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# Like the great navigators who first sailed around the Earth, to gather

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Like the great navigators who first sailed around the Earth, to gather [#permalink]

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01 Jul 2008, 02:52
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Like the great navigators who first sailed around the Earth, to gather information about its size and curvature of its surface, new observations have been made by astronomers that show with startling directness the large-scale geometry of the universe.

(A) Like the great navigators who first sailed around the Earth, to gather information about its size and curvature of its surface, new observations have been made by astronomers

(B) Like the great navigators who first sailed around the Earth for gathering information about its size and also the curvature of its surface, new observations have been made by astronomers

(C) Similar to the great navigators who first sailed around the Earth, where they gathered information about its size and the curvature of its surface, astronomers have made new observations

(D) Like the great navigators who first sailed around the Earth gathering information about its size and the curvature of its surface, astronomers have made new observations

(E) Just as with the great navigators who first sailed around the Earth, gathering information about its size and curvature of the surface, astronomers have made new observations
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by hazelnut on 06 Oct 2017, 15:26, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the question.

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Re: Like the great navigators who first sailed around the Earth, to gather [#permalink]

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01 Jul 2008, 02:59
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The original sentence has comparision issues. It compares the "great navigators" to "new observations" makes no sense.
So A, B are out.

In C , where incorrectly modifies "Earth"

E has an incorrect idiom "Just as with" -> Just as X, so Y

vdhawan1 wrote:
Like the great navigators who first sailed around the Earth, to gather information about its size and curvature of its surface, new observations have been made by astronomers that show with startling directness the large-scale geometry of the universe.

(A) Like the great navigators who first sailed around the Earth, to gather information about its size and curvature of its surface, new observations have been made by astronomers
(B) Like the great navigators who first sailed around the Earth for gathering information about its size and also the curvature of its surface, new observations have been made by astronomers
(C) Similar to the great navigators who first sailed around the Earth, where they gathered information about its size and the curvature of its surface, astronomers have made new observations
(D) Like the great navigators who first sailed around the Earth gathering information about its size and the curvature of its surface, astronomers have made new observations
(E) Just as with the great navigators who first sailed around the Earth, gathering information about its size and curvature of the surface, astronomers have made new observations

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Re: Like the great navigators who first sailed around the Earth, to gather [#permalink]

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01 Jul 2008, 03:22
straight D...right comparison between navigators and astronomers.

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Like the great navigators who first sailed around the Earth, to gather [#permalink]

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01 Jul 2008, 03:27
D - right comparison. like [the great navigators], [astronomers]
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Re: Like the great navigators who first sailed around the Earth, to gather [#permalink]

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28 Oct 2012, 00:25
Sorry for being late, but aren't the commas missing in option D. Without commas, it seems that the "earth was gathering information".
I don't think that there is anything wrong with E.
Verbal experts please comment on this.
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Re: Like the great navigators who first sailed around the Earth, to gather [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2012, 08:11
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In D, there could have a comma after earth, making it clear that the navigators gather the information; But in GMAT, the correct choice need not always be the best chopcie but can just be the best of the choices. So D is good enoung, sinc others have more seriodus problesm.

Let’s see E for example; Just as with the great navigators is a prepositional modifier. For the sake of a // comparison, the second leg must also be “with astronomers” . That is the reason E is out of the reckoning
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Re: Like the great navigators who first sailed around the Earth, to gather [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2012, 08:22
Okay.
So among the poor choices, choose less poor.
Btw Daagh, can you please provide me a link on all types of modifiers with examples. I can understand now that meaning issue in GMAT can be subsidized by understanding modifiers thoroughly.
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Re: Like the great navigators who first sailed around the Earth, to gather [#permalink]

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30 Nov 2014, 02:51
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Hi All,

Adding the explanation as provided by egmat.

Like the great navigators who first sailed around the Earth gathering information about its size
and the curvature of its surface, astronomers have made new observations that show with
startling directness the large-scale geometry of the universe. (Choice D)
After reading this one, almost all of you will say that “gathering” is a verb-ing modifier that is
placed after “Earth” and is not preceded by a comma. Hence, it must modify “Earth”. This
modification makes no sense because Earth dis not gather information. The great navigators did.
This sentence is incorrect. BUT IN REALITY, this sentence is absolutely correct. Here is why.
Structurally, “who first sailed around the Earth” is a clause. Here “who” stands for “the great
navigators”. Now together “the great navigators who first sailed around the Earth” is a big noun
phrase (refer to the mini article on noun phrases and Noun modifiers).
Many of you may argue that this entity contains a “who clause”. How can we classify as a noun
phrase. We can classify this as a noun phrase since it has a noun at its head. It is of the
construction – Noun + Clause.
The head of this big noun phrase is “the great investigators”. Now the “who” clause that
modifies “the great investigators” cannot be placed anywhere else in the sentence. This gives
“gathering”, a noun modifier, the liberty to jump over the preceding modifier and modify the
head – “the great investigators”. Hence, “gathering” in this sentence is correctly modifying “the
great investigators”.
Furthermore, logically “earth” cannot gather information.

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Re: Like the great navigators who first sailed around the Earth, to gather [#permalink]

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16 Dec 2014, 20:28
Hi guys, I chose A in this question...Is there anyone can explain why you guys did not choose A?

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Re: Like the great navigators who first sailed around the Earth, to gather [#permalink]

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02 Aug 2016, 21:48
Like the great navigators who first sailed around the Earth, to gather information about its size and curvature of its surface, new observations have been made by astronomers that show with startling directness the large-scale geometry of the universe.

Right comparison -- like the navigators, astonomers

(A) Like the great navigators who first sailed around the Earth, to gather information about its size and curvature of its surface, new observations have been made by astronomers

(B) Like the great navigators who first sailed around the Earth for gathering information about its size and also the curvature of its surface, new observations have been made by astronomers
(C) Similar to the great navigators who first sailed around the Earth, where they gathered information about its size and the curvature of its surface, astronomers have made new observations
(D) Like the great navigators who first sailed around the Earth gathering information about its size and the curvature of its surface, astronomers have made new observations
(E) Just as with the great navigators who first sailed around the Earth, gathering information about its size and curvature of the surface, astronomers have made new observations

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Re: Like the great navigators who first sailed around the Earth, to gather [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2017, 20:19
Here the comparison is made between Navigators and Astronomers ( Note the comparison is made between 2 nouns and not on their respective actions)

Hence It is preferred to use Like X <>, <Y>

Just by this rule, we can eliminate A,B,C and E

Moreover

Just as X, So Y is the correct Idiom E is out
B and A use wrong comparisons between navigators and observations

Choice C use of relative pronoun 'where' to refer to Earth makes no sense besides Similar does not work in the expression:

Similar to John, Mary enjoys running.
Like John, Mary enjoys running.

Grammatically, this is because similar is an adjective used to describe a noun. Like is a preposition, used to compare nouns.
Hence D.
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Re: Like the great navigators who first sailed around the Earth, to gather [#permalink]

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04 Sep 2017, 01:08
vd wrote:
Like the great navigators who first sailed around the Earth, to gather information about its size and curvature of its surface, new observations have been made by astronomers that show with startling directness the large-scale geometry of the universe.

(A) Like the great navigators who first sailed around the Earth, to gather information about its size and curvature of its surface, new observations have been made by astronomers
(B) Like the great navigators who first sailed around the Earth for gathering information about its size and also the curvature of its surface, new observations have been made by astronomers
(C) Similar to the great navigators who first sailed around the Earth, where they gathered information about its size and the curvature of its surface, astronomers have made new observations
(D) Like the great navigators who first sailed around the Earth gathering information about its size and the curvature of its surface, astronomers have made new observations
(E) Just as with the great navigators who first sailed around the Earth, gathering information about its size and curvature of the surface, astronomers have made new observations

look at choice C.
i will not say about "where' which is wrong and different meaning here.
I want to talk about "similar to"
like in D is an preposition, a word which show a relation between two nouns. similar to in C is an adjective, which show the characteristics of a noun.

like the great..." in D can be considered an adverb,
similar to..."" in C can also be an adverb. but because similar to is an adjective, the adverb phrase "similar to..." should be showing a cause for main clause. consider

beautiful and talent, she become aggressive.

it is clear that "similar to" can not show a cause for main clause.

to say that two nouns do the same actions, we use " like" as in choice D.

this is particularly hard grammar point because we have to differentiate between fuctions of adjective and preposition phrases. in the test room, we have no time doing this analysis. just remember, "like" is used to show that two nouns do the same action and forget "similar to "

do you agree with me on this point?

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Re: Like the great navigators who first sailed around the Earth, to gather   [#permalink] 04 Sep 2017, 01:08
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