Maria won this year s local sailboat race by beating Sue, : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# Maria won this year s local sailboat race by beating Sue,

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Maria won this year s local sailboat race by beating Sue, [#permalink]

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06 Jul 2007, 02:25
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Maria won this year’s local sailboat race by beating
Sue, the winner in each of the four previous years. We
can conclude from this that Maria trained hard.
The conclusion follows logically if which one of the
following is assumed?

(A) Sue did not train as hard as Maria trained.
(B) If Maria trained hard, she would win the
sailboat race.
(C) Maria could beat a four-time winner only if she
trained hard.
(D) If Sue trained hard, she would win the sailboat
race.
(E) Sue is usually a faster sailboat racer than Maria.
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Re: CR Sailboat Race [#permalink]

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06 Jul 2007, 02:33
vshaunak@gmail.com wrote:
Maria won this year’s local sailboat race by beating
Sue, the winner in each of the four previous years. We
can conclude from this that Maria trained hard.
The conclusion follows logically if which one of the
following is assumed?

(A) Sue did not train as hard as Maria trained.
(B) If Maria trained hard, she would win the
sailboat race.
(C) Maria could beat a four-time winner only if she
trained hard.
(D) If Sue trained hard, she would win the sailboat
race.
(E) Sue is usually a faster sailboat racer than Maria.

It should be B.
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06 Jul 2007, 13:33
I go for C
if not assumed the conclusion does not follow
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06 Jul 2007, 14:09
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C it is .
Use of word "only if" .
If there are more reasons other than hard training when Maria can beat sue then we cannot conclude that training hard is the only reason for Maria's win
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07 Jul 2007, 07:12
B is a trap and weakens the argument.
C is the answer.
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Re: Maria won this year s local sailboat race by beating Sue, [#permalink]

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14 Jan 2014, 09:58
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Re: Maria won this year s local sailboat race by beating Sue, [#permalink]

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15 Jan 2014, 07:23
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Maria won this year’s local sailboat race by beating Sue, the winner in each of the four previous years. We can conclude from this that Maria trained hard.
The conclusion follows logically if which one of the following is assumed?

This is a CAUSAL RELATIONSHIP-----
Assumptions- Training hard ONLY led to Maria's win.......
Nothing else led to Maria's win

(A) Sue did not train as hard as Maria trained....cant say what applies for Sue... we only know what applies for Maria.
(B) If Maria trained hard, she would win the sailboat race.....cant say about future..... this time she won because she trained hard...WOULD does not invoke a total sence of certainty.....
(C) Maria could beat a four-time winner only if she trained hard..... .... Training hard ONLY led to Maria's win.......
Nothing else led to Maria's win.....correct

(D) If Sue trained hard, she would win the sailboat race..... ..cant say what applies for Sue... we only know what applies for Maria.
(E) Sue is usually a faster sailboat racer than Maria.......not an assumption.

IMO "C"...............

KUDOS IF YOU PLEASE............
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Re: Maria won this year s local sailboat race by beating Sue, [#permalink]

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17 Jan 2014, 15:02
Agree with C.

If X happens than Y will happen;

here it only works in one direction.

therefore, if Y happens, than X did not necessary happen too.

Answer C.
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Re: Maria won this year s local sailboat race by beating Sue, [#permalink]

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18 Nov 2015, 03:15
Paris75 wrote:
Agree with C.

If X happens than Y will happen;

here it only works in one direction.

therefore, if Y happens, than X did not necessary happen too.

Answer C.

not thAn, thEn dear

Otherwise, C as well. This is the conditional clause that validates the conclusion without a doubt.
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Re: Maria won this year s local sailboat race by beating Sue,   [#permalink] 18 Nov 2015, 03:15
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# Maria won this year s local sailboat race by beating Sue,

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