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Many critics claim that federally mandated car safety

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Many critics claim that federally mandated car safety [#permalink]

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17 Sep 2012, 05:12
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Many critics claim that federally mandated car safety standards are actually impairing car safety in Country X. These critics note that car manufacturers only have to meet the minimum requirements of the government in order to be viewed as safe by the consuming public. If no standards were set, manufacturers would need to compete on safety in order to have any customers at all.

Which of the following is an assumption made by the critics in the argument above?

A. Large cars, such as trucks and sport utility vehicles, are inherently safer than small cars.
B. A significant proportion of car customers own more than one car.
C. The minimum safety requirements decreed by the government of Country X are considered intolerably unsafe.
D. Other factors in a customer's car purchase decision, such as price and comfort features, are more important than safety concerns.
E. In the absence of safety standards, potential car customers will be able to tell which cars are the most safe.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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17 Sep 2012, 05:42
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A- There is no reference to any other vehicle other than cars in the Stimulus.
B- Car Safety is the point of contention and not ownership
C- Too big a stretch to assume this. This assumption does not support the premise.
D- Negation of this assumption does not disrupt the premise.
E- Perfect as an assumption. Negation of this assumption makes the entire Stimulus baseless.

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18 Sep 2012, 04:54
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+1 E

I got stuck between C and E. After using negation I found E as a better answer, anyhow the word "intolerable" in the option C is too extreme.
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18 Sep 2012, 04:21
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sajini wrote:
Many critics claim that federally mandated car safety standards are actually impairing car safety in Country X. These critics note that car manufacturers only have to meet the minimum requirements of the government in order to be viewed as safe by the consuming public. If no standards were set, manufacturers would need to compete on safety in order to have any customers at all.

Which of the following is an assumption made by the critics in the argument above?

A. Large cars, such as trucks and sport utility vehicles, are inherently safer than small cars.
B. A significant proportion of car customers own more than one car.
C. The minimum safety requirements decreed by the government of Country X are considered intolerably unsafe.
D. Other factors in a customer's car purchase decision, such as price and comfort features, are more important than safety concerns.
E. In the absence of safety standards, potential car customers will be able to tell which cars are the most safe.

Conclusion of the argument: If there were NO govt set standards, car manufacturers would provide safety as a quantifiable feature to attract consumers. In other words as safety goes up consumer purchase of cars goes up.

Only E states the assumption that is, the consumer themselves MUST know how to select between 2 cars with comparable (or not) safety. If they fail to differentiate then the consumers will not buy cars with respect to the safety incorporated in them.
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Re: Many critics claim that federally mandated car safety [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2014, 12:58
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Many critics claim that federally mandated car safety [#permalink]

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23 Sep 2015, 00:11
sajini wrote:
Many critics claim that federally mandated car safety standards are actually impairing car safety in Country X. These critics note that car manufacturers only have to meet the minimum requirements of the government in order to be viewed as safe by the consuming public. If no standards were set, manufacturers would need to compete on safety in order to have any customers at all.

Which of the following is an assumption made by the critics in the argument above?

A. Large cars, such as trucks and sport utility vehicles, are inherently safer than small cars.
B. A significant proportion of car customers own more than one car.
C. The minimum safety requirements decreed by the government of Country X are considered intolerably unsafe.
D. Other factors in a customer's car purchase decision, such as price and comfort features, are more important than safety concerns.
E. In the absence of safety standards, potential car customers will be able to tell which cars are the most safe.

Hello egmat
can you please explain why choice E is correct?
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Re: Many critics claim that federally mandated car safety [#permalink]

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27 Nov 2015, 01:45
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The argument states that "If no standards were set, manufacturers would need to compete on safety in order to have any customers at all. "

Now for that competition to happen and cars to become more safer, firstly the customers need to know how to differentiate the safety level of one car from another(without any standards set by the government)

Only option E states that. In assumption question we use the "negation test".

E:In the absence of safety standards, potential car customers will be able to tell which cars are the most safe.

Negated E:In the absence of safety standards, potential car customers will not be able to tell which cars are the most safe. We notice that if we use negated E, the conclusion will fall apart. Hence it is the assumption made.
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Re: Many critics claim that federally mandated car safety [#permalink]

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27 Nov 2015, 08:25
Great explanation dominicraj
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Re: Many critics claim that federally mandated car safety   [#permalink] 27 Nov 2015, 08:25
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