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Many economists predict that the next recession, when it

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Many economists predict that the next recession, when it [#permalink]

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30 Jul 2006, 16:15
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Many economists predict that the next recession, when it comes, will be caused by Federal Reserve action taken to prevent an inflationary upsurge that would result if the economy were to expand at an annual rate of three percent or more.

(A) taken to prevent an inflationary upsurge that would result
(B) they took for preventing an inflationary upsurge that would result
(C) taken to prevent an inflationary upsurge resulting
(D) they took to prevent an inflationary upsurge resulting
(E) taken for preventing an inflationary upsurge that will result

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30 Jul 2006, 16:20
A is OK I think

Subjunctive needs something probable so we need a "would' rather than a "will"
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30 Jul 2006, 16:33
trivikram wrote:
A is OK I think

Subjunctive needs something probable so we need a "would' rather than a "will"

could you please explain the subjunctive and its usage.
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30 Jul 2006, 16:34
they took is unidiomatic. So this eliminates (B) and (D).
"resulting" would require "from" to continue. So (C) is wrong too.
Since a prediction is being discussed here, "would" is preferable to "will" in (E).
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30 Jul 2006, 18:28
B and D are clearly out... "they"... how are they?

E has "gerund" problem... "prevention" could be used... but the meaning implies an action and gerund by itself can't stand along... must be with "to be"

now, based on the above rule, you can clearly eliminate C with gerund "resulting"

but let's look at A

(A) Many economists predict that the next recession, when it comes, will be caused by Federal Reserve action taken to prevent an inflationary upsurge that would result if the economy were to expand at an annual rate of three percent or more.

upsurge WOULD RESULT, IF the economy were to expand.

this is subjentive... but it is reverse... so still makes sense, even though it omits "THEH", which is not always used

it's A
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30 Jul 2006, 21:22
A look good.

"Taken to" is the correct idiom. Hence B and D are out.

A has an inverse if - then.
Other choices are not that good.
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31 Jul 2006, 15:00
I'm going to go with A.

B & D can be easily eliminated because 'they took' incorrectly refers to the Federal Reserve and not the action.

E uses 'preventing' which doesn't make sense here.

Between A & C, C uses 'resulting' which brings in additional incorrect implications. A correctly uses 'that would result' to refer to the speculation being addressed.
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19 Aug 2006, 06:00
Three weeks late, but (A).

the correct idioms are 1) that..would/could/should result in~ <or> resulting from~
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19 Aug 2006, 22:12
A

its a conditional....
X would result...... if Y were to happen......
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19 Aug 2006, 22:12
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