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Many employees in the energy sector must choose between jobs that offe

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Re: Many employees in the energy sector must choose between jobs that offe [#permalink]

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New post 01 Aug 2015, 00:07
Narenn wrote:
I think in your proposed structure 'Less physically intense and lower-paying jobs' the contrast is omitted, something that will affect the meaning of the sentence.

Moreover if you are adding that before higher paying jobs then you should also add the same before lower paying jobs so that both phrases will be parallel.
between jobs that offer substantially higher pay and that less physically intense, but lower-paying

As for your query, whether the construction 'that X but that Y' would be correct or not, I think it will depend on the sentence structure.

Hope that helps.


Narenn i think the construction "between jobs that offer substantially higher pay and that less physically intense, but lower paying" is still not parallel.

In my opinion, it should be as follows

between jobs that offer substantially higher pay and that are less physically intense, but whose pay is low" would make all parts of the sentence parallel.

Are is needed for parallelism to make it a clause. for the same reason the part after 'but' needs to be changed to make a clause.

Please share your thoughts.

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Re: Many employees in the energy sector must choose between jobs that offe [#permalink]

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At first, this is a test of idiom --- ‘between …. and’ --- hence we should reject A, B and C forthwith and focus only on D and E.

A fan boy such as ‘but’ can co-ordinate

1. Two ICs,
2. Two parallel verbs
3. Two parallel nouns or noun phrases
4. Two parallel adjectives or adjectival phrases
5. Two parallel adverbs or adverbial phrases.

In E, we may observe, ‘less physically intense’ is an adjectival phrase linked to ‘another adjectival namely, ‘lower paying’. So both are parallel linked by 'but'

In D, the placement of ‘in large metropolitan areas’ is dubious. This phrase should be placed just after the ‘jobs’, so that we know for certain that theses jobs are available in metros rather than in other areas. Otherwise, it will be misconstrued that these jobs are less physically intense only in metros.

Probably because it is from the MGMAT stable, I am led to believe that there is more than what meets the eye and MGMAT may be testing some more subtle issue. What MGMAT is really up to, may be the forum can expose
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Re: Many employees in the energy sector must choose between jobs that offe [#permalink]

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New post 14 Dec 2015, 07:40
OE from source

On one hand, energy-sector employees can choose high-paying jobs, but must then face the prospect of several negatives (long hours, demanding physical labor, or relocation to remote rural areas). On the other hand, they can opt for less physically demanding jobs in cities, but those jobs don't pay as much.

(A) The structure between X or Y is unidiomatic; the correct idiom is between X and Y. The construction jobs that X (offer) but Y (requiring) should be parallel, but offer is not parallel to requiring.

(B) The structure between X or Y is unidiomatic; the correct idiom is between X and Y. What was a list of three things (long hours, physical labor, or relocation) in the original sentence turns into a list of four things here (long hours, physical labor, relocation, or lower-paying jobs). Because of this, there is no longer an and Y element to complete the between X and Y idiom. The sentence says, in effect: between X that offer A, but that B, C, D, or E.

(C) The structure between X or Y is unidiomatic; the correct idiom is between X and Y. In addition, this choice places pay that is substantially higher in parallel with (pay) that requires long hours, etc. The job requires these things, not the pay. The word relocating is not parallel to the two earlier nouns on the list (hours, labor). Finally, the modifier in larger metropolitan areas illogically modifies are less physically intense; the jobs are not less physically intense only when performed in larger metropolitan areas.

(D) The construction jobs that X (pay) but Y (requiring) should be parallel, but pay is not parallel to requiring. What was a list of three things (long hours, physical labor, or relocation) in the original sentence turns into a list of four things here (long hours, physical labor, relocating, and lower-paying jobs). Because of this, there is no longer an and Y element to complete the between X and Y idiom. (Note: you could also interpret and lower-paying jobs to be the and Y portion of between X and Y. If so, however, then the three item list A, B, or C is missing the word or.) Finally, the modifier in larger metropolitan areas illogically modifies are less physically intense; the jobs are not less physically intense only when performed in larger metropolitan areas.

(E) CORRECT. The idiom between X and Y is used properly. The construction jobs offering but requiring is parallel. The three possible drawbacks of the higher-paying jobs (long hours, physically taxing labor, and relocation) are also properly parallel. The modifier in larger metropolitan areas correctly modifies jobs.
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Re: Many employees in the energy sector must choose between jobs that offe [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jul 2017, 01:46
Many employees in the energy sector must choose between jobs that offer substantially higher pay, butrequiring long hours, physically taxing labor, or relocation to remote, sparsely populated areas, or less physically intense though lower-paying jobs in larger metropolitan areas.-
BETWEEN X AND Y is correct form of idiom
OFFER AND REQUIRE should be parallel ( Either a direct verb or participle)
Use of word THROUGH is wrong- To show contrast use BUT. Moreover to maintain parallelism, if possible, put 2 kinds of JOB in parallel ( between X and Y)


A) that offer substantially higher pay, but requiring long hours, physically taxing labor, or relocation to remote, sparsely populated areas, or less physically intense though lower-paying jobs ( Wrong because of the all the reasons mentioned above)

B that offer substantially higher pay, but that require long hours, physically taxing labor, relocation to remote or sparsely populated areas, or less physically intense and lower-paying jobs- USE OF AND IS REQUIRED.

C offering pay thatis substantially higher, but that requires long hours, physically taxing labor, or relocating to remote, sparsely populated areas, or lower-paying jobs that are less physically intense- Worst sentence-
It makes highlighted portions parallel. and changes the meaning to - pay that is substantially higher and pay that requires long hours
Use of OR wrong
Between X and Y requires x and y to be parallel. But in this case X is phrase ( participle phrase) and Y is a complete clause ( with noun and verb)

D) that pay substantially higher but requiring long hours, physically taxing labor, (AND/ OR is required here) relocating to remote or sparsely populated areas, and lower-paying jobs that are less physically intense-

e) offering substantially higher pay, but requiring long hours, physically taxing labor, or relocation to remote, sparsely populated areas, and less physically intense, but lower-paying, jobs

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Re: Many employees in the energy sector must choose between jobs that offe [#permalink]

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Many employees in the energy sector must choose between jobs that offe [#permalink]

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New post 17 Sep 2017, 01:29
12bhang wrote:
Many employees in the energy sector must choose between jobs that offer substantially higher pay, but requiring long hours, physically taxing labor, or relocation to remote, sparsely populated areas, or less physically intense though lower-paying jobs in larger metropolitan areas.

(A) that offer substantially higher pay, but requiring long hours, physically taxing labor, or relocation to remote, sparsely populated areas, or less physically intense though lower-paying jobs

(B) that offer substantially higher pay, but that require long hours, physically taxing labor, relocation to remote or sparsely populated areas, or less physically intense and lower-paying jobs

(C) offering pay that is substantially higher, but that requires long hours, physically taxing labor, or relocating to remote, sparsely populated areas, or lower-paying jobs that are less physically intense

(D) that pay substantially higher but requiring long hours, physically taxing labor, relocating to remote or sparsely populated areas, and lower-paying jobs that are less physically intense

(E) offering substantially higher pay, but requiring long hours, physically taxing labor, or relocation to remote, sparsely populated areas, and less physically intense, but lower-paying, jobs


OFFICIAL EXPLANATION


On one hand, energy-sector employees can choose high-paying jobs, but must then face the prospect of several negatives (long hours, demanding physical labor, or relocation to remote rural areas). On the other hand, they can opt for less physically demanding jobs in cities, but those jobs don't pay as much.

(A) The structure between X or Y is unidiomatic; the correct idiom is between X and Y. The construction jobs that X (offer) but Y (requiring) should be parallel, but offer is not parallel to requiring.

(B) The structure between X or Y is unidiomatic; the correct idiom is between X and Y. What was a list of three things (long hours, physical labor, or relocation) in the original sentence turns into a list of four things here (long hours, physical labor, relocation, or lower-paying jobs). Because of this, there is no longer an and Y element to complete the between X and Y idiom. The sentence says, in effect: between X that offer A, but that B, C, D, or E.

(C) The structure between X or Y is unidiomatic; the correct idiom is between X and Y. In addition, this choice places pay that is substantially higher in parallel with (pay) that requires long hours, etc. The job requires these things, not the pay. The word relocating is not parallel to the two earlier nouns on the list (hours, labor). Finally, the modifier in larger metropolitan areas illogically modifies are less physically intense; the jobs are not less physically intense only when performed in larger metropolitan areas.

(D) The construction jobs that X (pay) but Y (requiring) should be parallel, but pay is not parallel to requiring. What was a list of three things (long hours, physical labor, or relocation) in the original sentence turns into a list of four things here (long hours, physical labor, relocating, and lower-paying jobs). Because of this, there is no longer an and Y element to complete the between X and Y idiom. (Note: you could also interpret and lower-paying jobs to be the and Y portion of between X and Y. If so, however, then the three item list A, B, or C is missing the word or.) Finally, the modifier in larger metropolitan areas illogically modifies are less physically intense; the jobs are not less physically intense only when performed in larger metropolitan areas.

(E) CORRECT. The idiom between X and Y is used properly. The construction jobs offering but requiring is parallel. The three possible drawbacks of the higher-paying jobs (long hours, physically taxing labor, and relocation) are also properly parallel. The modifier in larger metropolitan areas correctly modifies jobs.
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Many employees in the energy sector must choose between jobs that offe   [#permalink] 17 Sep 2017, 01:29

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