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# Linguist: Each language has a word that captures a concept

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Manager
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Linguist: Each language has a word that captures a concept [#permalink]

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Updated on: 14 May 2013, 21:47
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68% (01:43) correct 32% (01:51) wrong based on 956 sessions

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Linguist: Each language has a word that captures a concept or emotional state in a way that no other language does. To capture such a breadth of expression, an artificial language should be created that contains words corresponding to all the different concepts and emotional states captured by the world’s languages. That is not to say that such a language would contain as many words as there are in all the world’s languages. Rather, only for those words that have no corresponding word in another language. While such a plan is hugely ambitious, the resulting language would be more thorough than any existing language.

The conclusion drawn above depends on which of the following assumptions?

A) Extinct languages do not offer up words that capture concepts and emotional states in ways that fundamentally differ from those of existing languages.
B) Many languages have words that virtually overlap in the meaning they convey.
C) Each year hundreds of the world’s languages go extinct, once there are no longer any native speakers remaining.
D) It is possible for one person to learn all of the world’s existing languages.
E) The range of concepts and emotional states is the only indication of a language’s thoroughness.

Originally posted by anish123ster on 10 May 2013, 04:38.
Last edited by doe007 on 14 May 2013, 21:47, edited 2 times in total.
Topic name updated and OA added
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Re: Linguist: Each language has..... [#permalink]

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10 May 2013, 05:11
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anish123ster wrote:
Linguist: Each language has a word that captures a concept or emotional state in a way that no other language does. To capture such a breadth of expression, an artificial language should be created that contains words corresponding to all the different concepts and emotional states captured by the world’s languages. That is not to say that such a language would contain as many words as there are in all the world’s languages. Rather, only for those words that have no corresponding word in another language. While such a plan is hugely ambitious, the resulting language would be more thorough than any existing language.

The conclusion drawn above depends on which of the following assumptions?

A) Extinct languages do not offer up words that capture concepts and emotional states in ways that fundamentally differ from those of existing languages.
Are extinct languages important here?
B) Many languages have words that virtually overlap in the meaning they convey.
Numerous overlapping words would shrink the new language as they would not be included in it.
C) Each year hundreds of the world’s languages go extinct, once there are no longer any native speakers remaining.
Not relevant.
D) It is possible for one person to learn all of the world’s existing languages.
Not relevant.
E) The range of concepts and emotional states is the only indication of a language’s thoroughness.
This is the underlying assumption. The words mentioned are the crux of the argument, just as the language's thoroughness is.
When you remove this assumption, the conclusion falls apart.

Alas... I might be wrong though.
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Re: Linguist: Each language has..... [#permalink]

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10 May 2013, 05:59
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Argument Analysis
1. Each language has a word that captures a concept or emotional state in a way that no other language does.
2. To capture such a breadth of expression, an artificial language should be created that contains words corresponding to all the different concepts and emotional states captured by the world’s languages.
3. Conclusion: the resulting language would be more thorough than any existing language.

Pre thinking:
Author is concluding that a language more thorough than any existing language can be created by using words corresponding to all the different concepts and emotional states captured by the world’s languages.
Now the author here is assuming that the new language would be more thorough by only using word corresponding to different concepts and emotional and no other feature is required for a language to be through.

A) Extinct languages do not offer up words that capture concepts and emotional states in ways that fundamentally differ from those of existing languages.
INCORRECT: irrelevant. No discussion about extinct languages in the argument.
B) Many languages have words that virtually overlap in the meaning they convey.
INCORRECT: irrelevant. Word overlapping has nothing to do with thoroughness.
C) Each year hundreds of the world’s languages go extinct, once there are no longer any native speakers remaining.
INCORRECT: irrelevant. Has nothing to do with thoroughness.
D) It is possible for one person to learn all of the world’s existing languages.
INCORRECT: irrelevant.
E) The range of concepts and emotional states is the only indication of a language’s thoroughness.
CORRECT : This is what the author assumes when he say that by just using words corresponding to different concepts and emotional state a new more through language can be created.
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Re: Linguist: Each language has..... [#permalink]

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10 May 2013, 21:26
OA: E

The conclusion assumes that thoroughness, as it relates towards a language, can be defined as encompassing “the range of concepts and emotional states...” That is, there is nothing else that accounts for a language’s thoroughness. This leads us to (E).

(A) contrasts existing and extinct languages. Not relevant.
(B) does not relate to the discussion. On the surface, it looks like it may weaken the point but it does not do so. Even if it did, we are dealing with an assumption.
(C) is a general fact that is irrelevant.
(D) sounds like it weakens the argument, if anything.
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Re: Linguist: Each language has..... [#permalink]

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10 May 2013, 21:29
HumptyDumpty and ssbisht...nicely done.. +1 to you both..
thanx
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Re: Linguist: Each language has..... [#permalink]

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10 May 2013, 21:40
Good analysis indeed. Of course this question has three options that seem instantly out of scope (A, C and D). The only one that makes sense is E and I think only B offers a reasonable alternative. The other choices go into concepts such as whether or not the language is extinct and the number of speakers. This type of question could be made harder by introducing verbiage at the end to make you doubt, such as "While such a plan is hugely ambitious, the resulting language would be more thorough than any existing language, and would be a good tool to stave off the growing number of langauges that are now considered extinct".

Even if the questions are harder or easier, the underlying analysis of identifying the conclusion and then determining which answer choice is necessary to keep the conclusion valid remains the same. Questions get more difficult as more red herrings get thrown in, but the concepts rarely vary far from this mold.

Hope this helps!
-Ron
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Re: Linguist: Each language has..... [#permalink]

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11 May 2013, 06:39
VeritasPrepRon wrote:
Good analysis indeed. Of course this question has three options that seem instantly out of scope (A, C and D). The only one that makes sense is E and I think only B offers a reasonable alternative. The other choices go into concepts such as whether or not the language is extinct and the number of speakers. This type of question could be made harder by introducing verbiage at the end to make you doubt, such as "While such a plan is hugely ambitious, the resulting language would be more thorough than any existing language, and would be a good tool to stave off the growing number of langauges that are now considered extinct".

Even if the questions are harder or easier, the underlying analysis of identifying the conclusion and then determining which answer choice is necessary to keep the conclusion valid remains the same. Questions get more difficult as more red herrings get thrown in, but the concepts rarely vary far from this mold.

Hope this helps!
-Ron

Agree, the most difficult level questions have 5 options nearly impossible or very very close to each other. When you come up to eliminate suddenly 3 options out of 5 is not so tough. My opinion

E is it
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Re: Linguist: Each language has a word that captures a concept [#permalink]

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06 May 2017, 12:27
The question really stunts me, but the solution offers full detailed explanations, thanks
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Re: Linguist: Each language has a word that captures a concept [#permalink]

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26 Jul 2017, 11:19
'thoroughness' is the key word that links the assumption with the conclusion.

hence E is the correct answer.
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Re: Linguist: Each language has a word that captures a concept [#permalink]

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12 Jan 2018, 00:53
the main concern of this argument is E.
I once did meet this question in a gmat prep, but I did not read the explanation nor check the answer. As a consequence, I keep choosing the wrong option choice that I thought the right answer.
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Re: Linguist: Each language has a word that captures a concept [#permalink]

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28 Mar 2018, 06:47
Interesting Question! looks tough at first glance but answer choices are easy. took 2:13

new language made >>> have unique words >>> concluding that new language will be more through then any language. means nothing outside of this will be needed.

A) Extinct languages do not offer up words that capture concepts and emotional states in ways that fundamentally differ from those of existing languages. --- extinct language ??? i didn't even completed the rest of the sentence.
B) Many languages have words that virtually overlap in the meaning they convey. ---- so if any/many language/s don't have overlapping words then we can't express properly . I guess one word is sufficient. even if we replace many with new language, still it will not hamper the conclusion.
C) Each year hundreds of the world’s languages go extinct, once there are no longer any native speakers remaining. --- so ?
D) It is possible for one person to learn all of the world’s existing languages. ---- even if they do, then what ?
E) The range of concepts and emotional states is the only indication of a language’s thoroughness. ---- suppose the hand gestures also play a distinctive role in language’s thoroughness. that means new language is not up to mark. this is the answer we should look for.
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Re: Linguist: Each language has a word that captures a concept   [#permalink] 28 Mar 2018, 06:47
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