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# Many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the

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Manager
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Many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the [#permalink]

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19 Aug 2004, 15:06
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Many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries.

(A) Many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries.
(B) Chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with many hundreds of monasteries.
(C) Hundreds of monasteries, many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, are dotting the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia.
(D) The mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries, many of which are chiseled from solid rock centuries ago.
(E) The mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries, many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago

This is simple but it is testing very delicate issue -at least for me-, so please explain your answer.

Thanks

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19 Aug 2004, 15:22
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I go for E.

Many of them chiseled from solid rock refers to the monasteries, not the mountainous regions.

NM.

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19 Aug 2004, 19:30
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I'd also go with E for conciseness. E's absolute phrase (pronoun+participle) is prefered to D's wordier relative clause
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19 Aug 2004, 19:40
(A) is out, it seems to mountainous regions of northern ethiopia, which isn't the intent of the sentence
(B) is guilty of the same thing.
(C) is out, are dotting is in the wrong tense
(E) I don't know how to explain why D is wrong, but I know it is, somehow the 'which' does not make it look as good as (E) which uses 'them' to properly refer to the monasteries

(E) for me.

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19 Aug 2004, 19:43
Why "them" (in E) is preferable to "which" (in D)?

All of you correct!

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19 Aug 2004, 19:45
I think the use of a pronoun coming right after monasteries makes it clear that the monasteries are chiselled from the rocks.

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25 Aug 2004, 08:36
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"monastaries are dotting" is unidiomatic
It shoud be "regions are DOTTED WITH monastaries"

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27 Jul 2007, 02:35
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ywilfred wrote:
I think the use of a pronoun coming right after monasteries makes it clear that the monasteries are chiselled from the rocks.

hmm...

it would be far better if it read many of whom, that way we know its a relative pronoun...

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27 Jul 2007, 14:41
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It might be rather dumb of me to ask this question,

Option A, removes the dangling modifier error, but yea it's meaning is different while still remaining gramatically correct. Why isn't it right to assume that it is indeed the mountains that have been chiseled from solid rock??? Any thoughts????

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27 Jul 2007, 23:31
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afife76 wrote:
Many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries.

(A) Many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries.
(B) Chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with many hundreds of monasteries.
(C) Hundreds of monasteries, many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, are dotting the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia.
(D) The mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries, many of which are chiseled from solid rock centuries ago.
(E) The mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries, many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago

This is simple but it is testing very delicate issue -at least for me-, so please explain your answer.

Thanks

I am down to D and E.

Which Vs. Them
'
I chose D... because "them" could mean either the mountain regions or the monastries

But which doesnt sound too good. But I remember reading in this same forum that "which" will always refer to the noun just before it.

Can someone explain why this thought process is wrong?

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12 Oct 2007, 21:23
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(D) is out: "are chiseled... centuries ago" => wrong verb tense.

=> (E).

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13 Oct 2007, 00:52
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afife76 wrote:
Many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries.

(A) Many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries.
(B) Chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with many hundreds of monasteries.
(C) Hundreds of monasteries, many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, are dotting the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia.
(D) The mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries, many of which are chiseled from solid rock centuries ago.
(E) The mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries, many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago

The sentence has modifying error...Zeroed down to C & E..........any day i wud prefer present over continuous tense! So E for me.....

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13 Oct 2007, 21:26
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afife76 wrote:
Many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries.

(A) Many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries.
(B) Chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with many hundreds of monasteries.
(C) Hundreds of monasteries, many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, are dotting the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia.
(D) The mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries, many of which are chiseled from solid rock centuries ago.
(E) The mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries, many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago

This is simple but it is testing very delicate issue -at least for me-, so please explain your answer.

Thanks

I would go with D. because of "Which" makes it clear that it refers to the monasteries

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13 Oct 2007, 21:30
solidcolor wrote:
(D) is out: "are chiseled... centuries ago" => wrong verb tense.

=> (E).

After reading everyones thoughts....def. I can see why i am wrong. its E!!!

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Re: Many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the [#permalink]

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18 Dec 2013, 07:49
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the [#permalink]

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04 Feb 2015, 08:42
what level question is this? i found this when i clicked on the 500level SC questions, but when i google this questions i get another post from gmatclub saying this is a 700level question.

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Re: Many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the [#permalink]

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04 Feb 2015, 19:29
btan219 wrote:
what level question is this? i found this when i clicked on the 500level SC questions, but when i google this questions i get another post from gmatclub saying this is a 700level question.

Levels are not that scrutinized most of the times and are added by the poster of the question based on what he or she thinks.

Here are my thoughts about the question though

The main difference between the sentences does not lie in the words you marked in bold, but in their locations.

In the 1st sentence, "Many of them ... ago," modifies the mountainous regions, meaning that the mountains were chiseled from solid rock. Since mountains occur naturally and are not usually chiseled from rock (unless chiseled is used figuratively), this modifier seems misplaced. Notice that a modifiers such as this always modifies what follows the comma.

In the 2nd sentence, ",many of which ... ago." is a relative clause that modifies the monasteries, indicating that the monasteries were the ones chiseled from solid rock. This modifier is correctly placed. A relative clause modifies only what comes immediately before it.

"Many of" is a quantifier (indicating quantity), applied to to the modifier (many of them) or the relative clause (many of which).
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Re: Many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the [#permalink]

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04 Feb 2015, 22:12
+1 for C. Please post OA. We really want to know the OA.

afife76 wrote:
Many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries.

(A) Many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries.
(B) Chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with many hundreds of monasteries.
(C) Hundreds of monasteries, many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, are dotting the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia.
(D) The mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries, many of which are chiseled from solid rock centuries ago.
(E) The mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries, many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago

This is simple but it is testing very delicate issue -at least for me-, so please explain your answer.

Thanks

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Kudos to you, for helping me with some KUDOS.

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Re: Many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the [#permalink]

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20 Apr 2015, 22:18
D

(A) Many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries.-2 Independent clause connected just by comma ~out~
(B) Chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with many hundreds of monasteries.- modifiers error Chiseled from solid rock centuries ago is not modifier of the mountainous regions ~out~
(C) Hundreds of monasteries, many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, are dotting the mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia.- pronoun ambiguity error THEM- antecedent monasteries or mountainous regions
(D) The mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries, many of which are chiseled from solid rock centuries ago. CORRECT which - modifier of monasteries
(E) The mountainous regions of northern Ethiopia are dotted with hundreds of monasteries, many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago -2 Independent clause connected just by comma ~out~

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Many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the [#permalink]

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21 Apr 2015, 04:01
solidcolor wrote:
(D) is out: "are chiseled... centuries ago" => wrong verb tense.

=> (E).

No, because this sentence is in passive. and in E, are is missing, that makes it wrong, along with the uses of them.
I will go with D. which has been used correctly here.

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Many of them chiseled from solid rock centuries ago, the   [#permalink] 21 Apr 2015, 04:01

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