sachinrelan wrote:

Louie takes out a three-month loan of $1000. The lender charges him 10% interest per month compunded monthly. The terms of the loan state that Louie must repay the loan in three equal monthly payments. To the nearest dollar, how much does Louie have to pay each month?

A. 333

B. 383

C. 402

D. 433

E. 483

We can let p be his monthly payment.

At the end of the first month, the loan will accrue 0.1(1000) = 100 dollars of interest, and the total amount is $1100. Since he will pay p dollars to that amount, he has 1100 - p dollars left to pay.

At the end of the second month, the loan will accrue 0.1(1100 - p) dollars of interest, and the total amount is 1.1(1100 - p) dollars. Since he will pay p dollars to that amount, he has 1.1(1100 - p) - p = 1210 - 2.1p dollars left to pay.

At the end of the third month, the loan will accrue 0.1(1210 - 2.1p) dollars of interest, and the total amount is 1.1(1210 - 2.1p) dollars. Since he will pay p dollars to that amount, he has 1.1(1210 - 2.1p) - p = 1331 - 3.31p dollars left to pay. However, since we assume that he will pay off this loan in 3 months, it must be true that what he has left to pay is $0. That is,

1331 - 3.31p = 0

1331 = 3.31p

p = 1331/3.31 ≈ 402

Answer: C