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Like the grassy fields and old pastures that the upland

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Difficulty:

  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

63% (01:18) correct 37% (02:03) wrong based on 2182 sessions

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Like the grassy fields and old pastures that the upland sandpiper needs for feeding and nesting when it returns in May after wintering in the Argentine Pampas, the sandpipers vanishing in the northeastern United States is a result of residential and industrial development and of changes in farming practices.

(A) the sandpipers vanishing in the northeastern United States is a result of residential and industrial development and of changes in
(B) the bird itself is vanishing in the northeastern United States as a result of residential and industrial development and of changes in
(C) that the birds themselves are vanishing in the northeastern United States is due to residential and industrial development and changes to
(D) in the northeastern United States, sandpipers' vanishing due to residential and industrial development and to changes in
(E) in the northeastern United States, the sandpipers' vanishing, a result of residential and industrial development and changing

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The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2017

Practice Question
Question No.: Diagnostic Test Verbal 85
Page: 93

Like the grassy fields and old pastures that the upland sandpiper needs for feeding and nesting when it returns in May after wintering in the Argentine Pampas, the sandpipers vanishing in the northeastern United States is a result of residential and industrial development and of changes in farming practices.

(A) the sandpipers vanishing in the northeastern United States is a result of residential and industrial development and of changes in
(B) the bird itself is vanishing in the northeastern United States as a result of residential and industrial development and of changes in
(C) that the birds themselves are vanishing in the northeastern United States is due to residential and industrial development and changes to
(D) in the northeastern United States, sandpipers’ vanishing is due to residential and industrial development and to changes in
(E) in the northeastern United States, the sandpipers’ vanishing, a result of residential and industrial development and changing
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Hi All,

Like the grassy fields and old pastures that the upland sandpiper needs for feeding and nesting when it returns in May after wintering in the Argentine Pampas, the sandpipers vanishing in the northeastern United States is a result of residential and industrial development and ochanges in farming practices.

Meaning Analysis:

This sentence presents comparison. It compares the grassy fields and old pastures and the sandpipers. Both have been compared because both are disappearing in the northeastern United States because of residential and industrial development and changes in farming practices.

Error Analysis:

Verb-ing modifier “vanishing…” is placed next to “the sandpipers” without a comma before it. Hence, it modifies “the sandpipers”. But that’s just the modifier. The core of the sentence says “The sandpipers … is a result of…” Here the SV do not agree in number and also do not make sense with each other.

PoE:

A) the sandpipers vanishing in the northeastern United States is a result of residential and industrial development and of changes in: Incorrect for the reason stated above.

(B) the bird itself is vanishing in the northeastern United States as a result of residential and industrial development and of changes in: Correct.

(C) that the birds themselves are vanishing in the northeastern United States is due to residential and industrial development and changes to: Incorrect.
1. This choice presents illogical comparison. “the grassy fields and old pastures” have been compared to “that”
2. Use of preposition “to” is not correct.

(D) in the northeastern United States, sandpipers’ vanishing due to residential and industrial development and to changes in: Incorrect.
1. This choice presents illogical comparison. “the grassy fields and old pastures” have been compared to “sandpipers’ vanishing”.
2. There is no verb in this sentence. It is fragment.

(E) in the northeastern United States, the sandpipers’ vanishing, a result of residential and industrial development and changing: Incorrect.
1. This choice presents illogical comparison. “the grassy fields and old pastures” have been compared to “sandpipers’ vanishing”.
2. There is no verb in this sentence. It is fragment.

This sentence tests the concepts of idiom - comparison, modifier, and SV agreement.
At e-gmat, we cover all these concepts in great details with many practice questions. Also the Verb-ing modifier can be learnt just be registering at e-gmat.com for free. This concepts, with many others, feature in pur free concepts Level 1 Preview Level.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Like the grassy fields and old pastures that the upland [#permalink]

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New post 19 May 2017, 23:06
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The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2017

Practice Question
Question No.: Diagnostic Test Verbal 85
Page: 93

Like the grassy fields and old pastures that the upland sandpiper needs for feeding and nesting when it returns in May after wintering in the Argentine Pampas, the sandpipers vanishing in the northeastern United States is a result of residential and industrial development and of changes in farming practices.

A. the sandpipers vanishing in the northeastern United States IS a result of residential and industrial development and of changes in
B. the bird itself is vanishing in the northeastern United States as a result of residential and industrial development and of changes in
C. that the birds themselves are vanishing in the northeastern United States is due to residential and industrial development and changes to
D. in the northeastern United States, sandpipers' vanishing is due to residential and industrial development and to changes in
E. in the northeastern United States, the sandpipers' vanishing, a result of residential and industrial development and changing

Excerpt from Manhattan Sentence Correction

RESULT

RIGHT:

Wealth RESULTS FROM work.
Work RESULTS IN wealth.
Wealth IS A RESULT OF work.
Wealth grows AS A RESULT OF work.
AS A RESULT OF our work, our wealth grew.
The RESULT OF our work WAS THAT our wealth grew.

WRONG:

We worked WITH THE RESULT OF wealth.
We worked WITH A RESULTING growth of wealth.
RESULTING FROM our work, our wealth grew.
BECAUSE OF THE RESULT OF our work, our wealth grew.
The RESULT OF our work WAS our wealth grew. (THAT is needed.)
The growth of wealth RESULTS.

From Ron (Manhattan Prep)

(a)
If you write "the sandpipers vanishing", then "sandpipers" is the subject ("vanishing" is a modifier describing that subject). The subject "sandpipers " doesn't agree with the singular verb "is".

GENERAL NOTE:
This sentence starts out with "like the grassy fields and old pastures...". The COMPARISON here is between those fields and pastures (which are disappearing) and the bird (which is also disappearing); therefore, to make this comparison valid, the next sentence MUST start with "the bird" or "the sandpiper". It can't start with anything else.

(c)
Invalid comparison; this clause starts with "that the birds are vanishing...", rather than with the bird itself.
This choice is also hopelessly awkward, although it may take a native speaker's eye to see that.

(d)
Invalid comparison; the subject here is the sandpipers' vanishing, rather than the sandpiper itself.
"in the NE united states" is also inserted in a bad place; the comparison element should come at the head of this construction.
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Re: Like the grassy fields and old pastures that the upland sand [#permalink]

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concepts tested : Modifier ( opening modifier )

Like X..........., Y ( this place usually should be taken by a Noun )

scanning of options leads to B : Y here is THE BIRDS

further a bit of comparison : Like X ( intended meaning - which is somewhat disappearing )............., Y ( should be one ie also disappearing )

B : Like X..........., THE BIRDS

Leading to B

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New post 21 Sep 2004, 08:05
It's b/w A and D
I would take A
We are comparing 2 phenomena:
1- Like the grassy fields and old pastures
2- the sandpipers vanishing
B and C are out
E has incomplete sentence at the end with no verb
D has 2 flaws:
1- it has misplaced modifier problem in that it introduces the location first instead of putting the clause which is supposed to be contrasted to the first phenomenon "Like the grassy fields and old pastures"
2- the "sandpipers' vanishing" makes it that the vanishing is something that belongs to the sandpipers and is incorrect
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New post 21 Sep 2004, 13:12
B is comparing like things:
the grassy fields and old pastures
vs
the bird
It is comparing those 2 things in a metaphorical way I would say
Pretty sure it's B
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New post 21 Sep 2004, 22:42
[color=red]E. is incorrect because it is run-on and mumble jumble.
D. Incorrect use of ….sandpipers’ vanishing is due to …. and to changes in
C. is out for the verb of “thatâ€

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New post 08 Feb 2005, 22:31
B. Comparision using like. like compares nouns.

but chunjuwu brings difficult problems. therefore a second thought should be applied. Could be A.

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New post 08 Feb 2005, 22:55
Has to be (B). The other choices all have plual forms for the bird, which is wrong.

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New post 09 Feb 2005, 04:01
I'd go with (A)

IMO, the two - (i) vanishing grassy fields and pastures and (ii) the sandpipers vanishing are being caused by "residential and industrial development and of changes in farming practices."

Therefore, the sentence reads as follows:

Like the grassy fields and old pastures that the upland sandpiper needs for feeding and nesting when it returns in May after wintering in the Argentine Pampas, the sandpipers vanishing in the northeastern United States is a result of residential and industrial development and of changes in farming practices.

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New post 20 Jul 2005, 11:18
I am unable to choose any of the answer choices. This SC seems to be testing the misplaced modifier,

The grassy fields and old pastures of the Argentine pampas is being contrasted with the sandpipers in the first three choice. So aren't A, B and C wrong?

But, choices D and E are no better either, as the grassy fields are now being compared to the Northeastern states. For the record, I will go with D.

Can the SC experts chip in please...

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New post 21 Jul 2005, 17:45
I'm confused on this one. If the answer is B, looks like we are comparing "grassy fields and old pastures" to the "bird" - could anyone explain what I am missing here?

Like X ....., Y is ... X is being compared to Y.

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New post 05 Oct 2005, 10:09
(A) I think the 'sandpipers', having already been mentioned with respect to fields and pastures, needs some qualification as in choice B to make the sentence more clear.
(B) Best Choice
(C) awkward construction
(D & E) Verb 'are' or 'is' is missing

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New post 05 Oct 2005, 11:27
I'll be brave and say D.
I'll explain if my conclusion is right.
I'm probably wrong here.
What's the source of this? It's a quite tricky one.

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New post 05 Oct 2005, 19:27
C - changes 'to' farming pracitces is not idiomatic
D,E - out. begins with the wrong noun

Between A and B,

B would read as:
Like the grassy fields and old pastures, the bird itself is vanishing...

A would read as:
Like the grassy fields and old pastures, the sandpipers vanishing...
A comes across as pretty awkward.

I'll take B.

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It's from the OG 11th edition diagnostic test

The OE is as follows:

The comparison introduced by like must be logical and clear; the point of this comparison is that both the habitat and the bird are disappearing for similar reasons. The comparison must use comparable grammatical components; the bird itself is a noun and matches the noun phrases grassy fields and old pastures.

B - This sentence properly compares the bird itself to grassy fields and old pastures; is vanishing as the verb strenghtens the sentence by making the comparison clearer.

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Re: SC: Sandpiper [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jan 2006, 11:38
This is in fact a tough one.
'Like' in the beginning of the sentence tells me that this is a 'Comparison' type question. It is comparing the grassy fields and old pastures in the Argentine Pampas with the one in the northern United States. So I eliminated A,B,C.
In E, changing in farming practices..does not sound right.
Therefore we are left with D.
I will go with D.

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New post 04 Jan 2006, 12:02
This is in fact a tough one.
'Like' in the beginning of the sentence tells me that this is a 'Comparison' type question. It is comparing the grassy fields and old pastures in the Argentine Pampas with the one in the northern United States. So I eliminated A,B,C.
In E, changing in farming practices..does not sound right.
Therefore we are left with D.
I will go with D.

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New post 04 Jan 2006, 20:54
Damn, its really a tough one..
I am inclined towards E..
Like grassy fields......north Eastern US...

Though the sentence sounds awkward, but only North eastern US can be compared to the grassy fields..
OA plz?

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  [#permalink] 04 Jan 2006, 20:54

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