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# Making the pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a lifetime,

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Senior Manager
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Making the pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a lifetime, [#permalink]

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22 Mar 2012, 22:41
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Making the pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a lifetime, if afforable, is one of the five obligations of devout Muslims.

(A) if afforable

(B) when it can be afforable

(C) if they can afford it

(D) when affordable

(E) if it should be affordable
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Making the pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a lifetime, [#permalink]

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23 Mar 2012, 00:17
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'If affordable' is too far from 'pilgrimage' to be used a its modifier.

Here, it looks like 'if affordable' is modifying 'lifetime'. More over the subject of the sentence is 'Muslims' so C is the winner.

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Re: Making the pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a lifetime, [#permalink]

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23 Mar 2012, 02:34
" if they can afford it" option C is right

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Re: Making the pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a lifetime, [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2015, 03:20
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: Making the pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a lifetime, [#permalink]

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19 Sep 2015, 03:15
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This is awkward.

In C ... whom does "they" refer to? The OA suffers from pronoun antecedent problem.

Regards,
Dom.

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Re: Making the pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a lifetime, [#permalink]

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03 Oct 2015, 04:34

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Re: Making the pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a lifetime, [#permalink]

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03 Oct 2015, 05:37
dominicraj mayankgupta01

Making the pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a lifetime, if affordable, is one of the five obligations of devout Muslims.

given sentence correctly uses if since there is a condition that if pilgrimage is affordable then making it is one of the five obligations of Muslims.

making the pilgrimage if affordable is not clear in meaning as it does not explain whom does it refer to.
affordable to whom...............answer is Muslims and that is nowhere indicated or mentioned.

b) when it can be affordable.............using when to refer unspecified time(once in lifetime) is incorrect usage.

c) if they can afford it................solves the problem by using pronoun they to refer Muslims.

d) when affordable..............same as A and B.

e) if it should be affordable............we cant use should in if clause and to whom is also not mentioned.

I hope this helps
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Re: Making the pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a lifetime, [#permalink]

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03 Oct 2015, 09:44
Hi Mechmeera,

Muslims follows after they right.. what is your take on that? I have never seen a sentence where the pronoun precedes the antecedent. Can you kindly elaborate?

Regards,
Dom

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Re: Making the pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a lifetime, [#permalink]

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03 Oct 2015, 10:24
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dominicraj wrote:
Hi Mechmeera,

Muslims follows after they right.. what is your take on that? I have never seen a sentence where the pronoun precedes the antecedent. Can you kindly elaborate?

Regards,
Dom

If the pronoun contains one and only antecedent which is correct meaning wise,
then it is not important whether the pronoun precedes or succeeds the antecedent.

we generally prefer cases where pronoun appears after and closer to the antecedent.
but this is just a preference if available in options and not a rule to follow.

There are plenty of such cases where pronoun precedes the antecedent. This usage is correct.
You can get quite a few examples from OG itself.
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Re: Making the pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a lifetime, [#permalink]

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29 Sep 2017, 03:50
why C is correct and A is wrong?

IT refers to Making the pilgrimage to Mecca.
what's wrong with A. It shows a CONDITION there.

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Re: Making the pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a lifetime, [#permalink]

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29 Sep 2017, 23:58

1) if cannot be replaced by when.
2) here pronoun It referring to action of people going to mecca, an usage that is quite wrong.
3) is there any rule that if clause should have a subject together with verb ??
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Re: Making the pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a lifetime, [#permalink]

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29 Sep 2017, 23:58
eybrj2 wrote:
Making the pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a lifetime, if afforable, is one of the five obligations of devout Muslims.

(A) if afforable

(B) when it can be afforable

(C) if they can afford it

(D) when affordable

(E) if it should be affordable

1) if cannot be replaced by when.
2) here pronoun It referring to action of people going to mecca, an usage that is quite wrong.
3) is there any rule that if clause should have a subject together with verb ??
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Making the pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a lifetime, [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2017, 21:58
C is the right answer !!
All the other options can be eliminated.

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Re: Making the pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a lifetime, [#permalink]

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09 Oct 2017, 10:45
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Expert's post
darn wrote:
C is the right answer !!
All the other options can be eliminated.

darn wrote:
Hi mikemcgarry , what are your thoughts on this question ?

Dear darn,

I'm happy to respond.

The GMAT Paper Tests are an excellent source of further practice problems, especially for SC and Quant.

Choice (A) could be interpreted as grammatically correct, but it has a casual feel. Only choice (C) has the appropriate academic feel. As with all official questions, this is a well-designed question.

It's in fact an element of sophisticated writing, an elegant rhetorical move, to have a pronoun precede its antecedent. Here the "they" correctly refers to and anticipates "devout Muslims."

This might be a slightly less likely topic to appear on the GMAT today, only because GMAC is scrupulous about avoiding anything that could be interpreted as controversial, and quite unfortunately, the absolutely beautiful and noble religion of Islam is a controversial topic right now in the US, mostly because of the jaw-dropping ignorance of some of my fellow Americans.

Those are my thoughts. Let me know if you have any questions.

Mike
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Re: Making the pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a lifetime, [#permalink]

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27 Nov 2017, 21:33
yup, A and C make up an important pattern in gmat, and the correct answer should be C b/c C has formal tone.

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Re: Making the pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a lifetime, [#permalink]

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30 Nov 2017, 22:00
Please provide a better explanation for this answer choice. I am unable to understand the exact logic behind such questions.

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Re: Making the pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a lifetime, [#permalink]

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01 Dec 2017, 15:16
ashitaporwal wrote:
Please provide a better explanation for this answer choice. I am unable to understand the exact logic behind such questions.

Dear ashitaporwal,

I'm happy to respond.

My friend, I am going to chide you. What you have written is not a thoughtful or thorough question. First of all, it probably didn't take you very long to write and post this question--right there is an indication of the problem. Your education depends first and foremost on your effort: anything which doesn't involve that much effort for you probably is not going to involve that much learning. This thread has multiple posts about this question: did you read through these? Your question doesn't make that clear. A high-quality question would be very clear about exactly what you do and don't understand. A high-quality question would involve extensive reflection on your own understanding, because such reflection is crucial for learning. Writing excellent questions take a great deal of effort precisely because it is one of the habits of excellence. See:

I am going to challenge you to read that blog, then read & study every entry in this thread, and integrate all this information to write the highest-quality question about this SC problem. If you do that, I will be happy to answer it.

Does all this make sense?
Mike
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Re: Making the pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a lifetime, [#permalink]

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01 Dec 2017, 18:52
eybrj2 wrote:
Making the pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a lifetime, if afforable, is one of the five obligations of devout Muslims.

(A) if afforable

(B) when it can be afforable

(C) if they can afford it

(D) when affordable

(E) if it should be affordable

the english sentence can be long and apart from subject, verb and object, most elements in the sentence can be considered a modifier.

so, most of the time, we need to find the headwords of the modifiers. if we do not find out the headword, the sentence is wrong.

so, "when affordable" and "if affordable" have no headwords. a and d are gone.

the second step is when we see the couple modifier and headword (this require good grammar), we need to find out meaning problem. meaning error can be: meaning is not logic, unclear, or redundant. this meaning analysing is painful and characteristic of gmat sc.

look at choice B. "when" is not logic here. this choice mean, at the time the pilgimage is affordable, it is one of obligation. at other times, it is not. no sense.

so, I post two steps for solving a sc problem.

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Re: Making the pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a lifetime, [#permalink]

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01 Dec 2017, 19:16
Probably context plays a role in question. Now if one follows Islam or in a Muslim would know that the pilgrimage is one of the most scared duties of a Muslim. But pilgrimage of a week to 40 days ( shortest and longest periods) is expensive. One has to travel to Saudi Arabia from ones home, which could be in China, Africa or US, to perform Pilgrimage also known as Hajj. It is an obligation, once in a lifetime for all Muslims. But the condition Islam gives you IF YOU CAN AFFORD. Considering that many Muslims live below poverty line and save their entire life to make this journey, it is an obligation with a condition.

Now, simply from a meaning perspective, it does not become an obligation when you can afford it. It is one of the five obligations. You have to make the pilgrimage only if you can afford it.

Now to rules of grammar. If then constructions follow rules. If, then statement. If, outcome without then. And outcome, if.

If then follow strict rules for verb tenses. If in present tense ... outcome in present tense (used to tell facts/habits). Example if Maria swims, it is at her pool. (Habit)

If in present tense... outcome in future using will (for certanity). If Maria eats it will be her favourite restaurant. (We know for certain Maria will eat at a certain place).

Final form is if .... outcome future tense with may (uncertain event).

Example, if Maria watches a film, it maybe Wonder Woman. (We are not certain).

In this case...
If they can afford it is an obligation for devout Muslims.

My only objection to the question is that it is not an obligation just to devout Muslims. It is an obligation for all Muslims. But maybe the author had in mind that only the most devout ones follow it, which again is incorrect. But that apart it is fine question.

Sent from my SM-N900 using GMAT Club Forum mobile app
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Re: Making the pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a lifetime,   [#permalink] 01 Dec 2017, 19:16
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