It is currently 24 Nov 2017, 01:11

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for th

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Manager
Joined: 08 Apr 2004
Posts: 130

Kudos [?]: 968 [13], given: 0

Location: Corea
Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for th [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Sep 2004, 05:59
13
KUDOS
101
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

55% (hard)

Question Stats:

62% (01:15) correct 38% (01:22) wrong based on 3958 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

Marconi’s conception of the radio was as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation; instead, it is precisely the opposite, a tool for communicating with a large, public audience.

A. Marconi’s conception of the radio was as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation; instead, it is
B. Marconi conceived of the radio as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation, but which is
C. Marconi conceived of the radio as a tool for private conversation that could substitute for the telephone; instead, it has become
D. Marconi conceived of the radio to be a tool for private conversation, a substitute for the telephone, which has become
E. Marconi conceived of the radio to be a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation, other than what it is,

OG16 SC113
Category: Rhetorical construction; Logical predication
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Kudos [?]: 968 [13], given: 0

Retired Moderator
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4315

Kudos [?]: 8198 [4], given: 364

Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for th [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Oct 2010, 00:18
4
KUDOS
D and E gone because of wrong idiom, -conceived of to be -

A gone because of -conception of as -

B is gone because of very ambiguous reference of - which - . -Which - should point to the radio as per the essence of the passage, but here, seems to point to the telephone or the conversation or a tool, every thing other than the radio.

C is the lone winner
_________________

Can you solve at least some SC questions without delving into the initial statement?

Narendran 98845 44509

Kudos [?]: 8198 [4], given: 364

e-GMAT Representative
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2355

Kudos [?]: 9305 [4], given: 342

Re: Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for th [#permalink]

### Show Tags

02 Apr 2014, 14:32
4
KUDOS
Expert's post
2
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Hi Kinjal,

Thanks for posting your doubt here.

The modifier "a tool for private conversation" is a culprit in this choice. This modifier is intended for "radio", Marconi conceived of the radio as a tool for private conversation. However, "it" (radio) has become just the opposite, "a tool for communicating with a large, public audience". This is the intended meaning of the sentence that is correctly expressed by Choice C.

Also, the use of "is" is not appropriate in Choice A. Use of simple present present tense makes this a universal fact. In choice C, "has become" clearly shows that what it was meant to be but what it has eventually become.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
_________________

| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

Kudos [?]: 9305 [4], given: 342

Director
Joined: 11 Mar 2005
Posts: 716

Kudos [?]: 80 [2], given: 0

Re: Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for th [#permalink]

### Show Tags

11 Aug 2005, 13:52
2
KUDOS
A is just fine...

A. Marconiâ€™s conception of the radio was as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation; instead, it is

A is fine.. it clearly refers to Marconiâ€™s conception

B. Marconi conceived of the radio as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation, but which is

- what does which refer to here..

C. Marconi conceived of the radio as a tool for private conversation that could substitute for the telephone; instead, it has become
- out , bad restrictive clause. Seems to indicate that private conversation could substitute for the telephone.

D. Marconi conceived of the radio to be a tool for private conversation, a substitute for the telephone, which has become
- out, sentence has a different meaning. Seems to say that private conversation is a substitute for the telephone and which clause is also weird. No clear referrent...

E. Marconi conceived of the radio to be a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation, other than what it is,

- weird constructionl, other than what it is....

Kudos [?]: 80 [2], given: 0

CEO
Joined: 20 Nov 2005
Posts: 2892

Kudos [?]: 336 [2], given: 0

Schools: Completed at SAID BUSINESS SCHOOL, OXFORD - Class of 2008
Re: Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for th [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Aug 2006, 21:33
2
KUDOS
C

A, D and E are out. Correct idiomn is "concieved of X as Y....." where X and Y are nouns or noun phrases.

Out of B and C, C is fare better.
_________________

SAID BUSINESS SCHOOL, OXFORD - MBA CLASS OF 2008

Kudos [?]: 336 [2], given: 0

Retired Moderator
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4315

Kudos [?]: 8198 [2], given: 364

Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for th [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Oct 2010, 02:07
2
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Does the pronoun modifier - that - always have to modify the noun just before it?

I like ground coffee from India that is very enticing

I believe this sentence to be correct although India may not be very enticing.

Should a pronoun always refer to the subject of the earlier sentence? Not necessarily, It may also stand for the object.

Last week the mail order company sent me a book on grammar; unfortunately it contained anything but grammar.

In this sentence, what does the - it - refer to? The mail- order company? Nay, far from it;

I believe that context is also in contention and not the structure alone.
_________________

Can you solve at least some SC questions without delving into the initial statement?

Narendran 98845 44509

Kudos [?]: 8198 [2], given: 364

Current Student
Joined: 03 Feb 2013
Posts: 941

Kudos [?]: 1079 [2], given: 548

Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Strategy
GMAT 1: 760 Q49 V44
GPA: 3.88
WE: Engineering (Computer Software)
Re: Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for th [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Mar 2014, 23:41
2
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Marconi’s conception of the radio was as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation; instead, it is precisely the opposite, a tool for communicating with a large, public audience.

(A) Marconi’s conception of the radio was as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private
(B) Marconi conceived of the radio as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private
conversation, but which is
(C) Marconi conceived of the radio as a tool for private conversation that could substitute for the
(D) Marconi conceived of the radio to be a tool for private conversation, a substitute for the
telephone, which has become
(E) Marconi conceived of the radio to be a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private
conversation, other than what it is,

Meaning : Marconi’s conceived of the radio as a tool for private conversation and he thought radio as a substitute for telephone. But radio became a tool for mass communication

Option A) Holding option A
Option B) If we remove the modifier “a tool for private conversation”. The sentence becomes
“Marconi conceived of the radio as a substitute for the telephone but which is”
which replaces telephone and makes the sentence nonsensical.
Option C) Holding option C)
Option D) Same issue as that of Option B)
Option E) “other than what it is” is wordy and can be replaced with instead.

I am confused between Option A and option C)

Meaning analysis of Option A):
Marconi conceptualized radio as a substitute of telephone. Now the modifier “a tool for private
tense is present for the second half – which seems ok as the statement is made in present tense.

Meaning analysis of Option C)
Marconi conceptualized radio as a tool for private conversation and radio could substitute for the telephone. “it” logically refers to radio.
tense is present perfect -> that seems ok as the radio has been working as a mass communication since inception.

_________________

Thanks,
Kinjal

My Application Experience : http://gmatclub.com/forum/hardwork-never-gets-unrewarded-for-ever-189267-40.html#p1516961

Kudos [?]: 1079 [2], given: 548

Senior Manager
Joined: 29 Oct 2016
Posts: 269

Kudos [?]: 32 [2], given: 906

Concentration: Finance, Economics
GMAT 1: 620 Q50 V24
GRE 1: 314 Q167 V147
Re: Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for th [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Jan 2017, 00:30
2
KUDOS
Hi,
I'm not an expert,but let me try.

A. Marconi’s conception of the radio was as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation; instead, it is
-- modifier error : "a tool for private conversation" is supposed to refer to radio

B. Marconi conceived of the radio as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation, but which is
-- same as option A

C. Marconi conceived of the radio as a tool for private conversation that could substitute for the telephone; instead, it has become
-- This is our guy.Meaning is clear."it" refers to radio.

D. Marconi conceived of the radio to be a tool for private conversation, a substitute for the telephone, which has become
-- not sure but i think it's an idiom usage;conceive of something as..;it is the radio,not telephone,that has become a device for public audience.

E. Marconi conceived of the radio to be a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation, other than what it is
-- not sure but i think it's an idiom usage;conceive of something as..;modifier error : "a tool for private conversation" is supposed to refer to radio

Kudos [?]: 32 [2], given: 906

VP
Joined: 26 Apr 2004
Posts: 1205

Kudos [?]: 847 [1], given: 0

Location: Taiwan
Re: Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for th [#permalink]

### Show Tags

29 Mar 2005, 05:42
1
KUDOS
marine wrote:
Marconiâ€™s conception of the radio was as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation; instead, it is precisely the opposite, a tool for communicating with a large, public audience.

A. Marconiâ€™s conception of the radio was as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation; instead, it is
B. Marconi conceived of the radio as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation, but which is
C. Marconi conceived of the radio as a tool for private conversation that could substitute for the telephone; instead, it has become
D. Marconi conceived of the radio to be a tool for private conversation, a substitute for the telephone, which has become
E. Marconi conceived of the radio to be a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation, other than what it is,

Go for C.

(A) Marconiâ€™s conception of is wrong

All the usage of 'which' is wrong, B,D is out.

(E) 'other than what it is' is awkward

Kudos [?]: 847 [1], given: 0

SVP
Joined: 24 Sep 2005
Posts: 1883

Kudos [?]: 387 [1], given: 0

Re: Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for th [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Jun 2006, 09:48
1
KUDOS
alexiswhy wrote:
Edit by Vivek: Folks, try this question, this is from real GMAT!

Marconiâ€™s conception of the radio was as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation; instead, it is precisely the opposite, a tool for communicating with a large, public audience.

A. Marconiâ€™s conception of the radio was as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation; instead, it is
----> "conception ...was as a subtitute" ---> extremely awkward! -->out

B. Marconi conceived of the radio as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation, but which is
--> "which" is too far away from "radio" which it modifies --> out
C. Marconi conceived of the radio as a tool for private conversation that could substitute for the telephone; instead, it has become
---> fine

D. Marconi conceived of the radio to be a tool for private conversation, a substitute for the telephone, which has become
---> same problem to B

E. Marconi conceived of the radio to be a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation, other than what it is,
--> removing "precisely the opposite" leaves us with "what it is a tool for..." --> really awkward!

Btw, even if i'm not so sure with the idiom "conceive of sth as" ( this is probably idiomatic coz we have similar idiom " think of sth as") . I chose C by reasoning this way

Vivek buddy: So you did see this question in your G-day?!!

Kudos [?]: 387 [1], given: 0

Manager
Joined: 04 Oct 2006
Posts: 76

Kudos [?]: 38 [1], given: 0

Re: Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for th [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 May 2007, 04:41
1
KUDOS

A: "Marconi’s conception" is not the "substitute for the telephone"
B: It is not clear if "which" refers to radio or telephone
D: "Which" refers to "telephone"
E: It sounds stranger than C.

C left.

Kudos [?]: 38 [1], given: 0

Intern
Joined: 02 Feb 2009
Posts: 36

Kudos [?]: 5 [1], given: 2

Re: Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for th [#permalink]

### Show Tags

15 Jun 2009, 00:25
1
KUDOS
Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation; instead, it is] precisely the opposite, a tool for communicating with a large, public audience.

A. Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation; instead, it is
B. Marconi conceived of the radio as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for provate conversation, but which is
C. Marconi conceived of the radio as a tool for private conversation that could substitute for the telephone; instead, it has become
D. Marconi conceived of the radio to be a tool for private conversation, a substitute for the telephone, which has become
E. Marconi conceived of the radio to be a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation, other than what it is,[/quote]

a it refers to conception and not telephone
b "but which" should just be "which"
c looks good
d to be is unnecessary, which modifies conversation when the sentence needs it to modify radio
e to be is unnecessary and sentence is weird

i go with c

Kudos [?]: 5 [1], given: 2

Director
Joined: 05 Jun 2009
Posts: 807

Kudos [?]: 383 [1], given: 106

WE 1: 7years (Financial Services - Consultant, BA)
Re: Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for th [#permalink]

### Show Tags

16 Jun 2009, 09:31
1
KUDOS
IMO C

because it is emphasizing on "tool for private conversation" and not the telephone.
which is the opposite of "a tool for communicating with a large, public audience" as mentioned in the sencond part after ';'
_________________

Consider kudos for the good post ...
My debrief : http://gmatclub.com/forum/journey-670-to-720-q50-v36-long-85083.html

Kudos [?]: 383 [1], given: 106

Intern
Joined: 06 Mar 2010
Posts: 19

Kudos [?]: 6 [1], given: 1

Re: Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for th [#permalink]

### Show Tags

29 Apr 2010, 15:09
1
KUDOS
IMO B

Whatever conceived is contrasted in the other part of the sentence.

Eliminate AC : Instead can be used for replacement, not for contrast
Eliminate D: A, which(telephone) has become B - it represents transition from A to B, change in meaning.
Eliminate E: other than what it is - it (pronoun ambiguity) = telephone or tool?

Consider kudos for the post if OA == IMO

Kudos [?]: 6 [1], given: 1

CEO
Status: Nothing comes easy: neither do I want.
Joined: 12 Oct 2009
Posts: 2756

Kudos [?]: 1912 [1], given: 235

Location: Malaysia
Concentration: Technology, Entrepreneurship
Schools: ISB '15 (M)
GMAT 1: 670 Q49 V31
GMAT 2: 710 Q50 V35
Re: Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for th [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Oct 2010, 00:20
1
KUDOS
scheol79 wrote:
If anyone answers C, could you please explain the use of that and it?

Marconi conceived of the radio as a tool for private conversation that could substitute for the telephone; instead, it has become

conceived of X as Y- correct idiom. => only C and B are contenders.

Marconi conceived of the radio as a tool for private conversation that could substitute for the telephone; instead, it has become

radio as a tool that could substitute for the telephone -> this is the correct usage. But we may insert 'for private conversation' as a mission critical modifier. Read MGMAT SC advance chapters for this.

"It is used for radio". You can not use "it" for either tool or telephone.

Do not consider the pronoun ambiguity a hard and fast rule for the elimination.

You are here to select the best answer among 5 choices, not to select the best answer choice in the universe.
_________________

Fight for your dreams :For all those who fear from Verbal- lets give it a fight

Money Saved is the Money Earned

Jo Bole So Nihaal , Sat Shri Akaal

GMAT Club Premium Membership - big benefits and savings

Gmat test review :
http://gmatclub.com/forum/670-to-710-a-long-journey-without-destination-still-happy-141642.html

Kudos [?]: 1912 [1], given: 235

e-GMAT Representative
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2355

Kudos [?]: 9305 [1], given: 342

Re: Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for th [#permalink]

### Show Tags

30 Jan 2014, 09:34
1
KUDOS
Expert's post
Nitinaka19 wrote:
Hi E-GMAT,

Could you please explain the sentence structure of the above question listed below and the below listed queries.

Marconiâ€™s conception of the radio was as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation; instead, it is precisely the opposite, a tool for communicating with a large, public audience.

A. Marconiâ€™s conception of the radio was as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation; instead, it is
B. Marconi conceived of the radio as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation, but which is
C. Marconi conceived of the radio as a tool for private conversation that could substitute for the telephone; instead, it has become
D. Marconi conceived of the radio to be a tool for private conversation, a substitute for the telephone, which has become
E. Marconi conceived of the radio to be a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation, other than what it is,

My first query is that isn't "instead" makes the second clause a dependent clause.
Second is noun modifier "a tool for private conversation" isnt it correctly modifying a telephone as mention in option B rather than in C .
Third is in choice C . The what does that modifies ?

Thanks

Hi Nitinaka19,

Slowly, he finished the hot chocolate.

This sentence is an independent clause. Yes, it starts with the adverb “slowly”. However, adjectives and adverbs do not make a clause a Dependent clause.

Answer 2: Well yes, in Choice B, “a tool for private conversation modifies “telephone”. However, Choice B is not incorrect for this modifier. It is incorrect for the use of “which”. Notice that “which” is preceded by a parallel marker “but”. Now this “which” clause is not parallel to anything in the sentence. That’s the error in Choice B.

Answer C: In Choice C, the “that” clause modifies “a tool for private conversation” because grammatically, that’s the entity that precedes the Relative Pronoun “that”. However, logically it modifies “radio” because the sentence says that Marconi conceived of radio as a tool…. This means radio = a tool for private conversation. So logically “that” refers to “radio” as well.

You can take a look at OG13#6 where another Noun Modifier (Verb-ed Modifier) grammatically refers to the preceding Noun Entity that in essence refers back to the Subject of the sentence.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
_________________

| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

Kudos [?]: 9305 [1], given: 342

Director
Joined: 27 Mar 2010
Posts: 742

Kudos [?]: 323 [1], given: 13

Location: Bangalore, India
Re: Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for th [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Feb 2015, 07:15
1
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
JarvisR wrote:
Can someone please explain the error in option B.

Hi JarvisR, B mentions: ....but which is...

Whenever we have this kind of structure (but which, and that, but that etc.), there has to be a corresponding parallel structure to the left of the conjunction (and/but).

In B, there is no corresponding parallel structure on the left hand side of but. Hence, B is not correct.
_________________

Thanks,
Ashish (GMAT Faculty @ EducationAisle)
http://www.EducationAisle.com

Sentence Correction Nirvana available at Amazon.in and Flipkart

Now! Preview the entire Grammar Section of Sentence Correction Nirvana at pothi.com

Kudos [?]: 323 [1], given: 13

Manager
Joined: 15 Feb 2015
Posts: 114

Kudos [?]: 23 [1], given: 101

### Show Tags

30 Sep 2015, 00:45
1
KUDOS
Marconi’s conception of the radio was as a substitute
for the telephone, a tool for private conversation;
precisely the opposite, a tool for
communicating with a large, public audience.
(A) Marconi’s conception of the radio was as a
substitute for the telephone, a tool for private
(B) Marconi conceived of the radio as a substitute
for the telephone, a tool for private
conversation, but which is
(C) Marconi conceived of the radio as a tool for
private conversation that could substitute for the
(D) Marconi conceived of the radio to be a tool for
private conversation, a substitute for the
telephone, which has become
(E) Marconi conceived of the radio to be a
substitute for the telephone, a tool for private
conversation, other than what it is,

I have a question regarding the OA. Let's see what others think the answer to this question should be.

Kudos [?]: 23 [1], given: 101

Director
Joined: 02 Sep 2016
Posts: 789

Kudos [?]: 43 [1], given: 274

Re: Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for th [#permalink]

### Show Tags

15 Aug 2017, 00:40
1
KUDOS
Marconi’s conception of the radio was as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation; instead, it is precisely the opposite, a tool for communicating with a large, public audience.
1) Marconi’s conception (subject)………………..was (verb)
2) Phrase “a tool for private conversation” refers to telephone but it actually refers to radio
Marconi conceived of radio as a tool for private conversation but instead it is a tool for communicating with a large audience.
3) It is illogical to say that Marconi’s conception was as a tool……………

A. Marconi’s conception of the radio was as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation; instead, it is
Incorrect

B. Marconi conceived of the radio as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation, but which is
Again incorrect placement of the phrase ‘ a tool……….’

C. Marconi conceived of the radio as a tool for private conversation that could substitute for the telephone; instead, it has become
‘that’ when used as a subject of the dependent clause refers to the closes noun but in this (I think) the usage is fine because ‘for private conversation’ cannot be logically placed anywhere else.
So that refers to tool. GMATNinja is this fine according to you?
Use of present perfect ‘has become’ is also fine because it’s still true. Radio is still a tool for private conversation.

Correct choice.

D. Marconi conceived of the radio to be a tool for private conversation, a substitute for the telephone, which has become
Conceived to be is incorrect.
Conceive of someone or something as ………..is correct.

E. Marconi conceived of the radio to be a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation, other than what it is,
Incorrect for the reasons stated above.
_________________

Help me make my explanation better by providing a logical feedback.

If you liked the post, HIT KUDOS !!

Don't quit.............Do it.

Kudos [?]: 43 [1], given: 274

Director
Joined: 01 Feb 2003
Posts: 838

Kudos [?]: 130 [0], given: 0

Re: Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for th [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Mar 2005, 02:21
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
marine wrote:
Marconiâ€™s conception of the radio was as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation; instead, it is precisely the opposite, a tool for communicating with a large, public audience.

A. Marconiâ€™s conception of the radio was as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation; instead, it is
B. Marconi conceived of the radio as a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation, but which is
C. Marconi conceived of the radio as a tool for private conversation that could substitute for the telephone; instead, it has become
D. Marconi conceived of the radio to be a tool for private conversation, a substitute for the telephone, which has become
E. Marconi conceived of the radio to be a substitute for the telephone, a tool for private conversation, other than what it is,

we have two clauses separated by a semi-colon - and the second clause needs to be in contrast with the first.
Use of a transitional tag "instead" brings out the contrast..and has become says that radio, invented by Marconi, is still in existence.

C is the best

Kudos [?]: 130 [0], given: 0

Re: Marconi's conception of the radio was as a substitute for th   [#permalink] 28 Mar 2005, 02:21

Go to page    1   2   3   4   5   6   7    Next  [ 121 posts ]

Display posts from previous: Sort by