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# Lincoln, discovering in young manhood the secret that the

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Director
Joined: 15 Aug 2005
Posts: 796
Location: Singapore
Lincoln, discovering in young manhood the secret that the [#permalink]

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13 Nov 2005, 06:08
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Lincoln, discovering in young manhood the secret that the Yankee peddler has learned before him, knew how to use a good story to generate good will.

(A) Lincoln, discovering in young manhood the secret that the Yankee peddler has learned before him, knew
(B) Discovering in young manhood the secret that the Yankee peddler has learned before him, Lincoln knew
(C) Lincoln, discovering the secret that the Yankee peddler had learned in young manhood before him, knew
(D) In young manhood Lincoln discovered the secret that the Yankee peddler had learned before him;
(E) Lincoln, discovered in young manhood the secret that the Yankee peddler had learned before him, knew
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Cheers, Rahul.

Intern
Joined: 25 Oct 2005
Posts: 17

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13 Nov 2005, 06:21
D

ABC incorrectly use discovering instead of discovered.
E makes it sound as if it was Lincoln who was discovered when it should be the secret which was discovered.
SVP
Joined: 28 May 2005
Posts: 1705
Location: Dhaka

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13 Nov 2005, 06:45
It is a dangling modifier problem.

B uses the correct form of modifier.

so B is the answr.
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hey ya......

Director
Joined: 09 Jul 2005
Posts: 591

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13 Nov 2005, 08:41
Actually the dangling modifier is also well placed in C. Unlike the verb tense in B, verb tense in C is correct. Therefore C should be the correct answer.
Manager
Joined: 08 Oct 2005
Posts: 95

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13 Nov 2005, 12:20
between A and B>>>>i guess B as a reason of cause-effect

(A) Lincoln, discovering in young manhood the secret that the Yankee peddler has learned before him, knew --it's correct, but i prefer B
(B) (Since lincoln discovered)Discovering in young manhood the secret that the Yankee peddler has learned before him, Lincoln knew
(C) Lincoln, discovering the secret that the Yankee peddler had learned in young manhood before him, knew ---it's strange to be place"in young manhood like this.
(D) In young manhood Lincoln ----change meaning
(E) Lincoln, (who was) discovered in young manhood ---passive, should be active
Director
Joined: 29 Aug 2005
Posts: 500

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13 Nov 2005, 20:21
C seems to be the correcr.

nakib77, why do you think C is wrong??
Senior Manager
Joined: 05 Jan 2005
Posts: 252

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13 Nov 2005, 20:30
Good Question.

IMO - E for correct past tense agreement. If correct will explain further !
VP
Joined: 22 Aug 2005
Posts: 1112
Location: CA

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13 Nov 2005, 23:21
D.

(C) Lincoln, discovering the secret that the Yankee peddler had learned in young manhood before him, knew

the bold part is ambiguous what it is modifying: Lincoln or Yankee peddler. Second seems more close and that is incorrect in meaning.
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Director
Joined: 15 Aug 2005
Posts: 796
Location: Singapore

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16 Nov 2005, 03:57
Pretty tricky eh? OA is B!
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Cheers, Rahul.

Manager
Joined: 23 Apr 2005
Posts: 206

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16 Nov 2005, 11:02
Can anyone help me explain why the past perfect is good in B?

I cant understand why.

Thanks
Intern
Joined: 15 Nov 2005
Posts: 3

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16 Nov 2005, 12:00
B is not correct for the wrong tense.
I am inclined to D.
Current Student
Joined: 28 Dec 2004
Posts: 3357
Location: New York City
Schools: Wharton'11 HBS'12

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16 Nov 2005, 17:02
this is D...

rahul..btw how do you find the cambridge cat? how do you rate their quant and verbal with the real exam?
Intern
Joined: 13 Nov 2005
Posts: 2

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16 Nov 2005, 17:34
we need "had learned" -> A, B out because of "has learned"

C changes meaning because it leads to understanding that Yankee learned in their childhood

No need to use semicolum in D

Hence E is correct
Manager
Joined: 08 Oct 2005
Posts: 95

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17 Nov 2005, 14:48
After I overview it , I think D is the best answer.
comparing with B, " in young manhood" is properly to be placed in front of sentence or in the end. not a middle sentence which led to confuse what it modify between "Lincoln" or "the Yankee peddler "
GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 15 Dec 2003
Posts: 4288

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17 Nov 2005, 15:30
You want to point out that the learning happened before the discovery so past perfect is needed. A, B and C are out. E suffers from having a subjectless independent clause, the one between the commas. Only D stands.

In B, the use of present participle at first fails to convey continuity. A present participle is best used to denote an action that is ongoing but yet, the second half of the sentence starts with "knew", a finite action which is already completed. By this I mean that the sentence is illogical. How could he have known X while still discovering it? Consider this example: While eating his apple, Martin walked to school. This is a logical sentence which means that Martin really ate an apple at the same time as he walked. This is the logic behind using a present participle.

C is wrong in that it places the prepositional phrase at the wrong place. "in young manhood before him" placed at that location illogically means that there were "other manhoods before him". This is a misconstructed sentence.

Only D is completely logical and stands. The semi-colon is often used to introduced another idea closely linked to the former sentence; it is continuity. Notice how I just used the semi-colon.
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Paul

GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 15 Dec 2003
Posts: 4288

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17 Nov 2005, 21:32
Seems like the OA is D
http://www.gmatclub.com/phpbb/viewtopic ... ht=lincoln
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Best Regards,

Paul

Current Student
Joined: 29 Jan 2005
Posts: 5218

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18 Nov 2005, 00:15
I also concur with Paul. D is correct for numerous reasons: correct use of semicolon, past perfect tense, etc..
18 Nov 2005, 00:15
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