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Many farmers have begun to switch from traditional crops to geneticall

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Many farmers have begun to switch from traditional crops to geneticall  [#permalink]

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New post 01 May 2018, 23:42
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Many farmers have begun to switch from traditional crops to genetically-modified crops, which help to increase yield and protect against potential loss from disease or insect infestation. In doing so, however, these farmers take a large risk: at any point, the government could ban or heavily restrict these genetically-modified crops, rendering an entire year’s work useless.

Which of the following can be inferred from the information above?


A. It is riskier for a farmer to grow genetically-modified crops than to grow traditional crops.

B. The government should consider the impact that a law against genetically-modified crops would have on farmers.

C. Farmers who grow traditional crops are taking a risk in doing so.

D. It is unwise for farmers to switch from traditional crops to genetically-modified crops.

E. Unless a law is passed banning genetically-modified crops, farmers are better-served by growing genetically-modified crops than by growing traditional crops.

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Re: Many farmers have begun to switch from traditional crops to geneticall  [#permalink]

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New post 03 May 2018, 01:00
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Bunuel wrote:
Many farmers have begun to switch from traditional crops to genetically-modified crops, which help to increase yield and protect against potential loss from disease or insect infestation. In doing so, however, these farmers take a large risk: at any point, the government could ban or heavily restrict these genetically-modified crops, rendering an entire year’s work useless.

Which of the following can be inferred from the information above?


A. It is riskier for a farmer to grow genetically-modified crops than to grow traditional crops.

B. The government should consider the impact that a law against genetically-modified crops would have on farmers.

C. Farmers who grow traditional crops are taking a risk in doing so.

D. It is unwise for farmers to switch from traditional crops to genetically-modified crops.

E. Unless a law is passed banning genetically-modified crops, farmers are better-served by growing genetically-modified crops than by growing traditional crops.



VERITAS PREP OFFICIAL SOLUTION:



This Inference question uses the classic testmaker device of misdirection. Remember: in an Inference question the correct answer MUST BE TRUE. So while the author's purpose in writing this paragraph may be to highlight the risks inherent in switching from traditional crops to to genetically-modified crops, the answer choices consistent with that theme go just a bit too far to be provable:

(A) Can you really prove that genetically-modified crops are riskier to grow than traditional crops? You know from the stimulus that genetically-modified crops help to eliminate the risks from disease and insect infestation: could those risks inherent with traditional crops be larger than the risk of a law banning genetic modification? Note also that the government could pass such a law, but the argument doesn't give a probability for how likely that is to happen. So this comparison isn't one that can be drawn without further information.

For the same reason (D) is incorrect. Is it provable that it's unwise to switch to genetically-modified crops when you don't even know which type of crop is riskier?

By the same logic, (E) - which goes the opposite direction and says that without a law banning genetically-modified crops it's a good idea to grow them instead of traditional crops - is also not necessarily true. You just don't know all those factors: what if, for example, genetically-modified crops become associated with health risks, or consumer sentiment otherwise turns against them and they don't sell for nearly the amount that traditional crops would? Or the costs associated with the genetic modification are higher than the increase in profits would be?

Choice (C) is correct, as it's something you can definitely prove: the fist sentence talks about two risks with traditional crops:

Modified crops "...protect against potential loss from disease or insect infestation." Potential loss is a risk, so choice (C) has definitive proof and is therefore correct. Alas, the testmaker misdirects you away from it by making the gist of the argument talk about the risks with the other type of crop - let this be a lesson that the "must be true" inference standard is the crux of Inference questions. The right answer must be true, but it need not be the main point of the paragraph.
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Re: Many farmers have begun to switch from traditional crops to geneticall  [#permalink]

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New post 01 May 2018, 23:48
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Bunuel wrote:
Many farmers have begun to switch from traditional crops to genetically-modified crops, which help to increase yield and protect against potential loss from disease or insect infestation. In doing so, however, these farmers take a large risk: at any point, the government could ban or heavily restrict these genetically-modified crops, rendering an entire year’s work useless.

Which of the following can be inferred from the information above?


A. It is riskier for a farmer to grow genetically-modified crops than to grow traditional crops.

B. The government should consider the impact that a law against genetically-modified crops would have on farmers.

C. Farmers who grow traditional crops are taking a risk in doing so.

D. It is unwise for farmers to switch from traditional crops to genetically-modified crops.

E. Unless a law is passed banning genetically-modified crops, farmers are better-served by growing genetically-modified crops than by growing traditional crops.


Ans: E (IMO)
because unless the law is passed G modified corps are better. My take..
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Re: Many farmers have begun to switch from traditional crops to geneticall  [#permalink]

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New post 02 May 2018, 07:33
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Bunuel wrote:
Many farmers have begun to switch from traditional crops to genetically-modified crops, which help to increase yield and protect against potential loss from disease or insect infestation. In doing so, however, these farmers take a large risk: at any point, the government could ban or heavily restrict these genetically-modified crops, rendering an entire year’s work useless.

Which of the following can be inferred from the information above?


A. It is riskier for a farmer to grow genetically-modified crops than to grow traditional crops.

B. The government should consider the impact that a law against genetically-modified crops would have on farmers.

C. Farmers who grow traditional crops are taking a risk in doing so.

D. It is unwise for farmers to switch from traditional crops to genetically-modified crops.

E. Unless a law is passed banning genetically-modified crops, farmers are better-served by growing genetically-modified crops than by growing traditional crops.


Imo D

A statement should be 10% correct and can be referenced properly from the argument .
A we can not say it may be riskier to grow GM crop than to grow traditional crop or it may not be .There can be bad weather that can devastate traditional crop or there can be a ban on GM crop thus rending the crop waste .
B This is out of scope .
C Farmers are also taking the risk in not growing GM crops as there can be bad weather that can hamper traditional crop if they are grown .
D Correct
E It is the paraphrasing of the argument .It does not give any new information .
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Re: Many farmers have begun to switch from traditional crops to geneticall  [#permalink]

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New post 03 May 2018, 00:56
Bunuel
The answer should be option D.It should not be option C.Option C directly opposes the conclusion of the argument.
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Re: Many farmers have begun to switch from traditional crops to geneticall  [#permalink]

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New post 03 May 2018, 22:14
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arvind910619 wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
Many farmers have begun to switch from traditional crops to genetically-modified crops, which help to increase yield and protect against potential loss from disease or insect infestation. In doing so, however, these farmers take a large risk: at any point, the government could ban or heavily restrict these genetically-modified crops, rendering an entire year’s work useless.

Which of the following can be inferred from the information above?


A. It is riskier for a farmer to grow genetically-modified crops than to grow traditional crops.

B. The government should consider the impact that a law against genetically-modified crops would have on farmers.

C. Farmers who grow traditional crops are taking a risk in doing so.

D. It is unwise for farmers to switch from traditional crops to genetically-modified crops.

E. Unless a law is passed banning genetically-modified crops, farmers are better-served by growing genetically-modified crops than by growing traditional crops.


Imo D

A statement should be 10% correct and can be referenced properly from the argument .
A we can not say it may be riskier to grow GM crop than to grow traditional crop or it may not be .There can be bad weather that can devastate traditional crop or there can be a ban on GM crop thus rending the crop waste .
B This is out of scope .
C Farmers are also taking the risk in not growing GM crops as there can be bad weather that can hamper traditional crop if they are grown .
D Correct
E It is the paraphrasing of the argument .It does not give any new information .


Yes indeed the answer is C after reading official explanation .
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Many farmers have begun to switch from traditional crops to geneticall  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jan 2019, 11:22
Question Type: Inference

A. It is riskier for a farmer to grow genetically-modified crops than to grow traditional crops.
Incorrect: Not explicitly mentioned in the passage. There is no such comparison stated.

B. The government should consider the impact that a law against genetically-modified crops would have on farmers.
Incorrect: Out of scope.

C. Farmers who grow traditional crops are taking a risk in doing so.
Correct: Maybe, there is a large risk to growing GM crops so there could be a risk to traditional ones. Looks promising. And farmers are in fact taking a risk by growing traditional crops which have lower yields and are prone to infestations. This statement is not about relative risk but about A RISK. A very important distinction to make.

D. It is unwise for farmers to switch from traditional crops to genetically-modified crops.
Incorrect: Language is too strong. Completely out of scope. The question asks us to infer i.e. draw conclusions not to give recommendations.


E. Unless a law is passed banning genetically-modified crops, farmers are better-served by growing genetically-modified crops than by growing traditional crops.
Incorrect: Reading between the lines, we notice that this a trap answer because nowhere is it mentioned that farmers are better served. For all we know cultivation and storage costs for GM costs are higher than those for traditional crops. This would lower overall profit margins. The outcome to the farmer is unknown. This answer does look very tempting which makes it even more misleading!
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Re: Many farmers have begun to switch from traditional crops to geneticall  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jan 2019, 02:23
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My take on the options:-

A. Inaccurate- The passage does not talk of relative risks undertaken by the crop planters.

B. Value judgment rather than inference

C. Correct, as traditional plant growers are taking risks, like disease and pest.

D. Value Judgment

E. We do not know this as no risks other than policy risks are mentioned vis-a-vis the traditional crop planters.
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Re: Many farmers have begun to switch from traditional crops to geneticall  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jun 2019, 02:39
We should start taking all answers in forums with a grain of salt - otherwise run the risk of forgetting english completely I guess.

Have a look at the strange play of 'in doing so" - that's the inference clue.
In doing what? So for that lets get back to the first sentence
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Re: Many farmers have begun to switch from traditional crops to geneticall   [#permalink] 15 Jun 2019, 02:39
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