Many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the

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CEO
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Many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the [#permalink]

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30 Apr 2008, 03:05
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Many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries.

A. Many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries.

B. Chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with many hundreds of monasteries.

C. Hundreds of monasteries, many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, are dotting the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia.

D. The mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries, many of which are chiseled from solid rock centuries ago.

E. The mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries, many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago.
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30 Apr 2008, 03:38
I was between D and E, but I think E is better because past sentence should be used in sentences where there is 'ago'.

IMO:E
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30 Apr 2008, 03:53
Answer C, "them" in E has a confusing antecedent.
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30 Apr 2008, 04:07
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I think C is not correct, since 'are dotting' says that dotting is happening now, but the monasteries are already dotted in the past.
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30 Apr 2008, 12:38
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bsd_lover wrote:
Many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries.

A. Many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries.

B. Chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with many hundreds of monasteries.

C. Hundreds of monasteries, many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, are dotting the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia.

D. The mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries, many of which are chiseled from solid rock centuries ago.

E. The mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries, many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago.

I choose E.

A and B both suggest that the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia were chiseled from solid rock centuries ago.

Choice C suggests that the monasteries are still currently "dotting" the region. Choice D to me uses "are" which would suggest that the event happened in the past and is continuing on to the present.

Choice E seems to make the most sense.
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30 Apr 2008, 13:32
I think it is E.
A, B has modifier issues.
C, the tense is wrong and it simply just doesnt make sense.
Between D and E, need past tense since they were chiseled 'centuries ago'.
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30 Apr 2008, 15:19
wow..I am stuck between C and E..i think C is correct...these monteseries still dot the region..nothing has stopped them from doing that? did they get destroyed??

i dont agree with the reasons given above for why E is correct..

while i looked up and the OA floating around is E..i am not sure if its correct!
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30 Apr 2008, 15:32
Guys C is incorrect because of usage of adjective "dotted" as a verb "dotting" - think about it. Monasteries are dotting something ? v/s Mountains being dotted with monasteries. When I did this question I narrowed it down to D and E and went for D. Unfortunately D is incorrect the OA is E.

The only difference between D and E is the usage of them v/s which. Anybody know exactly why "which" is incorrect in D ?
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30 Apr 2008, 15:33
+1 RyanDe, gixxer and zoltan for explaining why D should be eliminated. This is what I wanted to know.

RyanDe680 wrote:
I choose E.

A and B both suggest that the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia were chiseled from solid rock centuries ago.

Choice C suggests that the monasteries are still currently "dotting" the region. Choice D to me uses "are" which would suggest that the event happened in the past and is continuing on to the present.

Choice E seems to make the most sense.
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30 Apr 2008, 15:36
bsd_lover wrote:
Many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries.

A. Many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries.

B. Chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with many hundreds of monasteries.

C. Hundreds of monasteries, many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, are dotting the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia.

D. The mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries, many of which are chiseled from solid rock centuries ago.

E. The mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries, many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago.

I believe that the mountanous regions are what was "chiseled from solid rock centuries ago", not the monasteries.

Answer choices C, D, and E seem to make the monasteries chiseled from solid rock, rather than the mountaneous regions.

Answer choice B uses the term "Many" to refer to monasteries, whereas the original sentence uses Many to refer to mountaineous regions.

As there is nothing wrong with the references in the original sentence, I think answer choices B-E all change the meaning of the sentence, and therefore the correct answer is A.
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30 Apr 2008, 16:41
terp06 wrote:
bsd_lover wrote:
Many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries.

A. Many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries.

B. Chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with many hundreds of monasteries.

C. Hundreds of monasteries, many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, are dotting the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia.

D. The mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries, many of which are chiseled from solid rock centuries ago.

E. The mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries, many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago.

I believe that the mountanous regions are what was "chiseled from solid rock centuries ago", not the monasteries.

Answer choices C, D, and E seem to make the monasteries chiseled from solid rock, rather than the mountaneous regions.

Answer choice B uses the term "Many" to refer to monasteries, whereas the original sentence uses Many to refer to mountaineous regions.

As there is nothing wrong with the references in the original sentence, I think answer choices B-E all change the meaning of the sentence, and therefore the correct answer is A.

terp,

A monastery is a building. A region is an area.

You can chisel a building out of rock. You cant chisel southern California out of rock.
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30 Apr 2008, 18:59
gixxer1000 wrote:
terp06 wrote:
bsd_lover wrote:
Many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries.

A. Many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries.

B. Chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with many hundreds of monasteries.

C. Hundreds of monasteries, many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, are dotting the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia.

D. The mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries, many of which are chiseled from solid rock centuries ago.

E. The mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries, many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago.

I believe that the mountanous regions are what was "chiseled from solid rock centuries ago", not the monasteries.

Answer choices C, D, and E seem to make the monasteries chiseled from solid rock, rather than the mountaneous regions.

Answer choice B uses the term "Many" to refer to monasteries, whereas the original sentence uses Many to refer to mountaineous regions.

As there is nothing wrong with the references in the original sentence, I think answer choices B-E all change the meaning of the sentence, and therefore the correct answer is A.

terp,

A monastery is a building. A region is an area.

You can chisel a building out of rock. You cant chisel southern California out of rock.

I had my definition of chisel wrong. Thanks for the explanation
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30 Apr 2008, 22:19
fresinha12 wrote:
wow..I am stuck between C and E..i think C is correct...these monteseries still dot the region..nothing has stopped them from doing that? did they get destroyed??

i dont agree with the reasons given above for why E is correct..

while i looked up and the OA floating around is E..i am not sure if its correct!

C is wrong for the reason bsd mentioned. The monasteries simply cannot perform the act of "dotting". The latter is a passive verb which cannot be used in an active way.
For instance, you cannot say that many "logos are dotting your tie" but will rather say that your "tie is dotted with many logos"

D is incorrect simply because of conciseness. E's phrasal format is better to the longer sentence in D.
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30 Apr 2008, 23:01
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thanks for that paul - is there something about the "them" vs the "which" that I need to worry about here ? Or are they both correct ?
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01 May 2008, 00:57
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IMO, the use of "which" is not wrong. However, remember how "which" is used to introduce clauses rather than phrases. As such, this automatically introduces a verb (ie "are") in D and makes it more wordy.
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01 May 2008, 03:04
Hey great explanation. +1 for BSD for posting this question.
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01 May 2008, 07:29
dushver wrote:
Hey great explanation. +1 for BSD for posting this question.

+1, this was a good question for disccusion/review.
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01 May 2008, 07:34
Is it possible that which is singular, and them is better referring to plural objects in this case?

I picked E anyway.
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01 May 2008, 07:38
No, "which" can certainly refer to plural antecedents
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01 May 2008, 07:52
Then the only reason D is wrong is because of the usage of "are"

That would make D a run-on sentence, a ";" should be placed in between.
Re: SC - Monastaries   [#permalink] 01 May 2008, 07:52

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