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# Many New Yorkers falsely believe that extreme temperatures

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Manager
Status: Keep fighting!
Joined: 31 Jul 2010
Posts: 220

Kudos [?]: 547 [8], given: 104

WE 1: 2+ years - Programming
WE 2: 3+ years - Product developement,
WE 3: 2+ years - Program management
Many New Yorkers falsely believe that extreme temperatures [#permalink]

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02 Oct 2010, 08:02
8
KUDOS
00:00

Difficulty:

75% (hard)

Question Stats:

49% (01:22) correct 51% (01:52) wrong based on 140 sessions

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Many New Yorkers falsely believe that extreme temperatures in winter will be followed by extreme temperatures in the following summer. The three New York winters with the lowest average temperature were followed by summers in which the average temperature was extremely high, yet the two hottest New York winters were also followed by summers whose average temperatures were extremely high.

Which of the following describes the greatest flaw in the author's reasoning?

-New York winters and summers are not necessarily representative of winters and summers in other locations.
-The author appeals to a previous argument that contains circular reasoning.
-The evidence presented is insufficient to decide the matter with full certainty.
-A causal relationship is being assumed without being proven.
-The evidence presented supports the claim it is intended to refute.

Don't forget KUDOS if you like the question. This is from KAPLAN CAT.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Kudos [?]: 547 [8], given: 104

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Current Student
Status: Three Down.
Joined: 09 Jun 2010
Posts: 1914

Kudos [?]: 2243 [0], given: 210

Concentration: General Management, Nonprofit

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02 Oct 2010, 08:09
The first line of the stimulus states the conclusion: Author is saying extreme temperature in winter does NOT mean extreme temperature in summer.

Then he presents evidence that says:

Very cold winter = very hot summer (extreme = extreme)
Very hot winter = very hot summer (extreme = extreme)

This contradicts what he is saying. Now let's looking at the answer choices with this in mind:

hemanthp wrote:
Many New Yorkers falsely believe that extreme temperatures in winter will be followed by extreme temperatures in the following summer. The three New York winters with the lowest average temperature were followed by summers in which the average temperature was extremely high, yet the two hottest New York winters were also followed by summers whose average temperatures were extremely high.

Which of the following describes the greatest flaw in the author's reasoning?

-New York winters and summers are not necessarily representative of winters and summers in other locations. We don't care about other locations - out of scope.
-The author appeals to a previous argument that contains circular reasoning. There is no reasoning here. There is merely a stated conclusion and observations/evidence related to it.
-The evidence presented is insufficient to decide the matter with full certainty. Not really, it seems to clearly point out that the conclusion was wrong
-A causal relationship is being assumed without being proven. This doesn't say anything about causality.
-The evidence presented supports the claim it is intended to refute. This is true. The author is trying to say that extreme does not always mean extreme but in turn ends up proving the same. So correct.

On a side note: Perhaps you can add the kudos line to your signature so you don't have to post it in every note.

Kudos [?]: 2243 [0], given: 210

Manager
Status: Keep fighting!
Joined: 31 Jul 2010
Posts: 220

Kudos [?]: 547 [0], given: 104

WE 1: 2+ years - Programming
WE 2: 3+ years - Product developement,
WE 3: 2+ years - Program management

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02 Oct 2010, 08:35
The signature strategy had zero success and the inline comment had moderate. NEvertheless I still do not get KUDOS . I don't manually write each time anyways.

Kudos [?]: 547 [0], given: 104

Current Student
Status: Three Down.
Joined: 09 Jun 2010
Posts: 1914

Kudos [?]: 2243 [0], given: 210

Concentration: General Management, Nonprofit

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02 Oct 2010, 08:44
Haha, like I mentioned the quality of your posts matter. I understand you'd like to get kudos, but do understand that not every user might feel inclined to do that extra second of work. Having a bold signature is enough; we just don't want users posting threads simply for the sake of getting kudos

Kudos [?]: 2243 [0], given: 210

Senior Manager
Status: Time to step up the tempo
Joined: 24 Jun 2010
Posts: 403

Kudos [?]: 265 [0], given: 50

Location: Milky way
Schools: ISB, Tepper - CMU, Chicago Booth, LSB

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02 Oct 2010, 09:23
hemanthp wrote:
Many New Yorkers falsely believe that extreme temperatures in winter will be followed by extreme temperatures in the following summer. The three New York winters with the lowest average temperature were followed by summers in which the average temperature was extremely high, yet the two hottest New York winters were also followed by summers whose average temperatures were extremely high.

Which of the following describes the greatest flaw in the author's reasoning?

-New York winters and summers are not necessarily representative of winters and summers in other locations.
-The author appeals to a previous argument that contains circular reasoning.
-The evidence presented is insufficient to decide the matter with full certainty.
-A causal relationship is being assumed without being proven.
-The evidence presented supports the claim it is intended to refute.

Don't forget KUDOS if you like the question. This is from KAPLAN CAT.

Vote for option E. I thought the key in the stimulus was the words 'falsely' and 'yet'.
Falsely would mean that the author intends to refute a claim. And yet meant a change in direction. Also 'yet' is present after a fact which intended to support the claim.
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Kudos [?]: 265 [0], given: 50

Manager
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Kudos [?]: 56 [0], given: 15

WE 1: 4 years Software Product Development
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02 Oct 2010, 21:36
I went for C as I assumed that extreme temperature in Winters only implied very low temperatures. But based on the explanation and OA I assume that very hot winters also means extreme temperature in Winters.
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Kudos [?]: 56 [0], given: 15

Manager
Joined: 08 Sep 2010
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Kudos [?]: 332 [0], given: 21

Location: India
WE 1: 6 Year, Telecom(GSM)

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03 Oct 2010, 07:58
Got it right.E

Kudos [?]: 332 [0], given: 21

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Kudos [?]: 277 [0], given: 0

Re: Many New Yorkers falsely believe that extreme temperatures [#permalink]

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19 Feb 2015, 21:10
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.

Kudos [?]: 277 [0], given: 0

Non-Human User
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10204

Kudos [?]: 277 [0], given: 0

Re: Many New Yorkers falsely believe that extreme temperatures [#permalink]

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23 Mar 2016, 05:06
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.

Kudos [?]: 277 [0], given: 0

Re: Many New Yorkers falsely believe that extreme temperatures   [#permalink] 23 Mar 2016, 05:06
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