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# Letter writer: Illegal drug use is often associated with

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Manager
Joined: 07 May 2007
Posts: 173
Letter writer: Illegal drug use is often associated with [#permalink]

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Updated on: 09 Feb 2017, 01:10
3
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Difficulty:

95% (hard)

Question Stats:

37% (01:39) correct 63% (01:59) wrong based on 212 sessions

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Letter writer: Illegal drug use is often associated with other serious problems, such as armed robbery and other violent crimes. Statistics indicate that each time police increase their enforcement of anti-drug laws in the city, the number of violent crimes committed in the city declines as a result. However, eliminating criminal penalties for drug use would almost certainly decrease rather than increase the incidence of armed robbery and other violent crime. If drugs were no longer illegal, the price would drop precipitously, and drug users would no longer need to commit crimes to acquire the money necessary to support their drug habits.
In the letter writer’s argument, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A) The first is support offered by the letter writer for a certain forecast; the second is that forecast.
B) The first acknowledges an observation that refutes the main position that the letter writer takes; the second is that position.
C) The first is a direct relationship between two activities that the letter writer argues is an infallible predictor of future events; the second acknowledges a circumstance in which that relationship would not apply.
D) The first is a direct relationship between two activities that the letter writer predicts will not hold in the future; the second offers information that, if true, would support that prediction.
E) The first is a statement that the letter writer believes is true; the second is presented as a logical inference drawn from the truth of that statement.

Originally posted by iamba on 04 Jul 2007, 20:40.
Last edited by Skywalker18 on 09 Feb 2017, 01:10, edited 1 time in total.
GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 07 Jul 2004
Posts: 4977
Location: Singapore
Re: Letter writer: Illegal drug use is often associated with [#permalink]

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05 Jul 2007, 02:13
I'll go for B. The first BF is an observation (since it says statistics indicated....), and this observation refutes the main position that the author has (to decrease crime rates, making drug legal is the way to go, and not strict enforment)
Director
Joined: 29 Jul 2006
Posts: 820
Re: Letter writer: Illegal drug use is often associated with [#permalink]

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05 Jul 2007, 09:27
D it is.
C says the relationship wouldn't apply in the second case...but the second just supports the arguments main conclusion and says nothing abt the relationship.
Director
Joined: 14 Jan 2007
Posts: 764
Re: Letter writer: Illegal drug use is often associated with [#permalink]

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07 Jul 2007, 10:20
Mine is 'B'

Agreed to ywilfred's explanation.
Manager
Joined: 23 Dec 2006
Posts: 129
Re: Letter writer: Illegal drug use is often associated with [#permalink]

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08 Jul 2007, 15:43
Do we have an OA here? My main complaint with D is that the passage isn't talking about the future; it is talking about a hypothetical scenario. We are given no way to infer that, in the future, drugs will be legal and thus destroying the relationship between drug use and crime. Thus D is disqualified.

C would be most appropriate if the word infallible wasn't in there, but it is, so that choice is disqualified too. The rest of the choices aren't that great either.

I guess its D depending upon your interpretation.
VP
Joined: 22 Oct 2006
Posts: 1428
Schools: Chicago Booth '11
Re: Letter writer: Illegal drug use is often associated with [#permalink]

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08 Jul 2007, 17:34
misread ill go with d as 2 nd choice
Director
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Re: Letter writer: Illegal drug use is often associated with [#permalink]

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09 Jul 2007, 06:53
In my opinion, it's D.
Senior Manager
Joined: 11 Jun 2006
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Re: Letter writer: Illegal drug use is often associated with [#permalink]

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09 Jul 2007, 12:09
B.

It can't be D, because the author isn't making a prediction about future events. He is talking about a hypothetical situation.
Senior Manager
Joined: 06 Jul 2004
Posts: 444
Location: united states
Re: Letter writer: Illegal drug use is often associated with [#permalink]

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09 Jul 2007, 12:51

I find it very difficult to answer these bold face questions. So, any explanations from y'all will certainly help.
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Manager
Joined: 07 May 2007
Posts: 173
Re: Letter writer: Illegal drug use is often associated with [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2007, 20:30
Sorry for the late response. Could not login for a week bcos of office work and then camping..-;)

OA is D

OE is given below. Note that second bold section is not author's position, it simply supports it

The letter writer believes that if criminal penalties for drug use are eliminated, the incidence of armed robbery and other violent crimes will decrease. In support of that belief, the letter writer offers the second boldface portion of the argument: an assertion that crimes are committed by drug users because they need money to buy expensive illegal drugs, and that if drugs were legal and therefore cheaper, the crimes would become unnecessary. The first boldface portion of the argument mentions an observed relationship between drug use and other crimes: when drug use declines, other crimes decline as well. This observation is counter to the letter writer’s ultimate claim.
Director
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Re: Letter writer: Illegal drug use is often associated with [#permalink]

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26 Jul 2007, 10:51
iamba wrote:
Sorry for the late response. Could not login for a week bcos of office work and then camping..-;)

OA is D

OE is given below. Note that second bold section is not author's position, it simply supports it

The letter writer believes that if criminal penalties for drug use are eliminated, the incidence of armed robbery and other violent crimes will decrease. In support of that belief, the letter writer offers the second boldface portion of the argument: an assertion that crimes are committed by drug users because they need money to buy expensive illegal drugs, and that if drugs were legal and therefore cheaper, the crimes would become unnecessary. The first boldface portion of the argument mentions

an observed relationship between drug use and other crimes: when drug

use declines, other crimes decline as well. This observation is counter to the letter writer’s ultimate claim.

I'm kinda scrtchin my head on this one! Why the second is not author's position?
I thought this was B as I'm not sure how to justify the use of 'predict' in D.
Manager
Joined: 25 Jul 2007
Posts: 61
Re: Letter writer: Illegal drug use is often associated with [#permalink]

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26 Jul 2007, 11:10
I think B is the correct choice..the first bold sentence is the clause that refutes the main argument of the author ,which is the second bold sentence..

more over it can't be D ,because no where is the author making a prediction about the future..
VP
Joined: 22 Oct 2006
Posts: 1428
Schools: Chicago Booth '11
Re: Letter writer: Illegal drug use is often associated with [#permalink]

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26 Jul 2007, 12:14
anyone else weigh in on this? on second review I think it should be B, how can D be the answer? When does he say he believes that the first statement will not hold true in the future? there is no reason for that statement not to hold true by any argument he makes.
Manager
Joined: 16 Feb 2007
Posts: 71
Re: Letter writer: Illegal drug use is often associated with [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2007, 15:49
terp26 wrote:
anyone else weigh in on this? on second review I think it should be B, how can D be the answer? When does he say he believes that the first statement will not hold true in the future? there is no reason for that statement not to hold true by any argument he makes.

hey terp i agree with you that D (although it is OA) is somehow strange... since the author indeed never mentions something about the future... future and hypothetical scenario are two very different things...

however, your choice B can't be the answer since the author's position is not the bold sentence. the actual position is "eliminating criminal penalties for drug use would almost certainly decrease rather than increase the incidence of armed robbery and other violent crime". the second sentences serves as support

i think it is not one of the best questions of MGMAT... i think one weakness is also a missing differentiation between enforcing laws by police and eliminating penalities... whatever...
Intern
Joined: 22 Jan 2015
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GMAT 1: 740 Q50 V40
Re: Letter writer: Illegal drug use is often associated with [#permalink]

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10 Feb 2015, 04:13
skkingdom wrote:
terp26 wrote:
anyone else weigh in on this? on second review I think it should be B, how can D be the answer? When does he say he believes that the first statement will not hold true in the future? there is no reason for that statement not to hold true by any argument he makes.

hey terp i agree with you that D (although it is OA) is somehow strange... since the author indeed never mentions something about the future... future and hypothetical scenario are two very different things...

however, your choice B can't be the answer since the author's position is not the bold sentence. the actual position is "eliminating criminal penalties for drug use would almost certainly decrease rather than increase the incidence of armed robbery and other violent crime". the second sentences serves as support

i think it is not one of the best questions of MGMAT... i think one weakness is also a missing differentiation between enforcing laws by police and eliminating penalities... whatever...

This is not a very good question. There is no way to choose from B and D. B says - "Infallable" which is never mentioned or indicated in the argument.

D says- Relationship will not hold true. Author never mentions or indicates that increasing enforcement will not result in decline of voilent crime. He barely says that decreasing enforcement will result in decline of voilent crime. Both of these two are very different things and can not be inferred from each other.

Please let me know if anyone has more insight on this question.
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Re: Letter writer: Illegal drug use is often associated with [#permalink]

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25 Mar 2017, 23:14
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Re: Letter writer: Illegal drug use is often associated with   [#permalink] 25 Mar 2017, 23:14
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