It is currently 22 Nov 2017, 02:30

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# Many psychologists and sociologists now contend that the

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Manager
Joined: 25 Oct 2004
Posts: 246

Kudos [?]: 30 [0], given: 0

Many psychologists and sociologists now contend that the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

21 Feb 2005, 19:33
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

53% (00:55) correct 47% (01:38) wrong based on 344 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

Many psychologists and sociologists now contend that the deliberate and even brutal aggression integral to some forms of competitive athletics increase the likelihood of imitative violence that erupts among crowds of spectators dominated by young adult males.
(A) increase the likelihood of imitative violence that erupts
(B) increase the likelihood that there will be an eruption of imitative violence
(C) increase the likelihood of imitative violence erupting
(D) increases the likelihood for imitative violence to erupt
(E) increases the likelihood that imitative violence will erupt

Could someody explain

Kudos [?]: 30 [0], given: 0

GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 07 Jul 2004
Posts: 5032

Kudos [?]: 453 [0], given: 0

Location: Singapore

### Show Tags

21 Feb 2005, 20:25
(E)'s use of 'will' suggest that violence is definite. But I think the sentence wants (D), which suggests increased possibility

i'll go with (D)

Kudos [?]: 453 [0], given: 0

Director
Joined: 19 Nov 2004
Posts: 554

Kudos [?]: 281 [0], given: 0

Location: SF Bay Area, USA

### Show Tags

21 Feb 2005, 21:14
A,B,C have S-V agreement errors

D) I don't think Likelihood for is correct usage

E) likelihood that X is a correct idiom ( likellyhood of X is also correct ofcourse)

E)

Kudos [?]: 281 [0], given: 0

Manager
Joined: 13 Oct 2004
Posts: 236

Kudos [?]: 15 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

21 Feb 2005, 21:21
'likelihood of something happening(present continuous)' seems logical.

A and C use that form. C is better. Also it looks like dangerous and brutal aggression is used as a compound noun in this sentence even if aggression itself is singular. None of the other choices match with 'now contend' aspect of the sentence. If it were in the future, perhaps E would have been the better choice.

Kudos [?]: 15 [0], given: 0

Director
Joined: 01 Feb 2003
Posts: 838

Kudos [?]: 130 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

21 Feb 2005, 21:30
Definitely E

as pointed out by nocillis, likelyhood that X indicates the probability of X

Kudos [?]: 130 [0], given: 0

Manager
Joined: 13 Oct 2004
Posts: 236

Kudos [?]: 15 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

21 Feb 2005, 22:05
The OA is probably E, but I am not sure it is 'definite' that this choice cant be reasonably refuted and ruled out as ambiguous.

Kudos [?]: 15 [0], given: 0

VP
Joined: 26 Apr 2004
Posts: 1205

Kudos [?]: 845 [0], given: 0

Location: Taiwan

### Show Tags

22 Feb 2005, 08:52
swath20 wrote:
Many psychologists and sociologists now contend that the deliberate and even brutal aggression integral to some forms of competitive athletics increase the likelihood of imitative violence that erupts among crowds of spectators dominated by young adult males.
(A) increase the likelihood of imitative violence that erupts
(B) increase the likelihood that there will be an eruption of imitative violence
(C) increase the likelihood of imitative violence erupting
(D) increases the likelihood for imitative violence to erupt
(E) increases the likelihood that imitative violence will erupt
Could someody explain

The single subject "aggression" needs single verb.

I go with E.

in choice D, likelihood for imitative violence to erupt seems less concrete.

Kudos [?]: 845 [0], given: 0

Manager
Joined: 25 Oct 2004
Posts: 246

Kudos [?]: 30 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

22 Feb 2005, 12:48
OA is E

Kudos [?]: 30 [0], given: 0

Director
Joined: 25 Aug 2007
Posts: 925

Kudos [?]: 1549 [0], given: 40

WE 1: 3.5 yrs IT
WE 2: 2.5 yrs Retail chain

### Show Tags

26 Apr 2010, 23:26
I marked A.

I chose A for the S-V agreement.
Subject - deliberate and even brutal aggression.

So, we need plural verb, which is in A, B and C. A is better in these three choices. Any more explanations?

swath20 wrote:
Many psychologists and sociologists now contend that the deliberate and even brutal aggression integral to some forms of competitive athletics increase the likelihood of imitative violence that erupts among crowds of spectators dominated by young adult males.
(A) increase the likelihood of imitative violence that erupts
(B) increase the likelihood that there will be an eruption of imitative violence
(C) increase the likelihood of imitative violence erupting
(D) increases the likelihood for imitative violence to erupt
(E) increases the likelihood that imitative violence will erupt

Could someody explain

_________________

Tricky Quant problems: http://gmatclub.com/forum/50-tricky-questions-92834.html
Important Grammer Fundamentals: http://gmatclub.com/forum/key-fundamentals-of-grammer-our-crucial-learnings-on-sc-93659.html

Kudos [?]: 1549 [0], given: 40

Senior Manager
Joined: 06 Jun 2009
Posts: 327

Kudos [?]: 84 [1], given: 0

Location: USA
WE 1: Engineering

### Show Tags

26 Oct 2010, 13:14
1
KUDOS
swath20 wrote:
Many psychologists and sociologists now contend that the deliberate and even brutal aggression integral to some forms of competitive athletics increase the likelihood of imitative violence that erupts among crowds of spectators dominated by young adult males.
(A) increase the likelihood of imitative violence that erupts
(B) increase the likelihood that there will be an eruption of imitative violence
(C) increase the likelihood of imitative violence erupting
(D) increases the likelihood for imitative violence to erupt
(E) increases the likelihood that imitative violence will erupt

E

It has to start with INCREASES ..... therefore A, B & C are out.

likelihood for imitative violence to erupt is incorrect.
l
_________________

All things are possible to those who believe.

Kudos [?]: 84 [1], given: 0

Intern
Joined: 25 Oct 2010
Posts: 15

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 1

### Show Tags

28 Oct 2010, 00:14
i feel it is C.
run-on sentence can be correct when there is cause and effect.
the deliberate and even brutal aggression increase the violence erupting among crowds.

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 1

Current Student
Joined: 15 Jul 2010
Posts: 246

Kudos [?]: 248 [0], given: 65

GMAT 1: 750 Q49 V42

### Show Tags

28 Oct 2010, 23:47
E

Subject for the verb increase is singular noun, aggression.

Between D and E

Idiomatic use of likelihood is either likelihood of ~ing or likelihood that verb.

Likelihood for is unidiomatic, so E is our answer.
_________________

Consider KUDOS if my post was helpful.

My Debrief: http://gmatclub.com/forum/750-q49v42-105591.html#p825487

Kudos [?]: 248 [0], given: 65

Intern
Joined: 11 Dec 2011
Posts: 5

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 1

Re: Many psychologists and sociologists now contend that the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

16 Oct 2012, 03:18
This is not a good question.
"that" in (E) can't function well either as a subordinating conjunction- (Sentence ending with likelihood doesnt sound good) or as a relative pronoun (the initative violence ....... is not a likelihood).

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 1

Manager
Joined: 29 Apr 2012
Posts: 100

Kudos [?]: 82 [0], given: 47

Location: United States
GMAT Date: 10-22-2012

### Show Tags

16 Oct 2012, 05:40
swath20 wrote:
Many psychologists and sociologists now contend that the deliberate and even brutal aggression integral to some forms of competitive athletics increase the likelihood of imitative violence that erupts among crowds of spectators dominated by young adult males.
(A) increase the likelihood of imitative violence that erupts
(B) increase the likelihood that there will be an eruption of imitative violence
(C) increase the likelihood of imitative violence erupting
(D) increases the likelihood for imitative violence to erupt
(E) increases the likelihood that imitative violence will erupt

E

It has to start with INCREASES ..... therefore A, B & C are out.

likelihood for imitative violence to erupt is incorrect.
l

wats wrong with d?
IMO D...
i think the correct idiom wrt contend is...contend for...

Kudos [?]: 82 [0], given: 47

Senior Manager
Joined: 22 Dec 2011
Posts: 295

Kudos [?]: 298 [0], given: 32

Re: Many psychologists and sociologists now contend that the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Oct 2012, 11:32
This is gotta be E

Probability that he will be go to the partly is zero
It is likely that he will go to the party

Like Above, Answer choice uses the correct form!

Kudos [?]: 298 [0], given: 32

VP
Joined: 09 Jun 2010
Posts: 1393

Kudos [?]: 168 [0], given: 916

Re: Many psychologists and sociologists now contend that the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

10 Nov 2012, 11:31
Why D is wrong?

sometimes we use "noun for somebody to do" , for example,

the problem for you to solve is hard

is correct.

but D is wrong because the we need "noun" to be object of the verb "to do"

anyone find "the noun for somebody to do" in which "noun" is not object of "to do", pls, expose it.

I am not clear of this
_________________

visit my facebook to help me.
on facebook, my name is: thang thang thang

Kudos [?]: 168 [0], given: 916

Intern
Joined: 17 Oct 2012
Posts: 19

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 1

Re: Many psychologists and sociologists now contend that the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 Nov 2012, 16:31
I do not think that "likelyhood" takes the preposition "for". Second, based on subject and verb agreement "increases is right choice. Thus "E" fits the answer.

Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 1

Manager
Joined: 20 Aug 2012
Posts: 68

Kudos [?]: 20 [0], given: 5

Schools: Jones '15
Re: Many psychologists and sociologists now contend that the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 Nov 2012, 20:01
swath20 wrote:
Many psychologists and sociologists now contend that the deliberate and even brutal aggression integral to some forms of competitive athletics increase the likelihood of imitative violence that erupts among crowds of spectators dominated by young adult males.
(A) increase the likelihood of imitative violence that erupts
(B) increase the likelihood that there will be an eruption of imitative violence
(C) increase the likelihood of imitative violence erupting
(D) increases the likelihood for imitative violence to erupt
(E) increases the likelihood that imitative violence will erupt

Could someody explain

In my opinion it should be E.
A,B,C are out beause of use of increase vs. increases - subject-verb agreement. Between D and E D feels unidiomatic and awkward (for...to). So E.

Kudos [?]: 20 [0], given: 5

e-GMAT Representative
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2355

Kudos [?]: 9290 [2], given: 341

Re: Many psychologists and sociologists now contend that the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Jul 2013, 07:44
2
KUDOS
Expert's post
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Hi Kanusha,

This is in response to your PM.

Many psychologists and sociologists now contend that the deliberate and even brutal aggression integral to some forms of competitive athletics increase the likelihood of imitative violence that erupts among crowds of spectators dominated by young adult males.

Since the meaning of this sentence is not difficult to understand, let’s move to error analysis:

Error Analysis:
1. Singular subject “aggression” does not agree in number with plural verb “increase”.

PoE:

(A) increase the likelihood of imitative violence that erupts: Incorrect for the reason stated above.

(B) increase the likelihood that there will be an eruption of imitative violence: Incorrect. Same SV agreement error as in choice A.

(C) increase the likelihood of imitative violence erupting: Incorrect. Same SV agreement error as in choice A.

(D) increases the likelihood for imitative violence to erupt: Incorrect. “Likelihood for” is unidiomatic.

(E) increases the likelihood that imitative violence will erupt: Correct.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
_________________

| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

Kudos [?]: 9290 [2], given: 341

Non-Human User
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10128

Kudos [?]: 270 [0], given: 0

Re: Many psychologists and sociologists now contend that the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Jun 2016, 12:34
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.

Kudos [?]: 270 [0], given: 0

Re: Many psychologists and sociologists now contend that the   [#permalink] 28 Jun 2016, 12:34
Display posts from previous: Sort by