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Many English adjectives, when included in questions,

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05 May 2013, 00:15
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Many English adjectives, when included in questions, indicate a bias although their opposites do not; for example, questions beginning with "how close," a construction implying that whatever is under discussion is nearby, but those beginning with "how far" do not necessarily carry the implication of long distance.

A although their opposites do not; for example, questions beginning with "how close," a construction implying that whatever is under discussion is nearby, but those beginning with "how far" do not necessarily carry the implication of long distance

B unlike their opposites; for example, by beginning a question with "how close," speakers imply that whatever is under discussion is nearby, but they do not necessarily imply a long distance in beginning them with "how far."

C while their opposites do not; for instance, questions beginning with "how close" imply that whatever is being discussed is nearby, but those beginning with "how far" do not necessarily imply a long distance.

D that their opposites lack; in the case of speakers who begin questions with "how close," for instance, it is implied that whatever is under discussion is nearby, but for those who begin questions with "how far" there is no corresponding implication of long distance.

E that their opposites do not; for instance, when speakers begin questions with "how close," implying that whatever is being discussed is nearby, but when they begin questions with "how far" a long distance is not necessarily implied.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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05 May 2013, 01:51
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Many English adjectives, when included in questions, indicate a bias although their opposites do not; for example, questions beginning with "how close," a construction implying that whatever is under discussion is nearby, but those beginning with "how far" do not necessarily carry the implication of long distance.

A) although their opposites do not; for example, questions beginning with "how close," a construction implying that whatever is under discussion is nearby, but those beginning with "how far" do not necessarily carry the implication of long distance
Wrong.
- The usage "although" is not correct.
- "implying" is not verb ==> should be "questions....imply"

B) unlike their opposites; for example, by beginning a question with "how close," speakers imply that whatever is under discussion is nearby, but they do not necessarily imply a long distance in beginning them with "how far."
Wrong.
- Comparison "bias" and "their opposites" is wrong.
- In addition, "them" is not correct.

C) while their opposites do not; for instance, questions beginning with "how close" imply that whatever is being discussed is nearby, but those beginning with "how far" do not necessarily imply a long distance.
Correct.
- The usage of while conveys contrast meaning.
- S-V agreement in the second part is good.

D) that their opposites lack; in the case of speakers who begin questions with "how close," for instance, it is implied that whatever is under discussion is nearby, but for those who begin questions with "how far" there is no corresponding implication of long distance.
Wrong.
- "lack" changes meaning.
- "it" and "there is" in the second part are not parallel.

E) that their opposites do not; for instance, when speakers begin questions with "how close," implying that whatever is being discussed is nearby, but when they begin questions with "how far" a long distance is not necessarily implied.
Wrong.
- Structure in the second par is not parallel.
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05 May 2013, 01:57
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A. although their opposites do not; for example, questions beginning with "how close," a construction implying that whatever is under discussion is nearby, but those beginning with "how far" do not necessarily carry the implication of long distance --- The clause beginning with - “for example, questions beginning with and ending with discussion is nearby ” - is a fragment. It does not have a working verb;

B unlike their opposites; for example, by beginning a question with "how close," speakers imply that whatever is under discussion is nearby, but they do not necessarily imply a long distance in beginning them with "how far."--- Unlike their opposites. This is a wrong comparison, the choice compares what adjective do with their just their opposites and not what their opposites do. In addition the subordinate clause without reason shifts the focus to what speakers do rather than what adjectives do. This is a shift of intent.

C while their opposites do not; for instance, questions beginning with "how close" imply that whatever is being discussed is nearby, but those beginning with "how far" do not necessarily imply a long distance. --- proper comparison and parallelism. The right choice.

D that their opposites lack; in the case of speakers who begin questions with "how close," for instance, it is implied that whatever is under discussion is nearby, but for those who begin questions with "how far" there is no corresponding implication of long distance. --- comparing what the adjectives do with what their opposites lack; This is change of meaning. In addition the use of the preposition for those is rather unidiomatic in this context. It should be in tandem with “in the case of”

E that their opposites do not; for instance, when speakers begin questions with "how close," implying that whatever is being discussed is nearby, but when they begin questions with "how far", a long distance is not necessarily implied. --- The problem here is the use of when; Here when (in the meaning of while) denotes also contrast and a specific point. Thus, the use of ‘but’, another contrasting conjunction becomes redundant and mars the flow of the intended meaning.
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06 May 2013, 04:59
How come one can identify implying is a verb or a modifier

If implying is alone alone then its a modifier and if used along with is implying then its a verb right?
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06 May 2013, 10:02
yes mostly; implying or anyother verb+ ing for thatImplying matter is a verb only when preceded by an auxiliary verb such as is, was, were etc Whe expressed along, any verb+ ing could be either a present participle or a gerund ( another kind of verbal noun , but not a verb}
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28 Mar 2015, 22:57
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29 Mar 2015, 10:25
Chose C. It is the best answer for several reasons. One of them is a pronoun issue.
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25 Apr 2016, 21:45
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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10 Nov 2016, 16:52
nishtil wrote:
Many English adjectives, when included in questions, indicate a bias although their opposites do not; for example, questions beginning with "how close," a construction implying that whatever is under discussion is nearby, but those beginning with "how far" do not necessarily carry the implication of long distance.

A although their opposites do not; for example, questions beginning with "how close," a construction implying that whatever is under discussion is nearby, but those beginning with "how far" do not necessarily carry the implication of long distance

B unlike their opposites; for example, by beginning a question with "how close," speakers imply that whatever is under discussion is nearby, but they do not necessarily imply a long distance in beginning them with "how far."

C while their opposites do not; for instance, questions beginning with "how close" imply that whatever is being discussed is nearby, but those beginning with "how far" do not necessarily imply a long distance.

D that their opposites lack; in the case of speakers who begin questions with "how close," for instance, it is implied that whatever is under discussion is nearby, but for those who begin questions with "how far" there is no corresponding implication of long distance.

E that their opposites do not; for instance, when speakers begin questions with "how close," implying that whatever is being discussed is nearby, but when they begin questions with "how far" a long distance is not necessarily implied.

woah..very long question...took me over 2 minutes to get down to the answer choice...
A lacks a verb for the subject questions
same mistake makes E
in B - they is ambiguous...moreover, i don't like "unlike their opposites"...
D - nothing wrong with it...though..it is very wordy..and IT looks to be used as a placeholder...
C seems better...
Re: Many English adjectives, when included in questions,   [#permalink] 10 Nov 2016, 16:52
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