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Many scholars have theorized that economic development,

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Re: Many scholars have theorized that economic development,  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Oct 2018, 04:37
3/5
8 mins.
Missed some key facts.
Good 700+ passage.
Got 2nd and 4th wrong. Chose trap options.!!
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Re: Many scholars have theorized that economic development,  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Nov 2018, 00:03
Good level passage
Definitely a 700+ level passage
I took 8 minutes for solving the entire passage ( including the reading time) Got 3 questions correct and 2 incorrect
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Re: Many scholars have theorized that economic development,  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Nov 2018, 05:52
1
keirin79 wrote:
Many scholars have theorized that economic development, particularly industrialization and urbanization, contributes to the growth of participatory democracy; according to this theory, it would seem logical that women would both demand and gain suffrage in ever greater numbers whenever economic development expanded their economic opportunities. However, the economic development theory is inadequate to explain certain historical facts about the implementation of women's suffrage. For example, why was women's suffrage, instituted nationally in the United States in 1920, not instituted nationally in Switzerland until the 1970's? Industrialization was well advanced in both countries by 1920: over 33 percent of American workers were employed in various industries, as compared to 44 percent of Swiss workers. Granted, Switzerland and the United States diverged in the degree to which the expansion of industry coincide with the degree of urbanization: only 29 percent of the Swiss population lived in cities of 10,000 or more inhabitants by 1920. However, urbanization cannot fully explain women's suffrage. Within the United States prior to 1920, for example, only less urbanized states had granted women suffrage. Similarly, less urbanized countries such as Cambodia and Ghana had voting rights for women long before Switzerland did. It is true that Switzerland urbanized cantons (political subdivisions) generally enacted women's suffrage legislation earlier than did rural cantons. However, these cantons often shared other characteristics—similar linguistic background and strong leftist parties—that may help to explain this phenomenon.

1. The primary purpose of the passage is to

A. contrast two explanations for the implementation of women's suffrage
B. demonstrate that one factor contributes more than another factor to the implementation of women's suffrage
C. discuss the applicability of a theory for explaining the implementation of women's suffrage
D. clarify certain assumptions underlying a particular theory about the implementation of women's suffrage
E. explain how a particular historical occurrence was causally connected to the implementation of women's suffrage



2. The passage states which of the following about Switzerland's urbanized cantons?

A. These cantons shared characteristics other than urbanization that may have contributed to their implementation of women's suffrage.
B. These cantons tended to be more politically divided than were rural cantons.
C. These cantons shared with certain rural cantons characteristics such as similar linguistic backgrounds and strong leftist parties.
D. The populations of these cantons shared similar views because urbanization furthered the diffusion of ideas among them.
E. These cantons were comparable to the most highly urbanized states in the United States in their stance toward the implementation of women's suffrage.



3. The passage suggests which of the following about urbanization in Switzerland and the United States by 1920?

A. A greater percentage of Swiss industrial workers than American industrial workers lived in urban areas.
B. There were more cities of 10,000 or more inhabitants in Switzerland than there were in the United States.
C. Swiss workers living in urban areas were more likely to be employed in industry than were American workers living in urban areas.
D. Urbanized areas of Switzerland were more likely than similar areas in the United States to have strong leftist parties.
E. A greater percentage of the United States population than the Swiss population lived in urban areas.

4. The passage suggests which of the following about states in the United States prior to 1920?

A. The states that were not highly urbanized were slow to grant women's suffrage.
B. The states that were highly urbanized were the most influential in determining national policies regarding suffrage.
C. The most highly urbanized states were more likely to have strong leftist parties.
D. The most highly urbanized states were not necessarily the most industrialized ones.
E. The most highly urbanized states had not yet granted women's suffrage.


5. According to the passage, the scholars mentioned in the highlighted text assert which of the following about the growth of participatory democracy within a particular nation?

A. It is not necessarily correlated with increasing income and opportunities for women in that nation.
B. It is not necessarily related to the implementation of women's suffrage within that nation.
C. It cannot adequately explain the nation's level of economic development.
D. It tends to be encouraged by the occurrence of industrialization in that nation.
E. It is to increase with the growth of leftist parties in that nation.




There is no doubt that OA of question no 3 is option E, but can anybody explain based on what logic option C can be eliminated?
As far as my understanding goes, option c can also be inferred.

thanks and regards,
Tamal
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Re: Many scholars have theorized that economic development,  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Nov 2018, 06:04
1
tamal99 wrote:
keirin79 wrote:
Many scholars have theorized that economic development, particularly industrialization and urbanization, contributes to the growth of participatory democracy; according to this theory, it would seem logical that women would both demand and gain suffrage in ever greater numbers whenever economic development expanded their economic opportunities. However, the economic development theory is inadequate to explain certain historical facts about the implementation of women's suffrage. For example, why was women's suffrage, instituted nationally in the United States in 1920, not instituted nationally in Switzerland until the 1970's? Industrialization was well advanced in both countries by 1920: over 33 percent of American workers were employed in various industries, as compared to 44 percent of Swiss workers. Granted, Switzerland and the United States diverged in the degree to which the expansion of industry coincide with the degree of urbanization: only 29 percent of the Swiss population lived in cities of 10,000 or more inhabitants by 1920. However, urbanization cannot fully explain women's suffrage. Within the United States prior to 1920, for example, only less urbanized states had granted women suffrage. Similarly, less urbanized countries such as Cambodia and Ghana had voting rights for women long before Switzerland did. It is true that Switzerland urbanized cantons (political subdivisions) generally enacted women's suffrage legislation earlier than did rural cantons. However, these cantons often shared other characteristics—similar linguistic background and strong leftist parties—that may help to explain this phenomenon.

1. The primary purpose of the passage is to

A. contrast two explanations for the implementation of women's suffrage
B. demonstrate that one factor contributes more than another factor to the implementation of women's suffrage
C. discuss the applicability of a theory for explaining the implementation of women's suffrage
D. clarify certain assumptions underlying a particular theory about the implementation of women's suffrage
E. explain how a particular historical occurrence was causally connected to the implementation of women's suffrage



2. The passage states which of the following about Switzerland's urbanized cantons?

A. These cantons shared characteristics other than urbanization that may have contributed to their implementation of women's suffrage.
B. These cantons tended to be more politically divided than were rural cantons.
C. These cantons shared with certain rural cantons characteristics such as similar linguistic backgrounds and strong leftist parties.
D. The populations of these cantons shared similar views because urbanization furthered the diffusion of ideas among them.
E. These cantons were comparable to the most highly urbanized states in the United States in their stance toward the implementation of women's suffrage.



3. The passage suggests which of the following about urbanization in Switzerland and the United States by 1920?

A. A greater percentage of Swiss industrial workers than American industrial workers lived in urban areas.
B. There were more cities of 10,000 or more inhabitants in Switzerland than there were in the United States.
C. Swiss workers living in urban areas were more likely to be employed in industry than were American workers living in urban areas.
D. Urbanized areas of Switzerland were more likely than similar areas in the United States to have strong leftist parties.
E. A greater percentage of the United States population than the Swiss population lived in urban areas.

4. The passage suggests which of the following about states in the United States prior to 1920?

A. The states that were not highly urbanized were slow to grant women's suffrage.
B. The states that were highly urbanized were the most influential in determining national policies regarding suffrage.
C. The most highly urbanized states were more likely to have strong leftist parties.
D. The most highly urbanized states were not necessarily the most industrialized ones.
E. The most highly urbanized states had not yet granted women's suffrage.


5. According to the passage, the scholars mentioned in the highlighted text assert which of the following about the growth of participatory democracy within a particular nation?

A. It is not necessarily correlated with increasing income and opportunities for women in that nation.
B. It is not necessarily related to the implementation of women's suffrage within that nation.
C. It cannot adequately explain the nation's level of economic development.
D. It tends to be encouraged by the occurrence of industrialization in that nation.
E. It is to increase with the growth of leftist parties in that nation.




There is no doubt that OA of question no 3 is option E, but can anybody explain based on what logic option C can be eliminated?
As far as my understanding goes, option c can also be inferred.

thanks and regards,
Tamal




Hi Tamal,

I would like to help you out with Q 3 my friend

"Switzerland and the United States diverged in the degree to which the expansion of industry coincided with the degree of urbanization: only 29 percent of the Swiss population lived in cities of 10,000 or more inhabitants by 1920. "

If you read these lines we can easily infer Option E

Option Choice C talks about employment of workers in America and Swiss which not relevant and cannot be inferred from the passage.

Kindly give kudos if my explanation helped :)
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Re: Many scholars have theorized that economic development,  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Nov 2018, 19:00
GMATNinja GMATNinjaTwo,

Hi GMATNinja, could you please explain why option D is correct for Q5? I chose option B instead.
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Re: Many scholars have theorized that economic development,  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Nov 2018, 21:40
csaluja wrote:
Hi GMATNinja, could you please explain why option D is correct for Q5? I chose option B instead.

No problem, let's start with the question itself:

Quote:
5. According to the passage, the scholars mentioned in the highlighted text assert which of the following about the growth of participatory democracy within a particular nation?

This is a wordy way of asking, "Which choice matches what the scholars say about the growth of participatory democracy?" The phrase "within a particular nation" is a bit of a weird choice, but it's just another way of saying "within any given nation."

Here's what the passage attributes to these scholars:

    "Many scholars have theorized that economic development, particularly industrialization and urbanization, contributes to the growth of participatory democracy; according to this theory, it would seem logical that women would both demand and gain suffrage in ever greater numbers whenever economic development expanded their economic opportunities."

We know that the author spends the rest of the passage picking apart what these scholars have theorized, using several different nations as examples. But the question doesn't asks us what the author says. The question asks us what the scholars say. And given what we've just read in the passage, the answer seems straightforward: The scholars assert that industrialization and urbanization contribute to the growth of participatory democracy.

Let's look for the choice that matches and eliminate the choices that don't:
Quote:
A. It is not necessarily correlated with increasing income and opportunities for women in that nation.

This is actually closer to the opposite of what the scholars say ("according to this theory, it would seem logical that women would both demand and gain suffrage in ever greater numbers whenever economic development expanded their economic opportunities"). Eliminate (A).

Quote:
B. It is not necessarily related to the implementation of women's suffrage within that nation.

There's no information in the passage to support whether the highlighted scholars make this fine-grain distinction between participatory democracy and women's suffrage (i.e., women's right to vote). Remember, we're looking for the choice that matches what the scholars say, not what the author or anyone else says. So let's eliminate (B), too.

Quote:
C. It cannot adequately explain the nation's level of economic development.

As with (B), this choice isn't supported by the passage. The only thing that we really know about the scholars is that they've theorized that economic development contributes to the growth of participatory democracy. There's no mention of their beliefs regarding whether the growth of participatory democracy explains economic development. Eliminate (C).

Quote:
D. It tends to be encouraged by the occurrence of industrialization in that nation.

Great! The scholars think that industrialization and urbanization contribute to the growth of participatory democracy, and choice (D) says almost exactly the same thing. Let's keep (D) around and check up on the last choice.

Quote:
E. It is to increase with the growth of leftist parties in that nation.

This potential association shows up in the author's observations at the end of the passage, but it doesn't at all match what the scholars say. Eliminate (E).

That's why (D) is the only choice supported by the passage, and why (B) -- not to mention every other choice -- is wrong. I hope this helps!
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Re: Many scholars have theorized that economic development,  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Dec 2018, 07:29
Phew!

Completed in 10 min 50 seconds (tried to make notes)

accuracy 4/5
CAAED
Got the 3rd one incorrect

I know I have overshot the allocated time for a passage, what should be the ideal time for such a passage?
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Re: Many scholars have theorized that economic development, &nbs [#permalink] 04 Dec 2018, 07:29

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