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Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for th

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Re: Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for th [#permalink]

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17 Jul 2015, 15:45
Marconi’s conception of the radio was as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation; instead, it is precisely the opposite, a tool for communicating with a large, public audience.

1 Since "Marconi conceived" is active eliminate A. 2 Eliminate D and E because the idiom is "conceived as" 3 Eliminate B since "which" refers to the telephone
A. Marconi’s conception of the radio was as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation; instead, it is
B. Marconi conceived of the radio as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation, but which is
C. Marconi conceived of the radio as a tool for private conversation that could substitute for the telephone; instead, it has become
D. Marconi conceived of the radio to be a tool for private conversation, a substitute for the telephone, which has become
E. Marconi conceived of the radio to be a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation, other than what it is,

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Re: Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for th [#permalink]

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09 Aug 2015, 00:32
A. Incorrect - Because in this sentence the subject is "Marconi's conception" which do not agree to the latter part that starts after "it is". Why? because, "Conception" cannot be a tool for communicating with a large, public audience.

B. Incorrect - Which is used incorrectly

C. CORRECT - The sentence says that "Marconi came up with "Radio" as a way of private communication which could substitute "Telephone"; instead, it has become opposit (past perfect for is used) because "Telephone" has already become a tool if communication with a large public.

D. Incorrect - Use of "to be" is incorrect

E. Incorrect - Use of "to be" is incorrect

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29 Sep 2015, 23:45
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Marconi’s conception of the radio was as a substitute
for the telephone, a tool for private conversation;
precisely the opposite, a tool for
communicating with a large, public audience.
(A) Marconi’s conception of the radio was as a
substitute for the telephone, a tool for private
(B) Marconi conceived of the radio as a substitute
for the telephone, a tool for private
conversation, but which is
(C) Marconi conceived of the radio as a tool for
private conversation that could substitute for the
(D) Marconi conceived of the radio to be a tool for
private conversation, a substitute for the
telephone, which has become
(E) Marconi conceived of the radio to be a
substitute for the telephone, a tool for private
conversation, other than what it is,

I have a question regarding the OA. Let's see what others think the answer to this question should be.

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30 Sep 2015, 05:43
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Marconi’s conception of the radio was as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation; instead, it is precisely the opposite, a tool for communicating with a large, public audience.

Given sentence is completely wrong.
Conception of radio is compared to a substitute for telephone.
a tool for private conservation must define or modify radio not telephone.
Conceived of X as Y is the correct idiom.

(A) Marconi’s conception of the radio was as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation; instead, it is
Option A is wrong for above reasons.

(B) Marconi conceived of the radio as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation, but which is
modifier error repeats here.
but which is a wrong usage to introduce the contradictory meaning.

(C) Marconi conceived of the radio as a tool for private conversation that could substitute for the telephone; instead, it has become
This resolves all the problems.

(D) Marconi conceived of the radio to be a tool for private conversation, a substitute for the telephone, which has become
conceived of X to be Y is incorrect idiom used here.
a substitute for the telephone must modify radio but is misplaced here.
contrast in meaning is missing here and resulted in awkward sentence.

(E) Marconi conceived of the radio to be a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation, other than what it is,
incorrect idiom and modifier errors as in A and D repeat here.
other than what it is..........incorrect and wordier way to show contrast in meaning.

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30 Sep 2015, 11:04
i go with C.....
conceived of x as a substitute of y

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Re: Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for th [#permalink]

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22 Dec 2015, 19:07
The correct Idiom is :

Conceive of x as y....

"Conceive of x to be y " is incorrect usage.

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Re: Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for th [#permalink]

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25 Dec 2015, 06:58
Marconi’s conception of the radio was as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation; instead, it is precisely the opposite, a tool for communicating with a large, public audience.

A. Marconi’s conception of the radio was as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation; instead, it is
B. Marconi conceived of the radio as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation, but which is

C. Marconi conceived of the radio as a tool for private conversation that could substitute for the telephone; instead, it has become For me the only correct answer because of the 'conceived ......... has become' construction

D. Marconi conceived of the radio to be a tool for private conversation, a substitute for the telephone, which has become
E. Marconi conceived of the radio to be a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation, other than what it is,
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Re: Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for th [#permalink]

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04 Jan 2016, 09:26
egmat wrote:
Mission2012 wrote:
marine wrote:
Marconi’s conception of the radio was as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation; instead, it is precisely the opposite, a tool for communicating with a large, public audience.

A. Marconi’s conception of the radio was as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation; instead, it is
B. Marconi conceived of the radio as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation, but which is
C. Marconi conceived of the radio as a tool for private conversation that could substitute for the telephone; instead, it has become
D. Marconi conceived of the radio to be a tool for private conversation, a substitute for the telephone, which has become
E. Marconi conceived of the radio to be a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation, other than what it is,

Category: Rhetorical construction; Logical predication

Hi e-gmat,

My analysis on this question. Could you please review and let me know if my thought process is correct -

Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation:instead, it is precisely the opposite, a tool for communicating with a large, public audience.

(A) Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation; instead, it is

Analysis : IC, Noun + Noun Modifier; Adverb, IC
Error :
1. a tool for private conversation is N+NM, hence can modify radio or telephone (either)
2. Instead, it is – parallel IC, hence it refers back to parallel noun of “Marconi’s conception” instead of radio

(B) Marconi conceived of the radio as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation, but which is

Analysis: IC, Noun + Noun Mod, But + IC
Which in this case would refer to radio (noun in parallel IC) or conversation (closest noun)?

(C) Marconi conceived of the radio as a tool for private conversation that could substitute for the telephone; instead, it has become

Analysis: IC + that + modifier; instead, IC
Correct option

(D) Marconi conceived of the radio to be a tool for private conversation, a substitute for the telephone, which has become

Analysis IC, Noun + Noun Modifier, modifier
Error :
1. Conceived ..to be – incorrect idiom
2. Which refer to telephone

(E) Marconi conceived of the radio to be a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation, other than what it is,

Analysis IC, Noun + Noun Modifier, <<can’t get rest of the structure
Error :
1. Conceived ..to be – incorrect idiom

Hi Nishant,
Thank you for posting your query here and a very good analysis I must say!

SENTENCE STRUCTURE

Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation:
• instead, it is precisely the opposite, a tool for communicating with a large, public audience.

OPTION A: Incorrect

1) The way this sentence is worded, it suggests that Marconi’s conception was a substitute for the telephone. This meaning is absolutely illogical because an idea cannot be a substitute for a tool. From the context, we can understand that the radio was conceived as a substitute for the telephone. Hence, this sentence has meaning error.
2) The pronoun “it” seems to illogically refer to “Marconi’s conception”.

The Noun + Noun modifier “a tool for private conversation” modifies “telephone” correctly, since logically we know that radio is not a tool for private conversation.

OPTION B: Incorrect

1) “but” acts as a parallel market in this choice and is followed by a “which” clause. However, this “which” clause is not parallel to anything that lies on the left side of the marker.
2) Also, it is not clear what the modifier “which” refers to in this sentence. It can either refer to “radio” or to “telephone”.

As you have mentioned, “but” should be followed by an independent clause. However, the clause starting with “which” is not an independent clause.

OPTION C: Correct

This option changes the subject from “Marconi’s conception” to “Marconi”. This removes the meaning error of the original sentence.
Also, “it” in the second clause clearly refers to radio.

Here, “that” doesn’t refer to radio. It refers to “a tool for private conversation”.

OPTION D: Incorrect

1) “Conceived of X to be Y” is incorrect idiomatic usage. The correct usage is “conceived of X as Y”.
2) The relative pronoun modifier “which” seems to modify “telephone”. This gives an illogical meaning.
Note that, “which” can’t jump over “to be a tool for private conversation, a substitute for the telephone” and modify “radio” since this modifier is not one unified phrase.

OPTION E: Incorrect

1) This choice repeats the idiom error of option D.
2) The phrase “other than what” is wordy and redundant. It gives the meaning similar to “precisely the opposite”.

Hope this helps!
Deepak

" It" in option A refers to the subject "Marconi’s conception" whereas in option C "It" refers to "radio" . Please explain how it is referring to radio in place of the subject of the first independent clause.
A. Marconi’s conception of the radio was as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation; instead, it is
C. Marconi conceived of the radio as a tool for private conversation that could substitute for the telephone; instead, it has become

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Re: Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for th [#permalink]

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04 Jan 2016, 18:49
Could not find any split so had to go through each option:

marine wrote:
Marconi’s conception of the radio was as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation; instead, it is precisely the opposite, a tool for communicating with a large, public audience.

A. Marconi’s conception of the radio was as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation; instead, it is -- IT is pointing to Marconi's conception, which is wrong.
B. Marconi conceived of the radio as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation, but which is -- Not sure whether WHICH is pointing to telephone (which is closer) or to radio.
C. Marconi conceived of the radio as a tool for private conversation that could substitute for the telephone; instead, it has become - Seems correct.
D. Marconi conceived of the radio to be a tool for private conversation, a substitute for the telephone, which has become -- Looks like WHICH is pointing to telephone, which is distorting the meaning.
E. Marconi conceived of the radio to be a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation, other than what it is, -- Awkward

Category: Rhetorical construction; Logical predication

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Re: Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for th [#permalink]

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20 Jan 2016, 08:12
what is the antecedent of IT in C ?

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Re: Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for th [#permalink]

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20 Jan 2016, 09:18
hatemnag wrote:
what is the antecedent of IT in C ?

hi hatemnag,

Please refer to the explanation provided by egmat on previous page(currently page #7) in response to Nishant's/Mission 2012 query .
Each option is explained in detail.

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Re: Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for th [#permalink]

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13 Mar 2016, 18:25
marine wrote:
Marconi’s conception of the radio was as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation; instead, it is precisely the opposite, a tool for communicating with a large, public audience.

A. Marconi’s conception of the radio was as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation; instead, it is
B. Marconi conceived of the radio as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation, but which is
C. Marconi conceived of the radio as a tool for private conversation that could substitute for the telephone; instead, it has become
D. Marconi conceived of the radio to be a tool for private conversation, a substitute for the telephone, which has become
E. Marconi conceived of the radio to be a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation, other than what it is,

Category: Rhetorical construction; Logical predication

A. Conception is being compared with the telephone. It should be a radio to telephone comparison.
B. "but which" is incorrect. Grammatically
C. Correct
D. telephone has become opposite? - Incorrect
E. too wordy.

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Re: Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for th [#permalink]

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18 Apr 2016, 06:29

" It" in option A refers to the subject "Marconi’s conception" whereas in option C "It" refers to "radio" . Please explain how it is referring to radio in place of the subject of the first independent clause.
A. Marconi’s conception of the radio was as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation; instead, it is
C. Marconi conceived of the radio as a tool for private conversation that could substitute for the telephone; instead, it has become[/quote][/quote]
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Re: Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for th [#permalink]

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21 Apr 2016, 11:32
DAakash7 wrote:

" It" in option A refers to the subject "Marconi’s conception" whereas in option C "It" refers to "radio" . Please explain how it is referring to radio in place of the subject of the first independent clause.
A. Marconi’s conception of the radio was as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation; instead, it is
C. Marconi conceived of the radio as a tool for private conversation that could substitute for the telephone; instead, it has become

Take option C it the following way:

Instead of using "the radio", the sentence uses another pronoun "that" that in turn refers to the "radio".

I would suggest that keep pronoun ambiguity as the last resort to eliminate an answer. GMAT has been flexible on this aspect, (especially when the pronoun is the subject of a clause and refers to the subject of another clause in the sentence.... whatsoever this is not exactly such an usage, but could be reformulated in the same line.)

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Re: Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for th [#permalink]

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08 Jul 2016, 22:13
In the construction of this sentence, meaning should take the highest priority.
The sentence is trying to the convey - Marconi wanted the radio to become a preferred device for private conversation by replacing telephones but instead radio has become a device for public audience- the opposite of what Marconi wanted it to be.

A. Marconi’s conception of the radio was as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation; instead, it is
Meaning unclear. Hard to decipher whether it Radio or telephone, which is a tool for private conversation.

B. Marconi conceived of the radio as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation, but which is
Meaning unclear. Hard to decipher whether it Radio or telephone, which is a tool for private conversation.

C. Marconi conceived of the radio as a tool for private conversation that could substitute for the telephone; instead, it has become
Correct Meaning. No ambiguity. The "IT" after the semicolon clearly refers to the radio. so there is no ambiguity in pointing out which device has become tool for public audience.

D. Marconi conceived of the radio to be a tool for private conversation, a substitute for the telephone, which has become
Meaning Wrong:- This sentence blatantly says that Telephone has become a too for public audience.

E. Marconi conceived of the radio to be a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation, [b]other than what it is[/b],
Wrong meaning, unnecessary wordy, All sorts of grammatical problems in this one

marine wrote:
Marconi’s conception of the radio was as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation; instead, it is precisely the opposite, a tool for communicating with a large, public audience.

A. Marconi’s conception of the radio was as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation; instead, it is
B. Marconi conceived of the radio as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation, but which is
C. Marconi conceived of the radio as a tool for private conversation that could substitute for the telephone; instead, it has become
D. Marconi conceived of the radio to be a tool for private conversation, a substitute for the telephone, which has become
E. Marconi conceived of the radio to be a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation, other than what it is,

OG16 SC113
Category: Rhetorical construction; Logical predication

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Re: Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for th [#permalink]

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12 Sep 2016, 13:19
marine wrote:
Marconi’s conception of the radio was as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation; instead, it is precisely the opposite, a tool for communicating with a large, public audience.

A. Marconi’s conception of the radio was as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation; instead, it is
B. Marconi conceived of the radio as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation, but which is
C. Marconi conceived of the radio as a tool for private conversation that could substitute for the telephone; instead, it has become
D. Marconi conceived of the radio to be a tool for private conversation, a substitute for the telephone, which has become
E. Marconi conceived of the radio to be a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation, other than what it is,

OG16 SC113
Category: Rhetorical construction; Logical predication

When I see this question first time, i've seen that there is a 'it' in three option e.g., A. C, and E but their intended noun is two (may be it is Radio, or may be it is Telephone). So, I immediately thought that there is a pronoun ambiguity in A, C, and E. So, I cross out these three options because there is no pronoun in B and in D. But, at the end of the time I picked wrong answer choice. I'm really bothered in pronoun issue. So, can you please help me WHY 'it' refers to radio not Television. If I emphasize on meaning, then it is easily understood that 'it' is used to refer 'radio'. But, the guy who did not understand the meaning of this sentence, HOW can s/he pick C by seeing grammar issue?
Thanks...
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Re: Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for th [#permalink]

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15 Jan 2017, 02:28
Hi Expert,
Can you suggest why the pronoun - it - can refer to only radio and not telephone?
Is not there pronoun ambiguity error here?
WR,
Arpit
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Re: Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for th [#permalink]

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15 Jan 2017, 02:41
Top Contributor
Hi Expert,
Can you suggest why the pronoun - it - can refer to only radio and not telephone?
Is not there pronoun ambiguity error here?
WR,
Arpit

No because from the context we have no doubt: it in the OA refers only to telephone. Moreover, conversation is too far.

Hope this helps
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Re: Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for th [#permalink]

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15 Jan 2017, 04:06
Hi Expert,
Can you suggest why the pronoun - it - can refer to only radio and not telephone?
Is not there pronoun ambiguity error here?
WR,
Arpit

This is totally the issue of common sense understanding and understanding the meaning of the sentence. Moreover, the use of 'instead' implies to use ''it'' instead of ''radio not telephone''
Thanks...
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Re: Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for th [#permalink]

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15 Jan 2017, 10:37
I am not sure of the usage of 'substitute' in choice C. The current usage is:"that could substitute for the telephone". Shouldn't it be one of the following ways:
that could substitute the telephone
OR
that could act as a substitute for the telephone

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Re: Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for th   [#permalink] 15 Jan 2017, 10:37

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