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# Many scholars have theorized that economic development,

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Many scholars have theorized that economic development, [#permalink]

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01 Aug 2005, 22:09
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Many scholars have theorized that economic development, particularly industrialization and urbanization, contributes to the growth of participatory democracy; according to this theory, it would seem logical that women would both demand and gain suffrage in ever greater numbers whenever economic development expanded their economic opportunities. However, the economic development theory is inadequate to explain certain historical facts about the implementation of women's suffrage. For example, why was women's suffrage, instituted nationally in the United States in 1920, not instituted nationally in Switzerland until the 1970's? Industrialization was well advanced in both countries by 1920: over 33 percent of American workers were employed in various industries, as compared to 44 percent of Swiss workers. Granted, Switzerland and the United States diverged in the degree to which the expansion of industry coincide with the degree of urbanization: only 29 percent of the Swiss population lived in cities of 10,000 or more inhabitants by 1920. However, urbanization cannot fully explain women's suffrage. Within the United States prior to 1920, for example, only less urbanized states had granted women suffrage. Similarly, less urbanized countries such as Cambodia and Ghana had voting rights for women long before Switzerland did. It is true that Switzerland urbanized cantons (political subdivisions) generally enacted women's suffrage legislation earlier than did rural cantons. However, these cantons often shared other characteristics—similar linguistic background and strong leftist parties—that may help to explain this phenomenon.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
C

1. The primary purpose of the passage is to

A. contrast two explanations for the implementation of women's suffrage
B. demonstrate that one factor contributes more than another factor to the implementation of women's suffrage
C. discuss the applicability of a theory for explaining the implementation of women's suffrage
D. clarify certain assumptions underlying a particular theory about the implementation of women's suffrage
E. explain how a particular historical occurrence was causally connected to the implementation of women's suffrage

[Reveal] Spoiler:
A

2. The passage states which of the following about Switzerland's urbanized cantons?

A. These cantons shared characteristics other than urbanization that may have contributed to their implementation of women's suffrage.
B. These cantons tended to be more politically divided than were rural cantons.
C. These cantons shared with certain rural cantons characteristics such as similar linguistic backgrounds and strong leftist parties.
D. The populations of these cantons shared similar views because urbanization furthered the diffusion of ideas among them.
E. These cantons were comparable to the most highly urbanized states in the United States in their stance toward the implementation of women's suffrage.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
E

3. The passage suggests which of the following about urbanization in Switzerland and the United States by 1920?

A. A greater percentage of Swiss industrial workers than American industrial workers lived in urban areas.
B. There were more cities of 10,000 or more inhabitants in Switzerland than there were in the United States.
C. Swiss workers living in urban areas were more likely to be employed in industry than were American workers living in urban areas.
D. Urbanized areas of Switzerland were more likely than similar areas in the United States to have strong leftist parties.
E. A greater percentage of the United States population than the Swiss population lived in urban areas.

[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #1 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #2 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #3 OA

Last edited by hazelnut on 06 Jul 2017, 22:54, edited 9 times in total.
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Re: Many scholars have theorized that economic development, [#permalink]

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02 Aug 2005, 02:52
2
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1. A
B,D,E go with POE. C remains for an afterthought...

Within the United States prior to 1920, for example, only less urbanized states had granted women suffrage. Similarly, less urbanized countries such as Cambodia and Ghana had voting rights for women long before Switzerland did. It is true that Switzerland urbanized cantons (political subdivisions) generally enacted womenâ€™s suffrage legislation earlier than did rural cantons. However, these cantons often shared other characteristicsâ€”similar linguistic back ground and strong leftist partiesâ€”that may help to explain this phenomenon.

Phenomenon is here - why urbanized cantons did that before rural ones, whereas in other countries the situation was opposite.
That's why the answer is A.

2. C
Again, others are eliminated by POE.

3. E

Granted, Switzerland and the United States diverged in the degree to which the expansion of industry coincide with the degree of urbanization: only 29 percent of the Swiss population lived in cities of 10,000 or more inhabitants by 1920.

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Re: Many scholars have theorized that economic development, [#permalink]

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14 Aug 2012, 10:09
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Here's how the passage breaks down using some RC Pill strategies (cutting the fluff and connecting the dots, as well as focusing on key transitive phrases)

Economic Development ---> Growth of participatory democracy ----> somehow linked to women's suffrage

- within economic development, 2 key drivers
1) industrialization
2) urbanization

Transitive Phrase which indicated CHANGE IN DIRECTION or AUTHOR's REAL PERSPECTIVE
"HOWEVER, ....." - basically saying that the link between economic development and women's suffrage is not really strong because of....whatever the rest of the passage is going to talk about.

Then starts, "FOR EXAMPLE..."

US and Switzerland were very similar yet there were differences in when women's suffrage was nationally institutionalized.

Those similarities are what..?

As it relates to the TWO economic development drivers mentioned above:
1) industrialization - "Industrialization was well advanced in both countries by 1920"; 33% vs 44%
2) urbanization - "degree of urbanization: only 29 percent of the Swiss population lived in cities of 10,000 or more inhabitants by 1920."
- basically keyword "ONLY" 29% suggests that US had a higher % of population living in urban areas and was more "urbanized"

So when the question asks which one of the following about urbanization was "suggested" by the passage, we have it here. The passage SUGGESTS that US urban rate was higher than Swizz urban rate.

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Re: Many scholars have theorized that economic development, [#permalink]

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28 Apr 2013, 09:55
2
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sandra1122 wrote:
C. These cantons shared with certain rural cantons characteristics such as similar linguistic backgrounds and strong leftist parties.

OA is A. I'm confused with C. Can anybody explain why C is incorrect?

Hi,

C is incorrect because in the passage, the urban cantons 'similar linguistic backgrounds and strong leftist parties' are stated to be shared within the urban cantons.

There is no comparison of 'linguistic backgrounds and strong leftist parties.' between urban and rural cantons.

Hope that helps.

James
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Re: Many scholars have theorized that economic development, [#permalink]

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01 Aug 2005, 22:23
C
C
E
Still a little rusty..
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Many scholars have theorized that economic development, [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2009, 13:17
Many scholars have theorized that economic development, particularly industrialization and urbanization, contributes to the growth of participatory democracy; according to this theory, it would seem logical that women would both demand and gain suffrage in ever greater numbers whenever economic development expanded their economic opportunities. However, the economic development theory is inadequate to explain certain historical facts about the implementation of women's suffrage. For example, why was women's suffrage, instituted nationally in the United States in 1920, not instituted nationally in Switzerland until the 1970's? Industrialization was well advanced in both countries by 1920: over 33 percent of American workers were employed in various industries, as compared to 44 percent of Swiss workers. Granted, Switzerland and the United States diverged in the degree to which the expansion of industry coincide with the degree of urbanization: only 29 percent of the Swiss population lived in cities of 10,000 or more inhabitants by 1920. However, urbanization cannot fully explain women's suffrage. Within the United States prior to 1920, for example, only less urbanized states had granted women suffrage. Similarly, less urbanized countries such as Cambodia and Ghana had voting rights for women long before Switzerland did. It is true that Switzerland urbanized cantons (political subdivisions) generally enacted women's suffrage legislation earlier than did rural cantons. However, these cantons often shared other characteristics—similar linguistic background and strong leftist parties—that may help to explain this phenomenon.

The passage suggests which of the following about urbanization in Switzerland and the United States by 1920?

A. A greater percentage of Swiss industrial workers than American industrial workers lived in urban areas.
B. There were more cities of 10,000 or more inhabitants in Switzerland than there were in the United States.
C. Swiss workers living in urban areas were more likely to be employed in industry than were American workers living in urban areas.
D. Urbanized areas of Switzerland were more likely than similar areas in the United States to have strong leftist parties.
E. A greater percentage of the United States population than the Swiss population lived in urban areas.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
OA is E. Why is C wrong?

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Re: Many scholars have theorized that economic development, [#permalink]

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17 Sep 2009, 09:45
OA E is supported by this line in the passage -

Switzerland and the United States diverged in the degree to which the expansion of industry coincided with the degree of urbanization: only 29 percent of the Swiss population lived in cities of 10,000 or more inhabitants by 1920.

I believe OA C talks about employment of workers in America and Swiss which not relevant in context of this question..

Hope this explanation helps..

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Re: Many scholars have theorized that economic development, [#permalink]

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17 Sep 2009, 10:13
Thanks! That makes sense... I confused industrialization with urbanization which are actually stated separately in two different sentences.

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Re: Many scholars have theorized that economic development, [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2012, 02:10
OA: A C E . These question are from supplemental GMATPrep questions.

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Re: Many scholars have theorized that economic development, [#permalink]

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28 Apr 2013, 01:50
Many scholars have theorized that economic development, particularly industrialization and urbanization, contributes to the growth of participatory democracy; according to this theory, it would seem logical that women would both demand and gain suffrage in ever greater numbers whenever economic development expanded their economic opportunities. However, the economic development theory is inadequate to explain certain historical facts about the implementation of women’s suffrage. For example, why was women’s suffrage, instituted nationally in the United States in 1920, not instituted nationally in Switzerland until the 1970’s? Industrialization was well advanced in both countries by 1920: over 33 percent of American workers were employed in various industries, as compared to 44 percent of Swiss workers. Granted, Switzerland and the United States diverged in the degree to which the expansion of industry coincided with the degree of urbanization: only 29 percent of the Swiss population lived in cities of 10,000 or more inhabitants by 1920. However, urbanization cannot fully explain women’s suffrage. Within the United States prior to 1920, for example, only less urbanized states had granted women suffrage. Similarly, less urbanized countries such as Cambodia and Ghana had voting rights for women long before Switzerland did. It is true that Switzerland’s urbanized cantons (political subdivisions) generally enacted women’s suffrage legislation earlier than did rural cantons. However, these cantons often shared other characteristics—similar linguistic backgrounds and strong leftist parties—that may help to explain this phenomenon.

The passage states which of the following about Switzerland’s urbanized cantons?
A. These cantons shared characteristics other than urbanization that may have contributed to their implementation of women’s suffrage.
B. These cantons tended to be more politically divided than were rural cantons.
C. These cantons shared with certain rural cantons characteristics such as similar linguistic backgrounds and strong leftist parties.
D. The populations of these cantons shared similar views because urbanization furthered the diffusion of ideas among them.
E. These cantons were comparable to the most highly urbanized states in the United States in their stance toward the implementation of women’s suffrage.

OA is A. I'm confused with C. Can anybody explain why C is incorrect?

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Re: Many scholars have theorized that economic development, [#permalink]

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28 Apr 2013, 07:05
Please always put the OA in a spoiler. You spoil the party otherwise.
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Re: Many scholars have theorized that economic development, [#permalink]

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13 Aug 2013, 10:43
plumber250 wrote:
sandra1122 wrote:
C. These cantons shared with certain rural cantons characteristics such as similar linguistic backgrounds and strong leftist parties.

OA is A. I'm confused with C. Can anybody explain why C is incorrect?

Hi,

C is incorrect because in the passage, the urban cantons 'similar linguistic backgrounds and strong leftist parties' are stated to be shared within the urban cantons.

There is no comparison of 'linguistic backgrounds and strong leftist parties.' between urban and rural cantons.

Hope that helps.

James

Hi James,

So you mean that "these cantons" mention in the passage refers to urban cantons instead of both rural and urban cantons?
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Re: Many scholars have theorized that economic development, [#permalink]

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08 Dec 2013, 20:20
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Re: Many scholars have theorized that economic development, [#permalink]

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05 Jul 2014, 01:24
Nice question.
This should be 700+ level
Initially all went wrong.
then corrected

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Re: Many scholars have theorized that economic development, [#permalink]

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08 Dec 2014, 11:44
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Re: Many scholars have theorized that economic development, [#permalink]

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20 Feb 2016, 05:45
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Re: Many scholars have theorized that economic development, [#permalink]

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20 Sep 2016, 18:09
more questions for the passage -kindly add -
According to the passage, the scholars mentioned in the highlighted text assert which of the
following about the growth of participatory democracy within a particular nation?
A. It is not necessarily correlated with increasing income and opportunities for women in
that nation.
B. It is not necessarily related to the implementation of women's suffrage within that nation.
C. It cannot adequately explain the nation's level of economic development.
D. It tends to be encouraged by the occurrence of industrialization in that nation.
E. It is to increase with the growth of leftist parties in that nation.

OA - (D)

The passage suggests which of the following about states in the United States prior to 1920?
A. The states that were not highly urbanized were slow to grant women's suffrage.
B. The states that were highly urbanized were the most influential in determining national
policies regarding suffrage.
C. The most highly urbanized states were more likely to have strong leftist parties.
D. The most highly urbanized states were not necessarily the most industrialized ones.
E. The most highly urbanized states had not yet granted women's suffrage.

OA - E
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Re: Many scholars have theorized that economic development,   [#permalink] 20 Sep 2016, 18:09
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