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# Many ancient civilizations establish characteristics and hallmarks

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Manager
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Joined: 26 Sep 2017
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Concentration: Finance, Technology
GMAT 1: 660 Q50 V30
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WE: Engineering (Computer Software)
Many ancient civilizations establish characteristics and hallmarks  [#permalink]

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25 Apr 2018, 01:57
2
1
00:00

Difficulty:

35% (medium)

Question Stats:

61% (01:01) correct 39% (01:09) wrong based on 176 sessions

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Many ancient civilizations establish characteristics and hallmarks which include complex societal hierarchies with inbuilt class structures.

A.establish characteristic and hallmark which include
B.establish characteristics and hallmarks which include
C.established characteristics and hallmarks which included
D.established characteristics and hallmarks which includes
E.established characteristic and hallmark which include

Source:Crackverbal

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Re: Many ancient civilizations establish characteristics and hallmarks  [#permalink]

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29 Apr 2018, 17:42
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tamal99

option E: Which is modifying hallmark and Hallmark is a singular noun and we need a singular verb includes not include.
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Re: Many ancient civilizations establish characteristics and hallmarks  [#permalink]

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26 Apr 2018, 05:37
Hello,
Can anyone help me to understand why option E is wrong. Thanks in advance.

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Re: Many ancient civilizations establish characteristics and hallmarks  [#permalink]

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29 Apr 2018, 17:15
Talking about ancient civilizations, therefore the structure of events has to be in the past.
A.establish characteristic and hallmark which include not about events/activities in the past.
B.establish characteristics and hallmarks which include same as A; the only difference being singular vs. plural
C.established characteristics and hallmarks which included both in the past tense. Correct.
D.established characteristics and hallmarks which includes Similar errors as above. Also, characteristics and hallmarks creates a compound subject. Therefore, one should use include
E.established characteristic and hallmark which include not in the past tense.
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Re: Many ancient civilizations establish characteristics and hallmarks  [#permalink]

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13 May 2018, 03:57
Sentence is talking about something in the past

So established and included is best usage here

Also characteristics and hallmarks need to be present to correctly convey meaning

C has all these things

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Re: Many ancient civilizations establish characteristics and hallmarks   [#permalink] 13 May 2018, 03:57
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