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# Lsat 28 1.20

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Director
Joined: 25 Oct 2008
Posts: 596
Location: Kolkata,India

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03 Sep 2009, 02:00
1
KUDOS
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Question Stats:

75% (01:52) correct 25% (00:00) wrong based on 6 sessions

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Please give your reasoning and what the error is in the wrong answer choices.Detailed explanations will be appreciated!!!
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lsatPreptest28 1.20.pdf [147.58 KiB]

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http://gmatclub.com/forum/countdown-beginshas-ended-85483-40.html#p649902

Manager
Joined: 15 Mar 2008
Posts: 50

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03 Sep 2009, 06:53
1
KUDOS
Yes, this certainly is a tough question. I will try to simplify it as much as I can. Lets see.

WEAK Economy----> CONSTANT Prices + INCREASED Unemployment
One has to be careful in interpreting the next statement-- "Unemployment rises only if investment decreases". What does this mean?
It means: If unemployment has risen then, the investment MUST have decreased.
It DOES NOT mean: Every decrease in investment will cause an increase in unemployment!
So, If INCREASED Unemployment, then DECREASED Investment. It is not the same thing as
DECREASED Investment-----> INCREASED Unemployment. This is where the confusion may have arisen!
Now we can consider each choice individually.

A "Either the economy is weak or the investment is decreasing"
We know from the stimulus that the 2nd part of the statement is not true,i.e., the investment is not decreasing. Now we should examine the 1st part i.e., "economy is weak". Can economy be weak and investment not decrease? No, it cannot be true! If eco. is weak, Unemployment will rise. If unemployment has risen, then investment MUST have decreased. But investment is not decreasing. Therefore, unemployment has not risen. Hence, economy has not weakened.

B "If unemployment rises then prices remain constant". Is this possible? Yes, it is. There is no established relationship between unemployment and prices in the stimulus; nor is there any established relationship between investment and prices. So they can change independent of each other.

C "The economy is weak only if investment decreases". Could this be true? Yes.
In the stimulus, there is no established relationship between economy and investment. So one can assume this scenario:

DECREASED Investment---> WEAK Economy---> CONSTANT Prices + INCREASED Unemployment.

D "Either the economy is weak or the prices are remaining constant". Is this possible?
The 1st part is not possible because if the economy is weak then, unemployment must rise and if unemployment has risen the, the investment must have decreased. But the stimulus tells us that investment has not decreased; so the economy has not weakened.
How about the 2nd part, i.e., "prices are remaining constant"? There is no established relationship in the stimulus between prices and investment. Therefore, this scenario is possible.

E "Either unemployment is rising or the economy is not weak". Could any of this be true?
Yes. The 1st part cannot be true since the investment has not decreased. The 2nd part can be true.

Therefore, according to me the Ans should be A.
Intern
Joined: 28 Apr 2009
Posts: 47

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12 Nov 2009, 08:28
Given the passage, I would go with C.

a) It is given in the question that the investment is not decreasing, and also that this is true . So investment cannot be decreasing.

b) the statement says. if x (weak economy) then y (constant prices) and z (rise in unemployment).. no evidence to prove that if z then y.

c) sounds OK compare to others. if the investment decreases, unemployment will raise. note that 'only' is given in cause for rise in unemployment.

So if it has to be x then y and z should hold true. But for z to hold true investement should decrease.

So the economy is weak only if the investement decreases.

d)Both cannot be in a either/or situation. Both of them occur at the same time.

e)statement Clearly states that the investement is not decreasing. So there is no chance that the unemployment is raising.

and the defence rests !!

alternate opinions ??
Director
Joined: 25 Oct 2008
Posts: 596
Location: Kolkata,India

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13 Nov 2009, 10:48
1
KUDOS
OA is
[Reveal] Spoiler:
A

OE:
This is a formal logic question, as signaled by “if/then” and “only if,” which means we
need to translate the statements into similar form and go on to make whatever deduction is
available to us.
Sentence 1 says that a weak economy is sufficient to bring about two effects: constant prices
and rising unemployment. Okay for now. Sentence 2’s “only if” signals a necessary
condition, so we can translate the sentence into if/then terms, to wit:
If unemployment rises, then investment decreases.
Now formulate the contrapositive:
If investment is not decreasing, then unemployment is not rising.
And look!—sentence 3 confirms the latter “if” to be the case: Investment, indeed, is not
decreasing. Hence, from sentence 2’s contrapositive, we can deduce that unemployment
indeed is not rising. And that has an impact on sentence 1, whose contrapositive must
If either prices are not constant or unemployment is not rising, then the economy is not weak.
And that leads us to a final deduction. The latter “if” has just been confirmed—it is a fact
that unemployment isn’t rising—hence we must conclude that the economy is not weak.
So of the four factors in the stimulus—economy, prices, unemployment, and investment—
we are sure of the status of three of them. Only prices is up for grabs; they may or may not
remain constant. Now: Keep in mind that the right answer must be false, so the four wrong
choices either could or must be true. And no sooner do we start looking that we see that:
(A) is impossible. Its second clause is flatly contradicted by stimulus sentence 3, and its
first clause is contradicted by our final deduction that “the economy is not weak.” Neither
of (A)’s conditions is possible, so (A) is what we are looking for. For the record:
(B) is possible, because unemployment’s rise has no effect, as far as we’re told, on the
constancy of prices.
(C) must be true. A weak economy means a rise in unemployment, which in turn means
decreased investment. Hence (C) is deducible when sentences 1 and 2 are combined. This
one is selected by students who forget what they’re being asked for.
(D) The first clause in (D) can’t be true—we deduced that the economy is NOT weak.
However, the second clause could be true, as we saw that prices may or may not remain
constant. So overall, (D) contains a statement that could be true and is therefore not what
we seek here.
(E) Again, as in (D), the first clause cannot be true (unemployment is NOT rising), but the
second clause must be true—the economy indeed is not weak, as we deduced above. (E) is
therefore a statement that must be true.
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13 May 2011, 04:02
its clearly mentioned that investment is not decreasing.
Hence except A others are all possible scenarios.

A
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02 Feb 2014, 00:43
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Lsat 28 1.20   [#permalink] 02 Feb 2014, 00:43
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