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# Many analysts have recently predicted that democratic

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Manager
Joined: 07 May 2007
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Many analysts have recently predicted that democratic [#permalink]

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04 Jul 2007, 20:36
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Difficulty:

75% (hard)

Question Stats:

41% (00:52) correct 59% (00:53) wrong based on 724 sessions

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Many analysts have recently predicted that democratic institutions will develop in China, as the growth of democracy has generally followed industrial development in other countries throughout the 20th century.
A) has generally followed industrial development
B) generally followed industrial development
C) had generally followed industrial development
D) generally follows industrial development
E) followed general industrial development
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Zarrolou on 28 Jun 2013, 05:06, edited 1 time in total.

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04 Jul 2007, 20:42
iamba wrote:
Many analysts have recently predicted that democratic institutions will develop in China, as the growth of democracy has generally followed industrial development in other countries throughout the 20th century.
A) has generally followed industrial development
B) generally followed industrial development
C) had generally followed industrial development
D) generally follows industrial development
E) followed general industrial development

'has' is present perfect that is used for action continuing until now.

C - past perfect - not required here
D - presentence - wrong
E - changing word order changes the meaning

A, B - left

as we are in 21st century - i am going with B. I dont know if that action is still continuing until now.

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04 Jul 2007, 21:34
I will pick A as I think that the action is continuing.

Many analysts have recently predicted that democratic institutions will develop in China, as the growth of democracy has generally followed industrial development in other countries throughout the 20th century.
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Trying hard to conquer Quant.

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Director
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05 Jul 2007, 04:49
i will pick A. has generally followed seems to be correct . The action is still continuing .

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05 Jul 2007, 09:32
I think author is stating the second part as a matter of fact like
Sun sets in the west.

It has to be present-simple.

I like D.

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05 Jul 2007, 11:03
I'll go with B.

It doesn't matter if the growth is still continuing. The growth started after the industrial development in the past.

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05 Jul 2007, 11:12
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asaf wrote:
I think author is stating the second part as a matter of fact like
Sun sets in the west.

It has to be present-simple.

I like D.

D would be okay if there was no ' in the 20th century' at the end of the century .

This is a tricky one but A seems the correct one for me.

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05 Jul 2007, 12:40
Many analysts have recently predicted that democratic institutions will develop in China, as the growth of democracy has generally followed industrial development in other countries throughout the 20th century.
A) has generally followed industrial development
B) generally followed industrial development
C) had generally followed industrial development
D) generally follows industrial development
E) followed general industrial development

It comes down to A and D. C is out b/c of had .... E tense and followed generally incorrect B as means still going on...

Now D is it generally followed.. meaning present but not ongoing .. so it is eliminated therefore answer is A...

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05 Jul 2007, 17:36
bw A and B , i will go with [b]B[/b] . The trend was followed in 20th century and on the basis if that the prediction is made.

So though the trend still contnues doesnt matter.

~sara

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05 Jul 2007, 19:37
We need present perfect tense in this case as the verb 'followed' is still the case presently.
A for me.

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10 Jul 2007, 20:48
OA is B

OE is given below

The non-underlined portion of the sentence utilizes the present perfect tense “have . . . predicted” to indicate that the analysts have and continue to predict the development of democratic institutions in China. In the original sentence, the present perfect tense is also utilized in “has . . . followed” to describe the pattern of democracy following industrial development. However, the sentence clearly refers to the past with the phrase “throughout the 20th century,” making the use of the present perfect tense incorrect, as the activity cannot be continuing if it occurred in the past and ended at the end of the 20th century.

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10 Jul 2007, 20:56
iamba wrote:
OA is B

OE is given below

The non-underlined portion of the sentence utilizes the present perfect tense “have . . . predicted” to indicate that the analysts have and continue to predict the development of democratic institutions in China. In the original sentence, the present perfect tense is also utilized in “has . . . followed” to describe the pattern of democracy following industrial development. However, the sentence clearly refers to the past with the phrase “throughout the 20th century,” making the use of the present perfect tense incorrect, as the activity cannot be continuing if it occurred in the past and ended at the end of the 20th century.

...

so what it's the past? Is it continuing? I say yes.

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Many analysts have recently predicted that democratic [#permalink]

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28 Jun 2013, 04:13
2
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Many analysts have recently predicted that democratic institutions will develop in China, as the growth of democracy has generally followed industrial development in other countries throughout the 20th century.

A)has generally followed industrial development
B)generally followed industrial development
D)generally follows industrial development
E)followed general industrial development

Last edited by Zarrolou on 28 Jun 2013, 05:04, edited 2 times in total.
Merging similar topics.

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28 Jun 2013, 04:27
Why not A and D?

A - Since it has been a trend, using "Has generally followed" seems good
D - talking about something that happens in general, can't we say "generally follows Industrial development"?

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28 Jun 2013, 04:42
1
KUDOS
Aniketa wrote:
Why not A and D?

A - Since it has been a trend, using "Has generally followed" seems good
D - talking about something that happens in general, can't we say "generally follows Industrial development"?

Hi Aniketa,

The reason for eliminating A is that we are referring to an event in the past past with the phrase “throughout the 20th century,” making the use of the present perfect tense incorrect.

Hope it helps.

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Re: Many analysts have recently predicted that democratic [#permalink]

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21 Oct 2014, 06:15
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Verb Tense Revision: Many analysts have recently predicted [#permalink]

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22 Mar 2015, 07:11
Expert's post
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This question is part of the GMAT Club Sentence Correction : Verb Tense Revision Project.

Many analysts have recently predicted that democratic institutions will develop in China, as the growth of democracy has generally followed industrial development in other countries throughout the 20th century.

A. has generally followed industrial development

B. generally followed industrial development

C. had generally followed industrial development

D. generally follows industrial development

E. followed general industrial development
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Re: Verb Tense Revision: Many analysts have recently predicted [#permalink]

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22 Mar 2015, 09:04
souvik101990 wrote:
This question is part of the GMAT Club Sentence Correction : Verb Tense Revision Project.

Many analysts have recently predicted that democratic institutions will develop in China, as the growth of democracy has generally followed industrial development in other countries throughout the 20th century.

A. has generally followed industrial development

B. generally followed industrial development

C. had generally followed industrial development

D. generally follows industrial development

E. followed general industrial development

I will go with A here.Tricky Qs-but I doubt the source-is this really from MGMAT? Both A and D look good to me.

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Verb Tense Revision: Many analysts have recently predicted [#permalink]

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22 Mar 2015, 10:46
A. has generally followed industrial development - growth cannot follow anyone as its non- living . Present perfect is wrong.

B. generally followed industrial development - generally correctly modifying followed. Also, Present perfect tense error form A is gone.

C. had generally followed industrial development - Past Perfect is not required.

D. generally follows industrial development - don't think simple present tense can be used here

E. followed general industrial development - modifier 'general' changes the intended meaning

Hence IMO 'B'

Thanks!

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Re: Verb Tense Revision: Many analysts have recently predicted [#permalink]

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23 Mar 2015, 00:07
Hi,
I picked option C which is wrong.
I have few queries about the question:

1) Is the use of past perfect is not required, just because the time "20th century" is mentioned ?
2) Would this option (C) be correct, if time at the end were not mentioned ?

Thanks.
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Re: Verb Tense Revision: Many analysts have recently predicted   [#permalink] 23 Mar 2015, 00:07

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