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# Many major scientific discoveries of the past were the

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CEO
Joined: 15 Aug 2003
Posts: 3454
Many major scientific discoveries of the past were the [#permalink]

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17 Mar 2004, 09:20
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Many major scientific discoveries of the past were the product of serendipity, the chance discovery of valuable findings that investigators had not purposely sought. Now, however, scientific research tends to be so costly that investigators are heavily dependent on large grants to fund their research. Because such grants require investigators to provide the grant sponsors with clear projections of the outcome of the proposed research, investigators ignore anything that does not directly bear on the funded research. Therefore, under the prevailing circumstances, serendipity can no longer play a role in scientific discovery.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

(A) Only findings that an investigator purposely seeks can directly bear on that investigator's research.

(B) In the past few scientific investigators attempted to make clear predictions of the outcome of their research.

(C) Dependence on large grants is preventing investigators from conducting the type of scientific research that those investigators would personally prefer.

(D) All scientific investigators who provide grant sponsors with clear projections of the outcome of their research receive at least some of the grants for which they apply.

(E) In general the most valuable scientific discoveries are the product of serendipity

Last edited by Praetorian on 17 Mar 2004, 11:28, edited 1 time in total.
GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 15 Dec 2003
Posts: 4288

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17 Mar 2004, 09:45
D for me. Less than 2 min.
If some applicants for grants do not receive the grants they applied for, then it is not true that serendipity can no longer play a role in scientific discovery. For instance, even though some research, at first without any clear projection, did not receive grant, those reasearch could still lead to some great discoveries.
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Paul

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Joined: 27 Feb 2004
Posts: 185
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17 Mar 2004, 10:17
A for me...But the presence of ONLY is telling me it might be wrong....I could not agree with any of the other options....
SVP
Joined: 30 Oct 2003
Posts: 1790
Location: NewJersey USA

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17 Mar 2004, 11:37
1.5 minutes.

I will go with A on this one.
CEO
Joined: 15 Aug 2003
Posts: 3454
Re: [#8] CR Challenge : Discoveries [#permalink]

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17 Mar 2004, 19:46
praetorian123 wrote:
1. Time yourself
2. Solve this the way you would on your actual gmat.

24. Many major scientific discoveries of the past were the product of serendipity, the chance discovery of valuable findings that investigators had not purposely sought. Now, however, scientific research tends to be so costly that investigators are heavily dependent on large grants to fund their research. Because such grants require investigators to provide the grant sponsors with clear projections of the outcome of the proposed research, investigators ignore anything that does not directly bear on the funded research. Therefore, under the prevailing circumstances, serendipity can no longer play a role in scientific discovery.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

(A) Only findings that an investigator purposely seeks can directly bear on that investigator's research.

(B) In the past few scientific investigators attempted to make clear predictions of the outcome of their research.

(C) Dependence on large grants is preventing investigators from conducting the type of scientific research that those investigators would personally prefer.

(D) All scientific investigators who provide grant sponsors with clear projections of the outcome of their research receive at least some of the grants for which they apply.

(E) In general the most valuable scientific discoveries are the product of serendipity

A is best.

TIP: For assumption questions, negate the assumption [in the answer choices] and see whether the argument is destoyed.

Negate A;
Only findings that an investigator purposely seeks cannot directly bear on that investigator's research. The argument does not hold true. Because it says that serendipity is an important factor influencing research.
Intern
Joined: 05 Aug 2014
Posts: 10
Re: Many major scientific discoveries of the past were the [#permalink]

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11 Apr 2016, 05:40
I will go with option A in this case.
Re: Many major scientific discoveries of the past were the   [#permalink] 11 Apr 2016, 05:40
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