far north as Southern Texas.
A. Less than 35 years after the release of African honeybees outside Sao Paulo, Brazil,
B. In less than 35 years since releasing African honeybees outside Sao Paulo, Brazil,
C. In less than the 35 years since African honeybees had been released outside Sao Paulo, Brazil,
D. It took less than 35 years from the release of African honeybees outside Sao Paulo, Brazil, when
E. It took less than 35 years after the time that African honeybees were released outside Sao Paulo, Brazil, and then

Guess, the sentence is trying to say this:
Release happened
End period: Less than 35 years is the end period, say 34 years or 1 year.
Migration happened before this end period.

Thus, migration indeed happened before the END of this 35 years period. This may justify the use of past perfect "had migrated".

A fits the bill.
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04 Jun 2011, 18:18
yes, clear A. B and C is awkward, and D and E is wordy.
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05 Jun 2011, 07:03
A it is. Release happened and before the end of 35 years, the migration happened.
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27 Jul 2011, 18:07
TheGMATDoctor, could you please elaborate why D and E are wrong. TIA
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27 Jul 2011, 19:45
Pretty good question . A it is.

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27 Jul 2011, 20:10
A. Less than 35 years after the release of African honeybees outside Sao Paulo, Brazil, :Correct form
B. In less than 35 years since releasing African honeybees outside Sao Paulo, Brazil,: seems as if the descendant killer bee is the agent - they released african honeybees!! (releasing here is functioning as a participle, not a gerund)
C. In less than the 35 years since African honeybees had been released outside Sao Paulo, Brazil,: passive voice, not prefered form
D. It took less than 35 years from the release of African honeybees outside Sao Paulo, Brazil, when :Use of IT is unnecessarily wordy - from the release of is wrong construction.
E. It took less than 35 years after the time that African honeybees were released outside Sao Paulo, Brazil, and then: Unnecessarily splits the sentence into two independent clauses joined with a comma- it took....and then...less than 35 years after the time is wrong
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28 Jul 2011, 10:37
Tons of explanation on this problem on MGMAT forum

http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/gma ... 64-15.html

FYI
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21 Nov 2011, 01:40
fluke wrote:
sandipchowdhury wrote:
Less than 35 years after the release of African honeybees outside Sao Paulo, Brazil, their descendents, popular known as killer bees had migrated as far north as Southern Texas.
A. Less than 35 years after the release of African honeybees outside Sao Paulo, Brazil,
B. In less than 35 years since releasing African honeybees outside Sao Paulo, Brazil,
C. In less than the 35 years since African honeybees had been released outside Sao Paulo, Brazil,
D. It took less than 35 years from the release of African honeybees outside Sao Paulo, Brazil, when
E. It took less than 35 years after the time that African honeybees were released outside Sao Paulo, Brazil, and then

Guess, the sentence is trying to say this:
Release happened
End period: Less than 35 years is the end period, say 34 years or 1 year.
Migration happened before this end period.

Thus, migration indeed happened before the END of this 35 years period. This may justify the use of past perfect "had migrated".

A fits the bill.

One doubt here

past perfect tense always pairs with a past tense to indicate the relative time difference between 2 events occured in the past .

But (a) doesn't have a past tense, only a past perfect ...
Am I missing something here
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07 May 2012, 10:26
d3thknell wrote:
A. ..after the release .. had migrated
B. ..since releasing .. had migrated
D. ..from the release .. had migrated
E. ..were released out.. had migrated

all the options apart from A have tense agreement problem

Explained in a nice manner.Thanks.
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Re: Less than 35 years after the release of African honeybees [#permalink]

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24 Nov 2013, 18:36
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: Less than 35 years after the release of African honeybees [#permalink]

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27 Apr 2015, 05:07
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Less than 35 years after the release of African honeybees   [#permalink] 27 Apr 2015, 05:07
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