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# Many scholars have theorized that economic development,

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Many scholars have theorized that economic development, [#permalink]

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01 Aug 2005, 22:09
Question 1
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54% (02:44) correct 46% (01:33) wrong based on 35

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Question 2
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68% (01:06) correct 32% (00:41) wrong based on 31

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Question 3
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61% (02:08) correct 39% (00:36) wrong based on 31

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Many scholars have theorized that economic development, particularly
industrialization and urbanization, contributes to the growth of participatory
(5) democracy; according to this theory, it would seem logical that women would
both demand and gain suffrage in ever greater numbers whenever economic
development expanded their economic (10) opportunities. However, the economic
development theory is inadequate to explain certain historical facts about the
implementation of women's suffrage. For example, why was women's suffrage, instituted
nationally in the United States in 1920, not instituted nationally in Switzerland until the 1970's?
Industrialization was well advanced in both countries by 1920: over 33 percent
(20) of American workers were employed in various industries, as compared
to 44 percent of Swiss workers. Granted, Switzerland and the United States diverged
in the degree to (25) which the expansion of industry coincide with the degree of urbanization:
only 29 percent of the Swiss population lived in cities of 10,000 or more inhabitants
by 1920. However, urbanization (30) cannot fully explain women's suffrage.
Within the United States prior to 1920, for example, only less urbanized
states had granted women suffrage. Similarly, less urbanized countries
(35) such as Cambodia and Ghana had voting rights for women long before
Switzerland did. It is true that Switzerland urbanized cantons (political
subdivisions) generally enacted (40) women's suffrage legislation earlier
than did rural cantons. However, these cantons often shared other
characteristics similar linguistic back ground and strong leftist parties that
may help to explain this phenomenon .

The passage states which of the following about Switzerlandâ€™s urbanized cantons?
A. These cantons shared characteristics other than urbanization that may have contributed to their implementation of womenâ€™s suffrage.
B. These cantons tended to be more politically divided than were rural cantons.
C. These cantons shared with certain rural cantons characteristics such as similar linguistic backgrounds and strong leftist parties.
D. The populations of these cantons shared similar views because urbanization furthered the diffusion of ideas among them.
E. These cantons were comparable to the most highly urbanized states in the United States in their stance toward the implementation of womenâ€™s suffrage.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
A

The primary purpose of the passage is to
A. contrast two explanations for the implementation of womenâ€™s suffrage
B. demonstrate that one factor contributes more than another factor to the implementation of womenâ€™s suffrage
C. discuss the applicability of a theory for explaining the implementation of womenâ€™s suffrage
D. clarify certain assumptions underlying a particular theory about the implementation of womenâ€™s suffrage
E. explain how a particular historical occurrence was causally connected to the implementation of womenâ€™s suffrage

[Reveal] Spoiler:
C

The passage suggests which of the following about urbanization in Switzerland and the United States by 1920?
A. A greater percentage of Swiss industrial workers than American industrial workers lived in urban areas.
B. There were more cities of 10,000 or more inhabitants in Switzerland than there were in the United States.
C. Swiss workers living in urban areas were more likely to be employed in industry than were American workers living in urban areas.
D. Urbanized areas of Switzerland were more likely than similar areas in the United States to have strong leftist parties.
E. A greater percentage of the United States population than the Swiss population lived in urban areas.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
E

[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #1 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #2 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #3 OA

Last edited by JarvisR on 24 Jun 2015, 10:35, edited 1 time in total.
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Manager
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Re: Many scholars have theorized that economic development, [#permalink]

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02 Aug 2005, 02:52
2
KUDOS
1. A
B,D,E go with POE. C remains for an afterthought...

Within the United States prior to 1920, for example, only less urbanized states had granted women suffrage. Similarly, less urbanized countries such as Cambodia and Ghana had voting rights for women long before Switzerland did. It is true that Switzerland urbanized cantons (political subdivisions) generally enacted womenâ€™s suffrage legislation earlier than did rural cantons. However, these cantons often shared other characteristicsâ€”similar linguistic back ground and strong leftist partiesâ€”that may help to explain this phenomenon.

Phenomenon is here - why urbanized cantons did that before rural ones, whereas in other countries the situation was opposite.
That's why the answer is A.

2. C
Again, others are eliminated by POE.

3. E

Granted, Switzerland and the United States diverged in the degree to which the expansion of industry coincide with the degree of urbanization: only 29 percent of the Swiss population lived in cities of 10,000 or more inhabitants by 1920.
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Re: Many scholars have theorized that economic development, [#permalink]

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01 Aug 2005, 22:23
C
C
E
Still a little rusty..
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Re: Many scholars have theorized that economic development, [#permalink]

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01 Aug 2005, 22:31
A C E
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Re: Many scholars have theorized that economic development, [#permalink]

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07 Aug 2012, 20:25
can someoe tell the OAs please ?
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Re: Many scholars have theorized that economic development, [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2012, 02:10
OA: A C E . These question are from supplemental GMATPrep questions.
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Re: Many scholars have theorized that economic development, [#permalink]

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13 Aug 2012, 07:01
Can anyone explain the answers to first two questions?
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Re: Many scholars have theorized that economic development, [#permalink]

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08 Dec 2014, 11:44
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Re: Many scholars have theorized that economic development, [#permalink]

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20 Feb 2016, 05:45
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Many scholars have theorized that economic development, [#permalink]

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20 Sep 2016, 18:09
more questions for the passage -kindly add -
According to the passage, the scholars mentioned in the highlighted text assert which of the
following about the growth of participatory democracy within a particular nation?
A. It is not necessarily correlated with increasing income and opportunities for women in
that nation.
B. It is not necessarily related to the implementation of women's suffrage within that nation.
C. It cannot adequately explain the nation's level of economic development.
D. It tends to be encouraged by the occurrence of industrialization in that nation.
E. It is to increase with the growth of leftist parties in that nation.

OA - (D)

The passage suggests which of the following about states in the United States prior to 1920?
A. The states that were not highly urbanized were slow to grant women's suffrage.
B. The states that were highly urbanized were the most influential in determining national
policies regarding suffrage.
C. The most highly urbanized states were more likely to have strong leftist parties.
D. The most highly urbanized states were not necessarily the most industrialized ones.
E. The most highly urbanized states had not yet granted women's suffrage.

OA - E
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Re: Many scholars have theorized that economic development, [#permalink]

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23 Oct 2016, 19:09
Can anyone tell me what is the difficulty of this passage.
Re: Many scholars have theorized that economic development,   [#permalink] 23 Oct 2016, 19:09
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# Many scholars have theorized that economic development,

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