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# Maps made by non-Native Americans to depict Native American

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Intern
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16 Jul 2011, 22:13
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Question 1
00:00

Question Stats:

69% (02:18) correct 31% (01:26) wrong based on 139

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Question 2
00:00

Question Stats:

53% (01:41) correct 47% (00:30) wrong based on 133

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Question 3
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Question Stats:

58% (01:36) correct 42% (00:45) wrong based on 124

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Question 4
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Question Stats:

55% (02:31) correct 45% (00:44) wrong based on 112

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Maps made by non-Native Americans to depict Native American land tenure, resources andpopulation distributions appeared almost as early as Europeans' first encounters with NativeAmericans and took many form: missionaries' field sketches, explorers' drawings, and surveyors'maps, as well as maps rendered in connection with treaties involving land transfers. Most existingmaps of Native American lands are reconstructions that are based largely on archaeology, oralreports, and evidence gathered from observers' accounts in letter, diaries, and official reports;accordingly, the accuracy of these maps is especially dependent on the mapmakers' owninterpretive abilities.

Many existing maps also reflect the 150-year role of the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) in administering tribal lands. Though these maps incorporate some information gleaned directly from Native Americans, rarely has Native American cartography contributed to this official record, which has been compiled, surveyed, and authenticated by non-Native American tribes and their migrations and cultural features, as well as territoriality and contemporary trust lands, reflects the origins of the data, the mixed purposes for which the maps have been prepared, and changes both I United States government policy and in non-Native Americans’ attitudes toward an understanding of Native Americans.
1. Which of the following best describes the content of the passage?
(A) A chronology of the development of different methods for mapping Native Americans
(B) A discussion of how the mapmaking techniques of Native Americans differed from those of Europeans
(C) An argument concerning the presenta-day uses to which historical maps of Native American lands are put
(D) An argument concerning the nature of information contained in maps of Native American lands
(E) A proposal for improving the accuracy of maps of Native American lands

[Reveal] Spoiler:
D

2. The passage mentions each of the following as a factor affecting current maps of Native American lands EXCEPT
(A) United States government policy
(B) non-Native Americans’ perspective on Native Americans
(C) origins of the information utilized to produce the maps
(D) changes in wys that tribal lands are used
(E) the reason for producing the maps

[Reveal] Spoiler:
D

3. The passage suggests which of the following about most existing maps of Native American lands?
(A) They do not record the migrations of Native American tribes.
(B) They have been preserved primarily because of their connection with treaties involving land transfers.
(C) They tend to reflect archaeological evidence that has become outdated.
(D)They tend to be less accurate when they are based on oral reports than when they are based on written documents.
(E) They are not based primarily on the mapmakers’ firsthand oberservations of Native American lands.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
E

4. All of the following are examples of the type of evidence used in creating “Most existing maps” (line 7-8) EXCEPT
(A) a nineteenth-century governemtn report on population distribtuion of a particular tribe
(B) taped conversations with people who lived on Native America ntribal lands in the early twentieth century
(C) aerial photographs of geological features of lands inhabited by Native Americans
(D) findings from a recently excavated site once inhabited yb a certain Native American people
(E) a journal kept by a non-Native American explorer who traveled in Native American territory in the early nineteenth century

[Reveal] Spoiler:
C

[Reveal] Spoiler:
I choose B as OA, 'cause no where is non-Native Americans’ perspective on Native Americans mentioned. And 'non-Native Americans’ attitudes toward an understanding of Native Americans' mentioned in the passage does NOT mean the same. And usually in GMAT RC, the difference in words and meaning is considered BIG time.

Could somone please explain, why I am wrong? I could not find this question anywhere on the GMATclub so posted. Am sorry if it has already been discussed, someone could please help me with getting the link to the previous discussions on this RC.

Thanks a lot!!
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #1 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #2 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #3 OA
[Reveal] Spoiler: Question #4 OA

Last edited by JarvisR on 07 Jul 2015, 05:08, edited 1 time in total.
Formatted the Para and added missing Qs
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16 Jul 2011, 23:36
IMO - E.
All the others influence the maps except the very reason of it.

What is the OA?
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16 Jul 2011, 23:58
bsaikrishna wrote:
IMO - E.
All the others influence the maps except the very reason of it.

What is the OA?

You are right SaiKrishna, the OA is E...

But why is so? Doesnt 'the mixed purposes for which the maps have been prepared' from the passage refer to E choice?
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13 Nov 2011, 00:30
Are you sure that the OA is E...Because I marked E, but GMATPRep considered it incorrect and showed D as the correct answer.

Could you please confirm the OA.
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25 Apr 2012, 10:33
vivgmat wrote:
Are you sure that the OA is E...Because I marked E, but GMATPRep considered it incorrect and showed D as the correct answer.

Could you please confirm the OA.

OA is D according to GMATPrep software...
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28 Jun 2014, 04:29
OA is D per the GMAT prep software.

I marked (E) but I am not sure how to answer this one

Any inputs?
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29 Jun 2014, 04:37
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TGC wrote:
OA is D per the GMAT prep software.

I marked (E) but I am not sure how to answer this one

Any inputs?

I picked Choice D.

In that ridiculuosly long, final sentence, choice E can be found here:

...the mixed purposes for which the maps have been prepared...

Purposes = Reasons

Just as all the other choices are found as followed:

Choices A and B (United States government policy, non-Native Americans’ perspective on Native Americans) is found here:
...United States government policy and in non-Native Americans’ attitudes toward an understanding of Native Americans....

And, Choice C here:
...reflects the origins of the data...

The question specifically asks you what is not mentioned directly in the passage.
I always found the best way to tackle these kinds of questions: simply read carefully. Be mindful of your time allotment, but try to fully comprehend each answer choice.

The GMAT is a rather clever chameleon.
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03 Mar 2015, 03:41
I also think the answer is D. The rest were mentioned in the passage.
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25 Jul 2015, 03:43
Q3 - how is the answer E) ?

Most existing maps of Native American lands are reconstructions that are based largely on archaeology, oral reports, and evidence gathered from observers' accounts in letters, diaries, and official reports; accordingly, the accuracy of these maps is especially dependent on the mapmakers' own interpretive abilities.

how did we infer that?
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26 Sep 2015, 11:17
Anu26 wrote:
Q3 - how is the answer E) ?

Most existing maps of Native American lands are reconstructions that are based largely on archaeology, oral reports, and evidence gathered from observers' accounts in letters, diaries, and official reports; accordingly, the accuracy of these maps is especially dependent on the mapmakers' own interpretive abilities.

how did we infer that?

Many existing maps also reflect the 150-year role of the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) in administering tribal lands. Though these maps incorporate some information gleaned directly from Native Americans,

From the above lines we can infer that the answer to Q3 should be E

I hope this helps Anu26
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29 Aug 2016, 02:15
Took 6 mins 50 seconds , including 2 mins 40 seconds to read

-The author is primarily talking about the Non maps that depict native american lands
- He mentions the origins of the information used to make the maps
- He mentions that the map creators used interpretive abilities rather than first hand information to create the maps

2. "reflects the origins of the data, the mixed purposes for which the maps have been prepared, and changes both in United States government policy and in non-Native Americans' attitudes toward an understanding of Native Americans."

3. "the accuracy of these maps is especially dependent on the mapmakers' own interpretive abilities."

4.
"Most existing maps of Native American lands are reconstructions that are based largely on archaeology, oral reports, and evidence gathered from observers' accounts in letters, diaries, and official reports "
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29 Aug 2016, 08:08
Top Contributor
7 mins. Regarding Q2, why not A?
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29 Aug 2016, 11:55
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JarvisR wrote:
7 mins. Regarding Q2, why not A?

Hi JarvisR ,
At the end of second paragraph , the factors have been mentioned . Please refer to the below excerpt .

"reflects the origins of the data, the mixed purposes for which the maps have been prepared, and changes both in United States government policy and in non-Native Americans' attitudes toward an understanding of Native Americans."

2. The passage mentions each of the following as a factor affecting current maps of Native American lands EXCEPT
(A) United States government policy
(B) non-Native Americans’ perspective on Native Americans
(C) origins of the information utilized to produce the maps
(D) changes in ways that tribal lands are used
(E) the reason for producing the maps

Hope this helps!!
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12 Feb 2017, 12:52
5 min. total. All correct.
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27 Mar 2017, 03:33
This one took time 7 min with one incorrect.
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31 Mar 2017, 00:12
question no. 4 why not option D ?
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31 Mar 2017, 19:57
mkumar26 wrote:
question no. 4 why not option D ?

"Most existing maps of Native American lands are reconstructions that are based largely on archaeology, oral reports, and evidence gathered from observers' accounts in letters, diaries, and official reports "

Here There is no where mention of ARIEL photographs . that's why C is answer .
D is mentioned in paragraph if you read the above sentence carefully you will understand.

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05 May 2017, 03:01
Original passage has an error. Last paragraph should not be one big sentence
Quote:
Many existing maps also reflect the 150-year role of the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) in administering tribal lands. Though these maps incorporate some information gleaned directly from Native Americans, rarely has Native American cartography contributed to this official record, which has been compiled, surveyed, and authenticated by non-Native American tribes and their migrations and cultural features, as well as territoriality and contemporary trust lands, reflects the origins of the data, the mixed purposes for which the maps have been prepared, and changes both I United States government policy and in non-Native Americans’ attitudes toward an understanding of Native Americans.

Should be:
Quote:
Many existing maps also reflect the 150-year role of the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) in administering tribal lands. Though these maps incorporate some information gleaned directly from Native Americans, rarely has Native American cartography contributed to this official record, which has been compiled, surveyed, and authenticated by non-Native Americans. Thus our current cartographic record relating to Native American tribes and their migrations and cultural features, as well as territoriality and contemporary trust lands, reflects the origins of the data, the mixed purposes for which the maps have been prepared, and changes both in United States government policy and in non-Native Americans' attitudes toward an understanding of Native Americans.

This topics exists for seven years. This may be the proof that you don't need to understand everything to get the questions right
Maps made by non-Native Americans to depict Native American   [#permalink] 05 May 2017, 03:01
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